An integrated english course book 4
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An Integrated English Course Book 4. Unit Twelve. General understanding of the text. How does a western family usually celebrate Christmas? What does the title of this text suggest to you? What’s the story about? Discuss the 5Ws in the story. When? Where? Who? What? Why? How?

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An Integrated English Course Book 4

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An integrated english course book 4

An Integrated English Course Book 4

Unit Twelve


General understanding of the text

General understanding of the text

  • How does a western family usually celebrate Christmas?

  • What does the title of this text suggest to you? Whats the story about?

  • Discuss the 5Ws in the story.When? Where? Who? What? Why? How?

  • Whats the authors purpose of Writing?

  • How many parts can the text be divided into? What are they? (p.187)


How to celebrate christmas

How to celebrate Christmas

  • Docarate homes and stores with Christmas trees and bright lights

  • Christmas Eve

  • Expect a visit from Santa Claus,

  • a fat, smiling old man with a red nose and white beard, dressed in a red suit with white fur and a black belt, who rode in an open sleigh pulled by eight white reindeer

  • Christmas Day, Boxing Day

  • Exchange gifts

  • Attend church, which presents special holiday concerts

  • Sing Christmas carols

  • Christmas dinner (turkey, roast potatoes, Christmas pudding)


What s the story about

Whats the story about?

  • (p. 185)

  • The story tells how two parents restore the real meaning of Christmas after being submerged in the sorrow of losing their son as well as Christmas for 17 years.


An integrated english course book 4

5Ws

  • When and where did the story happen?

  • Who was I? Other characters in the story?

  • What had happened to the family?

  • Why didnt the family celebrate Christmas for a long time? For how long

  • What /who made the author refind Christmas?


Purpose of writing

Purpose of writing

  • (186)

  • To relate how she was alienated from Christmas and how she regained the real meaning of Christmas.


Text structure

Text structure

  • Part I (Paragraphs 1-5) Christmas found-- talks about the joy and happiness brought by the coming of Christmas Boy.

  • Part II (Paragraphs 6-8) Christmas lost-- gives an account of the sorrow and sadness caused by the sudden death of Christmas Boy.

  • Part III (Paragraphs 9-24) Christmas re-found-- describes the return of the joy and happiness to the family.


Part i paragraphs 1 5

Part I (Paragraphs 1-5)

  • CHRISTMAS FOUND

  • The first three paragraphs introduce the writers dream, and how her dream really came true.

  • What was the writers dream?

  • She dreamt of having a big family vibrating with energy, life and love, especially at Christmas.

  • How did her dream come true?

  • It came true with the arrival of an adopted son, Christmas Boy, as well as two more biological children.


Vibrate

vibrate

--if something vibrates, or if you vibrate it, shakes quickly and continuously with very small movements , , ; ,

  • The ground vibrated during the earthquake.

  • Their hearts vibrated to the speaker's stirring appeal. (

  • If I could sing your name right now, the cells in your body would vibratewith remembrance.


Language work

Language work

  • 1. but we had not reckoned on the possibility of infertility. --- but we had not expected that we would be unable to have our babies.

  • reckon on --- to expect; depend on (something happening or getting something)

    • Were reckoning on a large profit.

  • infertility --- the state of being unable to produce young


An integrated english course book 4

  • 2. Undaunted, we applied for adoption and, within a year, he arrived.--- Not discouraged by our infertility, we requested to adopt a child. Within a year, we succeeded in adopting one.

  • undaunted --- adj. not at all discouraged by danger or difficulty; bold

  • daunt --- v. to cause to lose courage or the will to act,

    • He felt completely daunted by the difficulties that faced him.


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  • 3. in rapid succession--- the rapid act of following one another

    • His words came out in rapid succession.

  • Cf. in rapid sequence ,


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  • 4. compared with my quiet childhood, that made an entirely satisfactory crowd.--- With three children, my family was filled with a big crowd, which, quite different from my quiet childhood, completely satisfied my dream of having a big family.

  • satisfactory --- adj. good enough to be pleasing, or for a purpose, rule, standard

    • a satisfactory excuse for his absence

  • c.f. satisfaction --- n. contentment; pleasure; fulfillment of a need, desire, etc.

    • He took great satisfaction from playing the piano well.


