Now ! Emerging Technology Conference Tom Peters/09.05.2001. HP-Compaq.
“When asked to name just one big merger that had lived up to expectations, Leon Cooperman, former cochairman of Goldman Sachs’ Investment Policy Committee, answered:I’m sure there are success stories out there, but at this moment I draw a blank.”Mark Sirower, The Synergy Trap
Forbes100 from 1917 to 1987: 39 members of the Class of ’17 were alive in ’87; 18 are in ’87 F100; the 18 F100 “survivors” underperformed the market by 20%; just 2 (2%), GE & Kodak, outperformed the market from 1917 to 1987.S&P 500 from 1957 to 1997: 74 members of the Class of ’57 were alive in ’97; 12 (2.4%) of 500 outperformed the market from 1957 to 1997.Source: Dick Foster & Sarah Kaplan, Creative Destruction: Why Companies that Are Built to Last Underperform the Market
“Good management was the most powerful reason [leading firms] failed to stay atop their industries. Precisely because these firms listened to their customers, invested aggressively in technologies that would provide their customers more and better products of the sort they wanted, and because they carefully studied market trends and systematically allocated investment capital to innovations that promised the best returns, they lost their positions of leadership.”Clayton Christensen, The Innovator’s Dilemma
“The corporation as we know it, which is now 120 years old, isnot likely to survive the next 25 years.Legally and financially, yes, but not structurally and economically.”Peter Drucker, Business 2.0 (08.00)
Built to Last v. Built to Flip“The problem with Built to Last is that it’s a romantic notion. Large companies are incapable of ongoing innovation, of ongoing flexibility.”“Increasingly, successful businesses will be ephemeral. They will be built to yield something of value – and once that value has been exhausted, they will vanish.”Fast Company (03/2000)
“The primary strategic mission for [CEO Jeffrey] Immelt is to hasten GE’s transformation from a low-margin manufacturer to a more lucrative services company that sells solutions as much as stuff.”Newsweek/09.10.2001 (Welch raised share of services revenue from 15% o 70%)
“UPS wants to take over the sweet spot in the endless loop of goods, information and capital that all the packages [it moves] represent.”ecompany.com/06.01 (E.g., UPS Logistics manages the logistics of 4.5M Ford vehicles, from 21 mfg. Sites to 6,000 NA dealers)
The Sales25: Great Salespeople …1. Know the product. (Find cool mentors, and use them.)2. Know the company.3. Know the customer. (Including the customer’s consultants.) (And especially the “corporate culture.”)4. Love internal politics at home and abroad.5. Religiously respect competitors. (No badmouthing, no matter how provoked.)6. Wire the customer’s org.(Relationships at all levels & functions.)7. Wire the home team’s org. and vendors’ orgs.(INVEST Big Time time in relationships at all levels & functions.) (Take junior people in all functions to client meetings.)
Great Salespeople …8. Never overpromise.(Even if it costs you your job.)9. Sell only by solving problems-creating profitable opportunities.(“Our product solves these problems, creates these unimagined INCREDIBLE opportunities, and will make you a ton of money—here’s exactly how.”) (IS THIS A “PRODUCT SALE” OR A WOW-ORIGINAL SOLUTION YOU’LL BE DINING OFF 5 YEARS FROM NOW? THAT WILL BE WRITTEN UP IN THE TRADE PRESS?)10. Will involve anybody—including mortal enemies—if it enhances the scope of the problem we can solve and increases the scope of the opportunity we can encompass.11. Know the Brand Story cold; live the Brand Story. (If not, leave.)
Great Salespeople …12. Think “Turnkey.” (It’s always your problem!)13. Act as “orchestra conductor”: You are responsible for making the whole-damn-network respond. (PERIOD.)14. Help the customer get to know the vendor’s organization & build up their Rolodex.15. Walk away from bad business.(Even if it gets you fired.)16. Understand the idea of a “good loss.”(A bold effort that’s sometimes better than a lousy win.)17. Think those who regularly say “It’s all a price issue” suffer from rampant immaturity & shrunken imagination.18. Will not give away the store to get a foot in the door. 19. Are wary & respectful of upstarts—the real enemy.20. Seek several “cool customers”—who’ll drag you into Tomorrowland.
