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WP2 PRESENTATION. WP3 - IMPLEMENTATION PHASE. to be specified. WP4 - TRIALS AND EVALUATION. to be specified. Current Project Status. WP1 - ANALYSIS OF Malpensa OPERATIONS. 03.02.2003 26.05.2003. WP2 - IDENTIFICATION AND SELECTION OF COMMON IMPROVEMENTS.

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WP2 PRESENTATION

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Wp2 presentation

WP2 PRESENTATION


Current project status

WP3 - IMPLEMENTATION

PHASE

to be specified

WP4 - TRIALS AND EVALUATION

to be specified

Current Project Status

WP1 - ANALYSIS OF

Malpensa OPERATIONS

03.02.2003 26.05.2003

WP2 - IDENTIFICATION AND SELECTION

OF COMMON IMPROVEMENTS

27.05.2003 30.09.2003

Steering Comittee

ASSESSMENT / DECISION


Wp2 presentation

Design macro processes,

information flows and

collaborative procedures

Consolidate outputs from

the several parties

Conduct Limited Business

Case for each proposed

implementation

Final Presentation and

report writing

Holidays

WP2 APPROACH

May 27 - Presentation and Steering Committee

WP1 :

Analyse the state of operations at Malpensa

WP2:

Identify and

select common improvement targets

WP3 :

Design and

implement

processes and information systems

WP4 :

Measure,

follow up and

correct

Prepare operational requirements for the implementation phase

PHASE 1

PHASE 2

PHASE 3

PHASE 4

Determine the WP2 scope

and objectives

Choice between different

axes

Define a CDM Project for

Malpensa

Jun, 2003

Sept , 2003


Preliminary assessment

Today: “Individual Company View”

Tomorrow: “Extended Enterprise View”

Handling

agents

ATC

Airlines

Airport

Airport

Airlines

ATC

Handling

agents

Non-optimal Result

Preliminary Assessment

Organisational Issue : Cross Organisations Teams and Decision Making

Optimisation of Airport Resources

Individual optimisation, often not considering the effect on other stakeholders

All companies aware of cross organisational interfaces

Little or no cross-organisational communication with respect to decisions with cross-organisational impact

All companies balancing their economic targets in an integrated way

Interfacing with other partners (e.g. handlers, AOC, etc.

Cross-organisational teams and decision making

Cross-organisational key performance indicators


Cdm potential proposals wp2

CDMPotential ProposalsWP2


Wp2 presentation

CDM - Objectives


Airport cdm barcelona wp3 information system

Airport CDMBARCELONAWP3 :InformationSystem


Wp2 presentation

Expected Benefits :

Common Situation Awareness

Support the local collaborative decision-making

Facilitate the implementation of collaborative procedures

Mission

  • Link airport slot with flight plan data and relevant informationofARRIVING and DEPARTING flights,

  • Link airport operations, aircraft operators and ATC systems,

  • Provide one set of data describing the status and partners intentions on a given flight,

  • Serve as base for information sharing between partners,

  • Useful for collaborative procedures (pre-departure sequence).


Milestones approach

Milestones Approach

ForeignAirspace

NationalAirspace

NationalAirspace

ForeignAirspace

Outstation

Hub Airport

Outstation

Off-Blocks

Off-Blocks Outstation

Take-Off Outstation

EnteringNational Airspace

Touchdown

On-Blocks

Take-Off

LeavingNational Airspace

Touchdown Outstation

On-Blocks Outstation

ACC

ACC

Airlines

ATFM

TWR

TWR

G.Handling

S/G

Take-Off

Off Block

Start Up

Final

Approach

In Blocks

Take Off

TOBT-d TOBT

Landing

in d min

Landed

Ready in dmin.

Ready

Start

Ground

Handling

Delay

  • All doors closed

  • Jetways/airbridges removed

  • Pushback truck in place (contact stand)

  • Ready to taxi immediatel after clearance

  • Ready to de-ice (in de-icing conditions)

Aircraft will

be ”landed”

in d minutes

(d = 30 minutes)

Aircraft will

be ”ready”

in d minutes

(d = 30 minutes)

CDM Events / Milestones


Airport cdm information system

AIRPORT CDM INFORMATION SYSTEM

Common to Arriving / Departing Flights

Aircraft registration,

Flight status,

Aircraft type,

Flight type,

Handling agent

Aircraft Registration

Flight Number

ATC Callsign

Arriving Flights

Departing Flights

ATC callsign for departing flight

Flight Number

ADES

SID

Boarding Gate

Off Block Time (EOBT )

Estimated Ready Time (ERDT)

Take Off Time (ETOT)

Turn around Period(ETAP)

Taxi-out Period(EXOP)

Departure Runway

Parking Position

Number of passengers

Delay and Delay Code or updated EOBT / ETOT

ATC callsign for arriving flight

Flight Number

ADEP

Schengen / Non Schengen

Arrival Lounge

Departure Times Flight (ETOT)

Arrival Times (ELDT)

On Stand Times(EIBT)

Taxi-in Period(EXIP)

Arrival Ruway

Parking Position

Number of Passengers

Delay and Delay Code or updated ELDT / EIBT


Wp2 presentation

Continuous Improvement

SXOP = Airport Average Taxi Out Period

EXOP = Location : S&G and RWY , Peak Hour ..