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  • 5. As our Christmas Boy grew, he made it clear that only he had the expertise to select and decorate the Christmas tree each year. --- As our Christmas Boy grew, he showed his special skill in selecting and decorating the Christmas tree and he became the only qualified person to do those things each year.


An integrated english course book 4

  • 6. rush the season --- to make people prepare for Christmas hastily long before Christmas really came.

  • 7. He pressed us into singing carols, our froglike voices contrasting with his musical gift of perfect pitch. --- He forced all of us to sing carols, even though our voices, compared with his perfect voice with musical gift, were too harsh and husky() to sing.


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  • 8. Each holiday he stirred us up, leading us through a round of merry chaos. --- Each holiday, he tried to excite us and turned the whole family into a cheerful disorder

  • stir up --- cause to move or excite, ,

  • merry chaos --- This is an expression of oxymoron.

  • Oxymoron is a figure of speech in which two words with opposite meanings are used together to describe the same object or phenomenon. Chaos refers to a state of complete and thorough disorder or confusion, which is, however, modified by an adjective incompatible to or contradictory with its original meaning.


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  • There are two more expressions of oxymoron in the following part of the text, i.e. bitter-sweet memories (Paragraph 18), chilly but comforting silence (Paragraph 23).

  • More examples: an open secret, a poor millionaire, a private public man, changelessly changing, audible silence, conspicuous absence, war is peace, ignorance is strength, wealth is poverty.

  • What we can get by using oxymoron in the right context is an unexpected but acceptable, seemingly contradictory but sensible combination of opposites.


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  • 9. Our friends were right about adopted children not being the same. --- Our friends were right in saying that adopted children would usually be different from biological children


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  • heredity--- n. the fact that living things have the ability to pass on their own qualities from parent to child in the cells of the body

  • irrepressible --- adj. too strong or forceful to be held back

    • irrepressible high spirits, an irrepressible talker

  • bossy --- adj. having or showing fondness for giving orders


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  • 10. Through his own unique heredity, his irrepressible good cheer, his bossy wit, our Christmas Boy made our life colorful. --- With his unique ability inherited from his own parents, his cheerful personality, as well as his wit of ordering others to cooperate with him, he changed our life into a colorful one.


Questions for discussion

Questions for discussion

  • Why did the author dream of a big family?

  • How did the author make her dream come true?

  • How does the author describe the importance of Christmas Boy to her family?


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  • 1) Why did the author dream of a big family?

  • As the only child, the author had had a lonely childhood. Especially when she had to spend a quiet Christmas, she was really longing for a big family full of energy, life and love.


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  • 2) How did the author make her dream come true?

  • She adopted a child since they were unable to bear a child at the beginning of their marriage, and named him Christmas Boy. Shortly after his arrival, they gave births to two biological children. Hence, the author finally had got a big family vibrating with energy, life and love.


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  • 3) How does the author describe the importance of Christmas Boy to her family?

  • He is the only person who had the expertise to select and decorate the Christmas tree each year. He stirred up all the family members with gift list and Christmas carols in the Christmas season. And he made life colorful with his good cheer and bossy wit.


Part ii paragraphs 6 8

Part II (Paragraphs 6-8)

  • CHRISTMAS LOST

  • This part describes what kind of sorrow the death of Christmas boy has brought to this family. From then on, the family lost Christmas for 17 years.


Language work1

Language work

  • 11. stop by/in --- to make a short visit to (someones home)

  • Similar expressions: drop in; drop by

  • 12. where memories clung to every room. --- our home where every room would make us recall the past.

  • cling to --- to hold tightly, to stick firmly

    • She clung tightly to her few remaining possessions.

    • Small children cling to their mothers. .

    • She clung to the hope that he was still alive.


Questions for discussion1

Questions for discussion

  • What happened to Christmas Boy as well as his family?

  • How can you know the parents suffered great sorrow at their sons death?

  • What kind of life did the parents live after their adopted son died?


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  • 1) What happened to Christmas Boy as well as his family?

  • Christmas Boy was killed in a car accident on his 26th Christmas after he decorated his parents Christmas tree as usual, which was such a sorrow to his parents that they sold their home in Denver and moved to California in order to forget all the miserable memories left to them.


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  • 2) How can you know the parents suffered great sorrow at their sons death?

  • Paragraph 7 tells us that they were grief-stricken and they sold their home and moved to California, leaving behind their friends and church, as well as the sad memories of their Christmas Boy.