Great Salespeople …21. Use the word “partnership” obsessively, even though it is way overused.(“Partnership” includes folks at all levels throughout the supply chain.)22. Send thank you notes by the truckload.(NOT E-NOTES.) (Most are for “little things.”) (50% of those notes are sent to those in our company!) Remember birthdays. Use the word “we.” 23. When you look across the table at the customer, think religiously to yourself: “HOW CAN I MAKE THIS DUDE RICH & FAMOUS & GET HIM-HER PROMOTED?” 24. Great salespeople in great technology companies can affirmatively respond to the query in an HP banner ad: HAVE YOU CHANGED CIVILIZATION TODAY?25. Keep your bloody PowerPoint slides simple!
“We believe companies can increase their market cap 50 percent in 3 years. Steve Macadam at Georgia-Pacificchanged 20 of his 40 box plant managers to put more talented, higher paid managers in charge.He increased profitability from $25 million to $80 million in 2 years.”Ed Michaels, War for Talent (05.17.00)
“AS LEADERS, WOMEN RULE: New Studies find that female managers outshine their male counterparts in almost every measure”Title, Special Report, Business Week, 11.20.00
The Cracked Ones Let in the Light“Our business needs a massive transfusion of talent, and talent, I believe, is most likely to be found among non-conformists, dissenters and rebels.”David Ogilvy
TALENT POOL TO DIE FOR. Youthful. Insanely energetic. Value creativity. Risk taking is routine. Failing is normal … if you’re stretching. Want to “make their bones” in “the revolution.” Love the new technologies. Well rewarded. Don’t plan to be around 10 years from now.
TALENT POOL PLUS. Seek out and work with “world’s best” as needed (it’s often needed). “We aim to change the world, and we need gifted colleagues—who well may not be on our payroll.”
BRASSY-BUT-GROUNDED-LEADERSHIP.Say “I don’t know”—and then unleash the TALENT. Have a vision to be DRAMATICALLY DIFFERENT—but don’t expect the co. to be around forever. Will scrap pet projects, and change course 180 degrees—and take a big write-off in the process. NO REGRETS FROM SCREW-UPS WHOSE TIME HAS NOT-YET-COME. GREAT REGRETS AT TIME & $$$ WASTED ON “ME TOO” PRODUCTS AND PROJECTS.
BRASSY-BUT-GROUNDED-LEADERSHIP. (Cont.)“Visionary” leaders matched by leaders with shrewd business sense: “HOW DO WE TURN A PROFIT ON THIS ‘COOL’ IDEA?” Appreciate “market creation” as much as or more than “market share growth.” ARE INSANELY AWARE THAT MARKET LEADERS ARE ALWAYS IN PRECARIOUS POSITIONS, AND THAT MARKET SHARE WILL NOT PROTECT US, IN TODAY’S VOLATILE WORLD, FROM THE NEXT KILLER IDEA AND KILLER ENTREPRENEUR. (Gates. Ellison. Venter. McNealy. Walton. Skilling. Case. Etc.)
ALLIANCE MANIACS.Don’t assume that “the best resides within.” WORK WITH A SHIFTING ARRAY OF STATE-OF-THE-ART PARTNERS FROM ONE END OF THE “SUPPLY CHAIN” TO THE OTHER. Including vendors and consultants and … especially … PIONEERING CUSTOMERS—who will “pull us into the future.”
TECHNOLOGY-NETWORK FANATICS.Run the whole-damn-company, and relations with all outsiders, on the Internet … at Internet speed. Reluctant to work with those who don’t share this (radical) vision.
POTENTIAL MACHINES-ORGANISMS. Don’t know what’s coming next. But are ready to jump at opportunities, especially those that challenge-overturn our own “way of doing things.”