TXOP = Flight : airport constraints

  • Continuous Improvement ofEOBTwith Automatic Update at

    • Off Block - 2h00COBT = SLDT + SXIP + STAP ETOT = COBT + SXOP FUM

    • Landing - 30’COBT = TLDT + EXIP + ETAP ETOT = COBT + EXOP ATC

    • LandingCOBT = ALDT + TXIP + TTAP ETOT = COBT + EXOP TWR

    • In BlockCOBT = AIBT + TTAP ETOT = COBT + EXOP

  • Airline Real Time Constraints = Airline Contract for all Partners

    • ~ Off Block - 30’TOBT = EOBT + Airline Intentions ETOT = TOBT + EXOP

  • TWR Airport Constraints

  • TOBT- 20’TTOT = TSDT + TXOP

EOBT : Estimated Off-Block Time TTAP : Target Turn Around Period

TTOT : Target Take-Off Time EXOP : Estimated Taxi-Out Period


Wp2 presentation

Status

OBKOff Block

BRDBoarding

OSTOn Stand

FNLFinal Approach

FIRA/C in span. Airspace

INIFPL has been received

SCHAirport program

The CDM Traffic Monitor

Selection of user defined list

operations departuresarrivals combined list search for

flight

Operations list defined by user profile

Llegada Arrival

Salida Departure

Ordensorting order by TOBT

ID Lleg.Arr. Call-sign

Id salidasDep. Call-sign

Est-OperaOperational Staus

Tipo AeronA/C type

SOSTScheduled OnStandTime

EOSTEstimated OnStandTime

ELDTEstimated LandingTime

SOBTScheduled OffBlockTime

EOBTEstimated OffBlockTime

TOBTTarget OffBlockTime

E/CTOTEstimat/Calculat OBT

White Frame indicates Data recently changed

Blue: Flight has CFMU slot

System in testing phase

RED indicates Boarding Alarm

GREEN indicates Airport slot / flight plan incoherence


Wp2 presentation

Airport CDMZAVENTEMWP3 : Pre - DepartureSequence


Wp2 presentation

New Estimates

Tower

Airline

A.O.C

Handlers

Pilot

EOBT-40’ < > -20’

EOBT

TOBT

TOBT

End of Ramp

Start-Up Request

At TOBT - 30

Taxi Out Period

Start-Up DeliveryTake-Off

TWR

Taxi

Period

At TOBT - 25’

Start-Up Delivery

Take-Off

Delay CTOT

taxi.time

15’

CFMU

Regulation

CTOT

EOBT- 30’ TOBT- 25’ Clearance ETOT

Request

PRE - DEPARTURE SEQUENCE

Shared Responsibility

Airport : S&G

DEP

ARR


Wp2 presentation

Taxi = 15’

~EOBT -30’

EOBT ETOT

Airline / Handler

XOP = 18’

TOBT ETOT

TOBT -25’

TOBT : Target Off Block Time

TWR

XOP = 20’

SDTTOT

Pre-Departure Sequence

: AOBT- 5’ < TOBT < AOBT + 5’

TOT : Take-Off Time : ATOT- 5’ < TOT < ATOT + 5’

Pre-Departure Sequence

EOBT : Estimated Off-Block Time SDT : Start-Up Delivery Time

TOT : Take-Off Time XOP : Taxi-Out Period


Wp2 presentation

TOBT-H

TOBT-H

TOBT-H

TOBT-R DPI

HOPS

TOBT Procedure

AOC Handler Pilot TWR CFMU

CTOT

ETOT -60’ or EOBT-40’

at least

EOBT-20’

EOBT-15’

CTOT

compliant

no compliant

due to airport

no compliant

due to airline

TOBT-S< 5’

We have to be FLEXIBLE

TOBT-D

New EOBT

New CTOT

ETOT -60’ or EOBT-40’

EOBT-20’

EOBT-15’

TOBT-H

TOBT-S

TOBT-X

TOBT-S = Target Start-up Clearance Delivery Time

TOBT-H = Ready Time Handlers TOBT-R =TOBT-Hrevised / HOPS holding point slot

TOBT-D =TOBT-Hdenied (CFMU constraint)

TOBT-X =TOBT-Hor S or D revoked (airport disruption)

DPI: Departure Planning Information (new-TTOT)