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  • 3) What kind of life did the parents live after their adopted son died?

  • With all the joys brought by Christmas Boy taken away, the parents lived in grief and pain and could not bear to visit their hometown even once in the following 17 years. And Christmas must be the most miserable time for all the members of their family and all kinds of Christmas activities had disappeared from this family.


Part iii paragraphs 9 19

Part III (Paragraphs 9-19)

  • CHRISTMAS RE-FOUND

  • This part tells us that 17 years later, the parents returned to the city, which brought back all kinds of memories of Christmas Boy. However, they gradually realized that they had found the joy of a noisy Christmas of a big family again.


Language work2

Language work

  • 13. We slid into the city on the tail of a blizzard, through streets ablaze with lights.--- We drove into the city at night just after a heavy snowstorm, in order not to be noticed by any acquaintance.

  • on the tail of --- following closely behind; at the end of (metaphor)

  • blizzard --- a long severe snowstorm

  • ablaze --- shining brightly, flashing /


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slide

  • --- to go slowly and unnoticed; to pass smoothly or continuously; slip []

  • slide away

  • slide into(); ...[] slide into bad habits, debt

  • slide over [round, around] , , , ...

    • She slid out of the room when no one was looking.

    • She slid over the question without answering it.


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  • 14. fix ones gaze on --- gaze at

  • 15. We settled into a small, boxy house, so different from the family home where we had orchestrated our lives. It was quiet, like the house of my childhood. --- We settled down in a small house, which was so different from our previous home where, with our Christmas Boy, we had changed our quiet life into a cheerful one. Now the small house reminded me of the quiet house of my childhood, which I had disliked so much.


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  • 16. snowcapped mountains --- mountains whose peaks were covered with snow

  • 17. pull up --- to come to a stop

    • The car pulled up outside the station.

  • peal :a ringing of a set of bells

    • peals of laughter

    • a peal of applause [laughter] []

  • The impatient peal of the doorbell: transferred epithet,


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  • 18. There stood our granddaughter, and in her gray-green eyes and impudent grin I saw the reflections of our Christmas Boy. --- Our granddaughter was standing there, her gray-green eyes as well as her rude smile reminded us of her father, our Christmas Boy.


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  • 19. Behind her, lugging a large pine tree, came her mother, stepfather and ten-year-old half brother. --- Her mother, stepfather and ten-year-old half brother came after her, dragging a large pine tree.


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  • 20. flurry--- n. a sudden shared feeling of excitement, , /

    • A flurry of wind upset the small boat.

    • a flurry of interest in the new product

  • flurry v (pt, pp flurried) [usu passive] confuse and disturb; fluster ;

    • Keep calm! Don't get flurried. ! .

  • Cf. flurr v.


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  • 21. cheeky --- disrespectful, rude

  • 22. shape up --- begin to do right(Its time to get back on the right track and have a Christmas tree.)

  • -- To improve so as to meet a standard: ()

    • Either shape up or ship out.

    • Youd better shape up, young man, or you will be punished.


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  • 23. in a whirl--- in a confusing rush

    • My head's in a whirl; I must sit down and think.

  • 24. You sure as heck can --- You certainly can

  • heckinterj, n (infml euph , ) (used to express mild annoyance or surprise or for emphasis , ) hell:

  • Oh heck, I'm going to be late. , .

  • How in the heck did you do that?


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  • poignant --- producing a sharp feeling of sadness or pity

    • poignant sorrow, regret, memories

    • a poignant moment .

  • rigid ---stiff, firm ; ;

    • Beliefs have ossified into rigid dogma.

  • pew --- the long seat in church for people to sit


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  • 25. We had long ago given up the poignant Christmas services, but now under pressure, we sat rigid in the front pew, fighting back tears.--- After the death of our Christmas Boy, we had not expected to have any Christmas services any more. Now, at the demand of our granddaughters family, we sat in the front seat, but the sad memories stiffened our body and filled our eyes and heart with tears.


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  • 26. soprano--- (a woman or child with, or a musical part for) a singing voice in the highest range

  • 27. In a rare emotional response, the congregation applauded in delight.--- Greatly touched by her singing, the audience gave a big applause to her delightedly

  • 28. relish --- enjoy, be pleased with


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  • 29. We had been alerted that there would be a whole mess of people for dinner but 35! --- We had been warned that there would be a large number of people attending dinner, but we had never expected that there would be 35 of them.