“The ‘surplus society’ has a surplus of similar companies, employing similarpeople, with similar educational backgrounds, working in similar jobs, coming up with similarideas, producing similar things, with similarprices and similarquality.”Kjell Nordstrom and Jonas Ridderstrale,Funky Business
“Customers will try ‘low cost providers’ because the Majors have not given them any clear reason not to.”Leading Insurance Industry Analyst (10-99)
Dell’s OptiPlex FacilityBig Job: 6 to 8 hours.(20,000 per day)Parts Inventory: 2 hours, 100 square feet.(Overall, 5 days vs. 50 to 90 days; target is 2.5 days)
Enron eWorld: “Price a structured trade,” per John Arnold, 26: Early 1999: 30 times a day. Late 2000: 30 times per … minute.Long-term gas contract. 1989: 9 months, 400+ deals. Late 90s: 2 weeks, 2 per week. Late 2000: 5 such deals per daySource: www.ecompany.com (1/2001)
Secret Cisco: Community!C.Sat e >> C.Sat HCustomer Engineer Chat Rooms/CollaborativeDesign ($1B “free” consulting) (45,000 customer problems a week solved via customer collaboration)
Welcome to D.I.Y. Nation:“Changes in business processes will emphasize self service. Your costs as a business go down and perceivedservice goes up because customers are conducting it themselves.”Ray Lane, Oracle
“Ebusiness is about rebuilding the organization from the ground up. Most companies today are not built to exploit the Internet. Their business processes, their approvals, their hierarchies, the number of people they employ … all of that is wrong for running an ebusiness.”Ray Lane, Kleiner Perkins
“Customer Service” is DEAD.“One-to-One” is DEAD.Welcome to: ????[??? = We live together in seamless-responsive harmony with all Members of the Value Chain. We Create together. We Fulfill together. We Learn together. We Adjust together. All old categories – which imply separation and linearity and hierarchy and do-it-to-themism – must die.]
“The ‘Connection Proclivity’ in women starts early. When asked, ‘How was school today?’ a girl usually tells her mother every detail of what happened, while a boy might grunt, ‘Fine.’ ”EVEolution
What If …“What if ExxonMobil or Shell dipped into their credit card database to help commuting women interview and make a choice of car pool partners?”“What if American Express made a concerted effort to connect up female empty-nesters through on-line and off-line programs, geared to help women re-enter the workforce with today’s skills?”EVEolution
“ ‘Age Power’ will rule the 21st century, and we are woefully unprepared.”Ken Dychtwald, Age Power: How the 21st Century Will Be Ruled by the New Old
50+$7T wealth (70%)/$2T annual income50% all discretionary spending79% own homes/40M credit card users41% new cars/48% luxury$610B healthcare spending/74% prescription drugs5% of advertising targetsKen Dychtwald, Age Power: How the 21stCentury Will Be Ruled by the New Old
“Most companies tend to equate branding with the company’s marketing. Design a new marketing campaign and, voila, you’re on course. They are wrong. The task is much bigger. It is about fulfilling our potential … not about a new logo, no matter how clever. WHAT IS MY MISSION IN LIFE?WHAT DO I WANT TO CONVEY TO PEOPLE?HOW DO I MAKE SURE THAT WHAT I HAVE TO OFFER THE WORLD IS ACTUALLY UNIQUE? The brand has to give of itself, the company has to give of itself, the management has to give of itself. To put it bluntly, it is a matter of whether – or not – you want to be … UNIQUE … NOW.”Jesper Kunde, A Unique Moment
1st Law Mktg Physics: OVERTBENEFIT(Focus: 1 or 2 > 3 or 4/“One Great Thing.” Source #1: Personal Passion)2ND Law: REALREASONTOBELIEVE(Stand & Deliver!)3RD Law: DRAMATICDIFFERENCE(Execs Don’t Get It: See the next slide.)Source: Jump Start Your Business Brain, Doug Hall
2 Questions“How likely are you to purchase this new product or service?” (95% to 100% weighting by execs)“How unique is this new product or service?” (0% to 5%*)*No exceptions in 20 years – Doug Hall, Jump Start Your Business Brain