Wp2 presentation

TOBT Procedure

Rules:

Airline

  • Slotted aircraft get a higher priority than non slotted aircraft

  • TOBT-H transmitted between 60’ and 40’ before estimated take off time (ETOT) or

    40’ and 20’ before estimated off block time (EOBT)

  • Without slot, TOBT-H is used to enter the flight into the pre departure sequence

  • Without TOBT-H, flight will be treated as today

  • Issue of a new TOBT-H results in a new TWR sequencing (S, R or D)

  • At TOBT-S +2’, no taxi or no start-up request or no actual off block time (AOBT)

    • the flight will be re-sequenced at the end of the queue

      ATC

  • The sequenced TOBT (S, R or D) will follow within 5’ after TOBT-H

  • TWR sends a TOBT-X in case of re-sequencing due to the airport conditions

  • TWR evaluates a standard taxi out period according to stand position and the period of the day

  • TWR calculates a HOPS time

    Organisation

  • Punctuality steering Committee (Airport: BIAC, Belgocontrol, (Airlines, Handlers))

  • Performance Committee (BIAC, Belgocontrol, Airlines, Handlers, CFMU, CEE..)

INCENTIVE


Wp2 presentation

Airport CDMCFMUWP3 :New Messages FUM, DPIs


Wp2 presentation

Air Traffic Flow and Capacity Management

Specify exchange between CFMU and Airport CDM,

Specify exchange in the context of:

. information on the inbound flights : LDT

. information on the outbound flights : TOT

. disruptions

. FPL - Airport Schedule consistency checking,

Define the timing, trigger and content of the messages,

Evaluate the benefits for CFMU, Airports and AOs.


Wp2 presentation

FUM : Flight Update Message

LDT

The FUM is sent to advise Airport CDM and APP about the modification of ETA and

to supply the APP with the new estimated time and FL over the IAF of the STAR or

over the last point of the Route.

AND

With the DPI3 and DPI2 messages issued to the CFMU from the outstation the FUM

message may be sent to advise Airport CDM and APP about the modification of ETA

before the Off Block Time .


Wp2 presentation

DPI : Departure Planning Information

TOT

  • CFMU : - use Take Off Time instead of ( Off Block + Taxi Time )

  • CDM Airport : - identified like a CFMU partner : CDM-A

  • DPI :-are Informative Messages from CDM-A to CFMU

    . do not re-compute the SLOT

    . system to system message

    . triggered by system events

    . sent automatically

  • DPI DATA : Take Off Timebelongs to CDM-A

  • The consistency between FPL / DPI is the responsibility of the CDM-A

    DPI :For all flights (regulated or not)

TTOT : Target Take-Off Time SXOP : Standard Taxi-Out Period


Wp2 presentation

EOBT EOBT

-3h00 -2hETOT

DPI 3

Taxi = 17’

DPI 2

SDT -20’

ETOT

SDT

Taxi 19’

frozen slot

DPI 1

TOT

shift to first

free slot or

slot swapping

DPI 2

SDT

ETOT

Taxi 19’

SDT

-20’

DPI 1

TOT

CTOT

CFMU

Today

SIT1

EOBT Delay Taxi = 20’

EOBT ETOTTaxi = 15’

Airport

DPI : Departure Planning Information

improvement

slot

pre-allocation

Slot Allocation

frozen slot

In red : milestones

EOBT : Estimated Off-Block Time TSDT : Target Start-Up Delivery Time


Airport cdm vantaa arlanda wp2 proposals

Airport CDMVANTAA & ARLANDAWP2 : Proposals


Airport cdm information system1

AIRPORT CDM INFORMATION SYSTEM

  • CDM Information System

  • Taxi Period Study (in & out)

  • Collaborative Procedures

    . De-icing

    . Pre-Departure Sequence

  • Post Operation Analysis based on CDM KPIs


Wp2 presentation

TAAM

Arlanda

Airport

Modelling

Taxi Time

Simulation


Taxi out period study rationale

TAXI -OUT PERIOD STUDY - RATIONALE

  • In the US, Taxi delay results in the largest direct operating costs of all delays,

  • The average taxi-out delay per flight is approximately twice the airborne delay (ref. ATA study, 2000),

  • Even if aircraft burn fuel 5 times faster when airborne, crew and equipment costs make the spend rate about 2/3 (taxiing aircraft versus airborne aircraft),

  • The cost of taxi out delays in the US exceeds 1 billion USD per year,

  • On average, Taxi out delays is 3 times larger than taxi-in delays,

  • Non-Flexible Taxi-out Periods lead to C/ETOT uncertainty and ATC overdeliveries.