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  • 30. assorted relatives --- various types of relatives

  • 31. exuberant--- adj. (of people and their behavior) overflowing with life and cheerful excitement, ;


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  • 32. bounce--- jump or spring up and down like a ball

  • 33. sort out--- separate from a mass or a group

    • Sort out the papers to be thrown away, and put the rest back.


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  • 34. They took us in, enfolded us in joyous camaraderie. --- They received us and treated us like old friends.

  • take in --- receive and provide lodgings for (a person)

    • The kind old lady offered to take in the poor homeless stranger.

  • enfold --- enclose, esp. in ones arms; embrace

  • camaraderie --- n. the fellowship and good will shown to each other by comrades, esp. people who spend time together at work, in the army, etc.


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  • 35. We sang carols in loud, off-key voices, saved only by that amazing soprano. --- We sang carols loudly, often in the wrong key, but every time we were led to the right key by our granddaughters perfect singing.


Questions for discussion2

Questions for discussion

  • Did the author overcome the heartbreaking sorrow of her sons death after 17 years?

  • What kind of comparison does the author intentionally make between her granddaughter and Christmas Boy? What do you think is her intention to present all these reflections of Christmas Boy?

  • How did the author and her husband change after they met their granddaughter and her new family?

  • Analyze the complicated relationship of the people at the Christmas party to figure out what is love.


An integrated english course book 4

  • 1) Did the author overcome the heartbreaking sorrow of her sons death after 17 years?

  • Even after 17 years, the mother still could not bear to visit her sons grave. The quietness of their present small, boxy house was a sharp contrast to the energetic atmosphere of their family home. The appearance of their granddaughter was the reflection of their adopted son.


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  • 2) What kind of comparison does the author intentionally make between her granddaughter and Christmas Boy? What do you think is her intention to present all these reflection of Christmas Boy?

  • Their similar appearances:

    • In her gray-green eyes and impudent grin I saw the reflection of our Christmas Boy.

  • The preparation for Christmas:

    • The granddaughter: They swept past us in a flurry of laughter; They decorated the tree and piled gaily packages under the boughs.

    • Christmas Boy: He selected and decorated the Christmas tree each year. He rushed the season, starting his gift list before wed even finished the Thanksgiving turkey.


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  • Their similar personality:

    • The granddaughter: You sure as heck can,as bossy as her father had been.

    • Christmas Boy: his own unique heredity, his irrepressible good cheer, his bossy wit

  • Their perfect voice and joyful singing at Christmas party:

    • The granddaughter: Our granddaughters magnificent soprano voice soared, clear and true, in perfect pitch. We sang carols in loud, off-key voices, saved only by that amazing soprano.

    • Christmas Boy: He pressed us into singing carols, our froglike voices contrasting with his musical gift of perfect pitch.


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  • The authors intention is to lay a foundation for the following statement of how they had found the lost Christmas again among a group of caring family members, connected not by kinship, but hearts full of love.


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  • 3) How did the author and her husband change after they met their granddaughter and her new family?

  • Firstly, the parents refused to do any Christmas services, saying that they had not had a Christmas tree for 17 years, and that they just couldnt join them for church and for their Christmas dinner.

  • Then, reluctantly they attended the Christmas party under pressure, and sat rigid in the front pew, fighting back tears.

  • Later on, when they heard their granddaughters song O Holy Night, they recalled the old memories, which were no longer bitter only, but mixed with bitterness and sweetness.

  • Finally, they sang carols happily in loud voices together with caring strangers, and enjoyed the joyous and noisy Christmas party, which they had been refusing in the past 17 years.


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4) Analyze the complicated relationship of the people at the Christmas party to figure out what is love.

  • The parents had no kinship with any people at the party. They had no biological relationship with their granddaughter, her mother, her stepfather, her half brother, as well as all the relatives of her family.

  • However, all these strangers surrounded them and helped them to find the lost joy of Christmas again. For all that they received, they felt great gratitude toward their Christmas Boy, whom they had cherished so much with their love though he was only their adopted son.

  • It is shown that just because they gave their love to their adopted son, as a result, they now harvested great love from all these strangers.


Paragraphs 20 24

Paragraphs 20-24

  • This concluding part is about the writers realization of the real meanings of a true family and Christmas.

