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COMPETENCES. Mención de Lengua Extranjera (Tercera Clase). Zabala (2008:43-45)

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Competences

COMPETENCES

Mención de Lengua Extranjera

(Tercera Clase)


What are competences

Zabala (2008:43-45)

“It is the capacity to carry out tasks or confront diverse situations in an efficient way in a given context. It is neccesary to set attitudes, skills, and knowledge in motion, and this should be done in an integrated and interrelated way.”

“Competences need to identify whatever a person needs to give answer to life-long problems. Therefore, competence consists of efficient intervention in different life situations wherein the aforementioned attitudes, skills and knowledge are integrated.”

Knowledge IN EXECUTION

What are competences?


Competential features
Competential features

  • Integrate concepts, procedures, attitudes

  • Practical purpose

  • Contextualisation

  • Answer to society of knowledge

  • Focus on needs

  • Level of achievement


Once opon a time
Once Opon a Time…

  • 1998 UNESCO

  • European Council at Lisbon 2000 (People!)

  • Succession of European Councils

  • Objectives of Education and Training 2010

  • European Council 2006


Key competences european parliament

Communication in the mother tongue

Communication in foreign languages

Mathematical competence and basic competence in Science and Technology

Digital Competence

Learning to Learn

Social and Civil Competences

Sense of Initiative and Enterprise Spirit

Cultural Expression and Conscience

KEY COMPETENCES (European Parliament)



Our educational system
Our Educational System…

  • Basic competences are the main reference for diagnosis evaluation

  • Reference point in terms of evaluation and promotion


Basic competences

Linguistic Communication

Mathematical Competence

Knowledge and Interaction with the Physical World

Treatment of Information and Digital

Social and Civic

Cultural and Artistic

Learning to Learn

Autonomy and Personal Initiative

Emotional Competence (Castilla La Mancha)

BASIC COMPETENCES


General and specific competences zabala 2007

GENERAL COMPETENCES

Respond to a real, specific situation in a place and a given context. They are formulated according to capacities that represent their dimmensions.

e.g. read, write, speak, listen

SPECIFIC COMPETENCES

Derivation of a general competence, which is what really gives sense to a general competence.

e.g. orally present opinions about the implications of human intervention on the environment, respect cultural and linguistic differences, etc.

GENERAL AND SPECIFIC COMPETENCES (Zabala, 2007)


How do we formulate them

GENERAL COMPETENCE

Action verb in Infinitive with a competential content

(e.g. Read all types of texts)

SPECIFIC COMPETENCE

(e.g. Respect Spanish cultural and linguistic differences)

OPERATIONAL COMPETENCE: short-term skills/strategies

e.g. Dialogue in an ordered and respectful way about linguistic diversity in Spain

HOW DO WE FORMULATE THEM?


How do we evaluate them
HOW DO WE EVALUATE THEM?

  • Organic Law 8/2013, 9th of December, for the Improvement of Educational Quality

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nPB-41q97zg&hd=1

  • Educational Standards


Richard gerver

Creating Tomorrow’s School Today (2010)

“To be successful you must respect failure and understand the power that not knowing can give you. Very few ever truly aim high enough or realice their potential. The really successful never stop trying, never stop making mistakes and never feel that they have got all the answers.”

RICHARD GERVER


Communicative competence in foreign languages
COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE IN FOREIGN LANGUAGES

  • Noah Chomsky (Competence/Performance)

  • Dell Hymes (60’s) – Communicative Competence

  • Systematic potential

  • Appropriacy

  • Feasibility

  • Occurrence


Canale swain 1983
CANALE & SWAIN (1983)

  • Grammatical Competence

  • Sociolinguistic Competence

  • Pragmatic Competence

  • Strategic Competence


Read…

  • COMMON EUROPEAN FRAMEWORK OF REFERENCE FOR LANGUAGES (2001)

  • Available on the internet


Subcompetences
SUBCOMPETENCES

  • Grammatical competence

  • Phonological competence

  • Semantic competence

  • Lexical competence

  • Syntactic competence

  • Orthographic competence

  • Orthopoeic competence

  • Sociolinguistic competence

  • Strategic competence

  • Etc.


What is out objective

What is our concern?

Communicative Competence or acquire British pronunciation?

How do we distinguish?

What is purity?

What is OUT objective?


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