Wp2 presentation

Airport CDMMalpensaWP2 : Proposals


Cdm project proposals for change

CDM Project Proposals for Change

  • Item Definition

    • Improve the Information System according to the CDM requirements (milestones approach, Target Off Block Time...),

    • Define a CDM Service Level Agreement Concept for data exchange/applications,

    • Identify CDM processes,


Cdm project proposals for change1

CDM Project Proposals for Change

  • Item Definition

    • Improve the Collaboration according to the CDM requirements :

      Flexible Taxi Time,

      Pre-departure sequence,

      ATFM DPI messages transmission,

      Airlines’ priorities,

      Disruption recovery…

    • Perform a light Cost Benefit Analysis for each implementation.


Post operations analysis

Post Operations Analysis

  • Objectives (WP 4 preparation)

    • Definition of CDM KPIs (at the Airport Level) acknowledged by all airport partners,

    • Retrieve information from existing systems,

    • Analysis and Compilation into understandable documents,

    • Maintain the data quality

    • On a regular basis, analysis of the results in a meeting with representatives of all airport partners.


Post operations analysis1

Post Operations Analysis

  • Expected Benefits

    • Standard and common basis for all aiport partners,

    • Better assessment of operations efficiency that would help in discussing possible improvements,

    • Better forecasts, identification and quantification of problems,

    • Possibility to have a better view on financial impacts.


Airport kpis

Improve Punctuality

Measure occupancy duration AOBT - AIBT

Measure estimates occupancy in /out block EIBT/EOBT and EIBT/ESDT

Evaluate Turn around time

Decrease S&G changes

Measure the number of changes in the S&G allocation

Measure and compare period between EOBT-EIBT and ESDT-EIBT

Evaluate Security Check-in Period

Measure ESCP (Start check-in time and End check-in time)

Compare ESCP and ASCP

Passengers Information

Change ETD information by TOBT information (no ATFM delay)

Give ESCP (Start check-in time and End check-in time) information

Optimise use of Available Capacity ( S&G, Checking pax and bax )

Optimize S&G occupancy

Count flights request to the TWR with earlier off block time (for waiting bay or taxi way)

Count flights with earlier off block time (accepted by the TWR)

Optimize check-in operations

Count number of ESCP end after the start boarding time

Increase Efficiency

  • Adapt S&G allocation to :

    - Airline preferences

    - Handlers preferences

Measure satisfaction rate: airline, handlers

Improve Bag service

Count number of luggage out of allowed volume and/or weight

Count number of delayed flight with handbag problem after the boarding

Compare the number of Bag containers and the number of destinations

Airport KPIs

  • Estimates Measurements done at different milestones

  • Comparison prior to CDM and with CDM


Wp2 presentation

Airport KPIs

Reduce Environmental Nuisance

Reduce noise on ground

Reduce emission from engines

Measure taxi-in and taxi-out periods by runways configuration

Measure waiting period by flight at the holding point

Improve Safety

  • Reduce Movements Number

    (trucks, bus,…)

  • Measure number of last S&G changes due to overlapping between arrival and departure

    after ESDT -20’


Wp2 presentation

CDM Project Proposals for Change

Proposed Approach WP 1

Proposed Approach WP 2

Comments,Questions


Wp2 presentation

Acronyms

-IBT- IN BLOCK TIME

-IFP- IN FLIGHT PERIOD (EET : Estimated Elapsed Time)

-LDT - LANDING TIME

-OBT - OFF BLOCK TIME

-SDT - START UP DELIVERY TIME

-TAP - TURN AROUND PERIOD

-TOT - TAKE-OFF TIME

-XIP - TAXI IN PERIOD

-XOP - TAXI OUT PERIOD

ADEP AERODROME of DEPARTURE

ADES AERODROME of DESTINATION

AGHT ACTUAL GROUND HANDLING TIME

ARDT ACTUAL READY TIME (ramp operation)

ASRT ACTUAL START UP REQUEST TIME

HOPS HOLDING POINT SLOT

REG REGISTRATION NUMBER

SIW SLOT IMPROVEMENT WINDOW

AATOT ANTICIPATED ACTUAL TARGET TAKE-OFF TIME (CFMU)

ATTOT AIRCRAFT OPERATOR TARGET TAKE-OFF TIME (CFMU)

CTOT CALCULATED TAKE OFF TIME (CFMU)

SIT1 SLOT ISSUE TIME, EOBT - 2h00 (CFMU)

DPI DEPARTURE PLANNING INFORMATION

FSA FIRST SYSTEM ACTIVATION

FUM FLIGHT UPDATE MESSAGE

CDMCollaborative Decision Making

CFMUCentral Flow Management Unit

FPLICAO Flight Plan or Filed Flight Plan

HMIHuman Machine Interface

DARSADelay Analysis Report at Swedish Airports

Rem : first letter -XXX

S for Scheduled , I for Initial , E for Estimated , T for Target , A for Actual, C for Calculated


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