  • What is the real meaning of a true family and Christmas?


Language work3

Language Work

  • 36. it occurred to me that a true family is not always ones own flesh and blood. It is a climate of the heart.

  • I suddenly realized that a family is not always made up by kinship (blood relation) and the hearts filled with love for others would surely make up a true family.


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  • 37. Had it not been for our adopted son, we would not now be surrounded by caring strangers who would help us hear the music again. --- I felt grateful to my adopted son, without whom we would not have a chance to spend Christmas with these caring people and hear the Christmas carols again, which we had not had for so many years.


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  • 38. zoom --- (of a driver or vehicle) to go quickly

  • Jack went zooming past in his new car.

  • The jet zoomed low over our heads.

  • .


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  • 39. Once more that day her voice, so like her fathers, lifted in song, and the mountainside echoed the chorus of Joy to the World, on and on into infinity. --- After hearing her carols at the Christmas party, for a second time she sang with a voice similar to her fathers. Her song Joy to the World echoed among the mountains as if it would be passed on unlimited by time and space.


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  • 40. I felt, a sense of peace, of the positive continuity of life, of renewed faith and hope. --- I resumed a peaceful state of mind free of sorrow, through realizing that life will be infinite with continuing love, and I began to hold a new faith in and hope for a life filled with love.


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  • 43. The real meaning of Christmas had been restored to us. --- I found the real meaning of Christmas again, that is, hearts with love, which I had had when my family was filled with energy and love with all my three children around me, but later I had mistakenly lost after my adopted sons death.


Restore

restore

  • restore law and order

  • restore sb. to consciousness

  • restore sb. to life

  • restore sb. to his old post

  • restore a building ()cf. renovate

  • restore the stolen funds

  • restore the book to the shelf


Questions for discussion3

Questions for discussion

  • What is a climate of the heart? Why does the author say that a true family is a climate of the heart?

  • How did the authors biological children treat their adopted brother?

  • Why, for the first time, did the author feel a sense of peace, of the positive continuity of life, of renewed faith and hope?

  • What is the real meaning of Christmas implied by the author?


An integrated english course book 4

  • 1) What is a climate of the heart? Why does the author say that a true family is a climate of the heart?

  • A climate of the heart refers to an atmosphere full of love. The author realized through her own experience in that big family that a true family was one in which all the members were extending great love to each other without caring whether they shared any kinship or not.


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  • 2) How did the authors biological children treat their adopted brother?

  • They also showed their love to him in their own ways: the artist daughter painted a heart-shaped rock on the headstone of her adopted brothers grave, writing the words To my brother, with love on its surface; while the son sent a holly bright Christmas wreath every year.


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  • 3) Why, for the first time, did the author feel a sense of peace, of the positive continuity of life, of renewed faith and hope?

  • When the author saw that her own children loved their adopted brother as usual, her granddaughter and her new family had never forgotten her father and never ceased to love him, she realized that their Christmas Boy was still living in all his family members hearts, and she would not torture herself any more with the loss of her adopted son because she had found him again in their hearts. Thats why she felt a sense of peace. With their love passed on and on, she harbored ()a new faith in and hope for finding a joyful life again.


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  • 4) What is the real meaning of Christmas implied by the author?

  • The real meaning of Christmaslies in our hearts. Christmas is not only a time for family members to gather together, but it is alsoan occasion to show our deep love for each other. As long as our hearts are together, all the family members, living or dead, our own flesh and blood or not (biologically connected or not), will make up a true and harmonious home.


Text comprehension

Text comprehension

  • Exercise III (p. 186)

  • 1. Why did the narrator desire to have as many as six children?

  • Because being the only child in the family, the narrator was bored with the untimely quietude at Christmas in her house and longed for an energetic, lively atmosphere on that occasion, which could be brought about only by a crowd of children. As a result she vowed that she would have as many as six children after she got married.


An integrated english course book 4

  • 2. In what ways was Christmas Boy different from his foster parents?

  • First, he had a music gift that his foster parents lacked. Second, his active, bossy character contrasted with the relative passivity on his foster parents part. He pressed them into singing carols and he stirred them up into animated Christmas activities. By contrast the parents were being dominated on that occasion. Another point is that the boy had irrepressible good cheer, a buoyant () spirit that the parents seemed to lack.


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  • 3. What is meant by Christmas lost?

  • The phrase means two things. First, it means that the narrator lost her Christmas Boy, who was killed on his 26th Christmas. Secondly, it means that the narrator no longer celebrated Christmas in the 17 years that followed the death of her Christmas Boy. It was on Christmas that they lost their son the Christmas Boy and thus the special occasion became a double-edged heart-breaking day for her. So for 17 years she hadnt had a Christmas tree and had given up Christmas church services. In this sense, it could be said that she had not had Christmas in its true sense for 17 years.


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  • 4. Why did her granddaughters solo bring back bitter-sweet memories to the narrator?

  • On the one hand, the girls solo reminded the narrator of the happy timeswhen her Christmas Boy sang Christmas carols together with her and other family members, for the girl resembled her father, among other things, in having a good voice. On the other hand, the Christmas solo also brought back memories of the heart-breaking accident of her Christmas Boy that happened on the Christmas 17 years ago.


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  • 5. How did the narrator find back Christmas?

  • It was with the help of her granddaughter that the narrator found back Christmas. It was the girl who, with other family members, brought a Christmas tree to the old couple; it was the girl who persuaded, or obliged, the old couple to attend the Christmas church services; it was at the Christmas dinner party at the girls house that the couple was brought back to joyous camaraderie and sang carols with others; it was the girl who took the old couple to the grave of their Christmas Boy and led the crowd in singing the Christmas chorus Joy to the World. In short, the girl helped to restore the true meaning of Christmas to the narrator. Thus the narrator recovered from bereavement and found back Christmas.


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  • 6. What does the narrator think is the real meaning of Christmas?

  • To the narrator, the true meaning of Christmas is peace, continuity of life, faith and hope.


Paraphrase

Paraphrase

  • 1. We had not expected that we were unable to bear a child.

  • 2. We produced two children of our own one after another.

  • 3. My granddaughter resembled his father so much in her gray-green eyes and cheeky grin that I saw in her my Christmas Boy.

  • 4. Its time to get back on the right track and have a Christmas tree.

  • 5. I realized that a true family could include people other than ones own children.


Structural analysis of the text

Structural analysis of the text

  • Paragraphs 1-5 are the first part of the text, which talks about the joy and happiness brought by the coming of the Christmas Boy.

  • Paragraphs 6-8 form its second part, which gives an account of the sorrow and sadness caused by the sudden death of the Christmas Boy.

  • Paragraphs 9-24 make up its last part, which describes the return of the joy and happiness to the family.


Rhetorical features of the text

Rhetorical features of the text

  • Oxymoron is a figure of speech in which two words with opposite meanings are used together to describe the same object or phenomenon. More examples: an open secret, a poor millionaire, a private public man, changelessly changing, audible silence, conspicuous absence, war is peace, ignorance is strength, wealth is poverty. What we can get by using oxymoron in the right context is an unexpected but acceptable, seemingly contradictory but sensible combination of opposites.


Vocabulary exercises i

Vocabulary exercises -I

  • 1. taking a child legally into our family as our son

  • 2. children born by ourselves

  • 3. prepared in a hurry

  • 4. routine; habit

  • 5. satisfied with

  • 6. corrected only by


Vocabulary exercises ii

Vocabulary exercises -II

  • 1. B

  • 2. A

  • 3. B

  • 4. D

  • 5. C

  • 6. B


Vocabulary exercises iii

Vocabulary exercises -III

  • 1. bounce off

  • 2. sliding into

  • 3. has been pressed into

  • 4. clung to

  • 5. pull up

  • 6. in succession

  • 7. reckoning on

  • 8. stir up


Grammar exercises i

Grammar exercises -I

  • Had it not been for our adopted son, we would not now be surrounded by caring strangers.

  • Had I known that, I wouldnt have said anything.

  • Should the guests arrive early, no one will be here to greet them.

  • Were I the President, I would make some changes.


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  • 5. Had Susan not been so lazy, she could have passed her history final.

  • 6. Had Harry locked his door properly, the burglar would not have entered his apartment.

  • 7. Had I not seen it with my own eyes, I would not have believed it.

  • 8. Should there be a global nuclear war, some scientists predict that life on earth as we know it would end forever.


Grammar exercises ii

Grammar exercises -II

  • would not be waiting

  • would not be able to go

  • had read

  • had given

  • would love

  • had finished


Grammar exercises iii

Grammar exercises -III

  • Given

  • unless

  • In the event of

  • but for

  • Supposing

  • in case


Grammar exercises iv

Grammar exercises -IV

  • If he laughs last, he laughs best.

  • If you try to grasp everything, you will get nothing.

  • If you give him an inch, he will take a mile.

  • If he had been born in better times, he would have done credit to the profession of letters.

  • If the same thing should happen in wartime, it would amount to disaster.

  • If you should hear him talk, youd think he had passed half his life in Australia.


Grammar exercises v

Grammar exercises -V

  • 1. He remained faithful to his friend. White clouds hang motionless in the sky.

  • 2. There rose in his imagination visions of a world empire. If ever again there happens an accident like that, well have only ourselves to blame.

  • 3. It never occurred to me for a moment that you meant that. Didnt it occur to you to phone them about it?


Translation i

Translation -I

  • 1. Ill give you a week to sort your men out, then I expect things to run smoothly.

  • 2. Whenever we move to a new house, we always clingto too many possessions.

  • 3. She is such a talkative woman that whenever she takes her turn to start talking, her words will come out inrapidsuccession.

  • 4. He will always help in time of need, on this you can reckon.


An integrated english course book 4

  • 5. He slid his pistol into his pocket.

  • 6. My mind is in a whirl with all this noise, I cannot think clearly.

  • 7. The farmer tookin the lost travelers for the night.

  • 8. He smiled, relishing his moment of command.


Translation ii

Translation -II

  • 40


An integrated english course book 4


Dictation

Dictation

  • The celebration of Christmas is a joyful mixture of customs/ that have developed in many different lands/ over thousands of years. Integrated into our customs are ancient Roman traditions,/ early Christian practices,/ medieval pagan rituals/ and Victorian nostalgia./

  • Many customs/ caroling, Santa, stockings, and gingerbread/ originated in Europe./ Americans have embraced these customs/ and added their own special traditions to them/ as they have been passed down through the generations./


An integrated english course book 4

  • The Germans introduced the Christmas tree to America./ Many years before the celebration of Christmas began/ the Germans used evergreens to decorate their homes./ They believed/ that these trees represented life and immortality/ and would protect their homes from evil/ during the coming year./ There are many different stories/ about how the tree first appeared in America/ but the result is the same / rare is the home/ that does not decorate a tree at Christmas.


Cloze

Cloze

  • 1. with

  • 2. into

  • 3. for

  • 4. on

  • 5. different

  • 6. let

  • 7. not

  • 8. such

  • 9. Even

  • 10. by


Text ii one small stone unforgotten

Text II One Small Stone, Unforgotten

  • 1. Why did the author enjoy his visits to the cemeteries when he was a child?

  • Because the cemeteries were quiet, calm places full of life stories. Just the name and dates of a persons life were interesting enough for him. He would imagine whole scenarios about how that person lived and what kind of family he had had. He would infuse the dead of rural Indiana with all manner of mystery.


An integrated english course book 4

  • 2. What made him feel dissatisfied with his life in the rural Indiana?

  • When he was in his teens, he found the life in his home area too quiet and sheltered. What he needed was an escape from it and a new way of life.


An integrated english course book 4

  • 3. What did he learn from his stone-leaving experience at the end of the passage?

  • From this experience, he came to realize that what his father did all the years in the cemeteries, which seemed to be tedious and insignificant, gave the relatives of the dead people a lot of comfort and warmth. Love and care should not be confined to family members.


Quiz vocabulary

Quiz -Vocabulary

1. 2.

3. 4.

5. 6.

7. 8.

9. 10.

11. 12.

13. 14.


Key vocabulary

Key -Vocabulary

1. infertile2. rigid /stiff

3. impudent4. assorted

5. expertise6. congregation

7. reflection8. wreath

9. infinity10. continuity

11. camaraderie12. heredity

13. carol14. holly


Oral practice

Oral practice

  • Topic 1: A proverb goes like this: Blood is thicker than water. Do you think there is any contradiction between this proverb and the way the author of the text looks at human relationship? What do you think is the human relationship?

  • Topic 2: Shall we Chinese celebrate western holidays like Christmas, St. Valentines Day, etc.? What can we do to preserve our cultural identity?


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