Baptism
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BAPTISM. St. Edward Catholic Church RCIA PROGRAM. WHY YOU ARE HERE.

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BAPTISM

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Baptism

BAPTISM

St. Edward Catholic Church

RCIA PROGRAM


Why you are here

WHY YOU ARE HERE

  • “Catholic Christianity is a demanding religion. Many people in many lands converted to the faith but without adequate preparation of mind and heart, and with sad consequences as a result. Lacking in depth of understanding or commitment, or injudiciously baptized in large numbers, the neophytes later drifted back to their superstitions or fell into a curious mixture of Christianity, animism, and moral customs that were incompatible with the high ethical requirements of the Gospel.” (Vatican II)


Baptism overview

Baptism Overview

  • WHAT, WHY, HOW (the rite)

  • SIX SACRAMENTAL EFFECTS

  • SCRIPTURE SUPPORT

  • INFANT BAPTISM

  • ORIGINAL SIN, ADOPTION, GRACE

  • THE RITE AND RESPONSIBILITIES


Baptism defined

Baptism Defined

  • A SACRAMENT

    • THE DOOR TO ALL SACRAMENTS

    • INITIATION, INVITATION

    • GIFT

    • CLEANSING

    • RITE/RITUAL

    • BEGINNING

  • Three types: desire, blood, water


Future questions

FUTURE QUESTIONS

  • SECTION TWO: THE SEVEN SACRAMENTS OF THE CHURCH

    • CHAPTER ONE: SACRAMENTS OF CHRISTIAN INITIATION

    • ARTICLE 1: THE SACRAMENT OF BAPTISM


Why we baptize

Why We Baptize

  • “Unless a man is reborn in water and the Holy Spirit, he cannot enter the Kingdom of Heaven (Jn 3:5)

  • Go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. (Matt 28:19)


Why cont

WHY cont.

  • Required to enter kingdom of heaven

  • Directed by Christ himself

  • We (the Church) know of no other way

  • As the Apostles were directed to baptize we too are directed to be baptized. (Council of Trent)


Sacramental effects

SACRAMENTAL EFFECTS

  • PURIFICATION FROM SIN

    • FORGIVENESS OF ORIGINAL AND PERSONAL SIN

    • REMOVAL OF ALL PUNISHMENT

    • TEMPORAL CONSEQUENCES REMAIN

  • NEW BIRTH IN THE HOLY SPIRIT

    • ADOPTED SON OF GOD

    • BELIEF IN GOD, HOPE, LOVE

    • POWER TO LIVE AND ACT W/ HOLY SPIRIT

    • PROMISE OF SALVATION


Scriptural support

SCRIPTURAL SUPPORT

  • After this, Jesus and his disciples went out into the Judean countryside, where he spent some time with them, and baptized. (Jn 3:22)

  • He said to them, "Go into all the world and preach the good news to all creation. Whoever believes and is baptized will be saved, but whoever does not believe will be condemned. (Mk 16:15-16)

  • Peter replied, "Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.The promise is for you and your children and for all who are far off--for all whom the Lord our God will call." (Acts 2:38)


Infant baptism

INFANT BAPTISM

  • Explicit testimony in 2nd century and implicit in 1st century.

    • One of those listening was a woman named Lydia, a dealer in purple cloth from the city of Thyatira, who was a worshiper of God. The Lord opened her heart to respond to Paul's message. When she and the members of her household were baptized, she invited us to her home… (Acts 16:14-15)

    • At that hour of the night the jailer took them and washed their wounds; then immediately he and all his family were baptized. (Acts 16:33)

    • Crispus, the synagogue ruler, and his entire household believed in the Lord; and many of the Corinthians who heard him believed and were baptized. (Acts 18:8)

    • Peter replied, "Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.The promise is for you and your children and for all who are far off--for all whom the Lord our God will call." (Acts 2:38)

    • Yes, I also baptized the household of Stephanas; beyond that, I don't remember if I baptized anyone else. (1Cor1:16)


Infant baptism cont

Infant Baptism cont.

  • Baptism is called the “circumcision of Christ”

    • “For in Christ all the fullness of the Deity lives in bodily form, and you have been given fullness in Christ, who is the head over every power and authority. In him you were also circumcised, in the putting off of the sinful nature, not with a circumcision done by the hands of men but with the circumcision done by Christ, “ (Col 2: 9-11)

    • Circumcision occurred 8 days after birth.

    • Babies did not understand the significance of circumcision – it was the parents responsibility for the spiritual well being of their children.

  • We inoculate children against “physical disease”, is there no logical parallel for their spiritual protection?


Original sin

Original Sin

The clearest revelation on original sin is found in the Epistles of St. Paul, especially Romans 5:12-20. St. Paul writes:Then as one man's trespass led to condemnation for all men, so one man's act of righteousness leads to acquittal and life for all men. For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by one man's obedience many will be made righteous. [Rom 5:18-19]Adam's original disobedience made us all sinners, while Christ's obedience on the Cross saves us from our sins. St. Paul also writes:Therefore as sin came into the world through one man and death through sin, and so death spread to all men because all men sinned. [Rom 5:12]

St Paul


Original sin1

Original Sin

  • What was the original sin?

  • Disobedience.

  • Wanting to be God and rejecting the gift from God.

  • Where does original sin come from?

  • Inherited


Adoption and grace

ADOPTION and GRACE

  • But when the fullness of time had come, God sent his Son, born of a woman, born under the law, to ransom those under the law, so that we might receive adoption. As proof that you are children, God sent the spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying out, "Abba, Father!” So you are no longer a slave but a child, and if a child then also an heir, through God.” (Galatians 4:4-7)

  • It is a “gift” and we need only to ask.


What do you ask of god s church

What Do You Ask OfGod’s Church?

What is a Sacrament?

  • An outward sign instituted by Christ to give graceBaltimore Catechism

    • A visible sign of the invisible grace of salvation in Christ…

    • Celebrated in ritual,

    • Lived in witness.


What do you ask of god s church1

What Do You Ask of God’s Church?

SIGN - points to something else so clearly that it makes the reality of that which it points to present.

SYMBOL - is a sign consisting of two parts, in such a way that the whole is only visible when the two halves are broughttogether.


The rite of baptism

The Rite of Baptism

  • Sign of the Cross

    • Called by Name

      • What name do you give this child?

    • Called to community

      • What do you ask of God’s Church?

  • Celebration of God’s Word

    • Prayer of the Faithful

  • Anointing - Oil of the Catechumen

    • Exorcism

      • Liberation from evil by calling down the power of the Lord


The rite of baptism1

The Rite of Baptism

  • Baptismal Water (Blessing and Rite)

    • The Church asks God that through His Son the Power of the Holy Spirit may be sent upon the water

      • Water is the symbol of promise fulfilled in scripture

    • Brings about death to sin and entry into the Life of the Most HolyTrinity


Profession of faith

Profession of Faith

  • Baptismal promises:

    • Do you reject Satan?

    • And all his works?

    • Empty promises?

    • Do you believe in Jesus Christ …

  • Renewed by all at Easter and during baptism of others.


The rite of baptism2

The Rite of Baptism

Anointing with Sacred Chrism

  • Gift’s of the Holy Spirit

  • Anointed Priest, Prophet, King

    We anoint you with the oil of salvation in the name of Christ our Savior;May he strengthen you with his power, who lives and reigns for ever and ever.From the Rite of Baptism for Children Page 381 . The Rites, Volume One


The rite of baptism3

The Rite of Baptism

  • White Garment

    • Purity of Heart - The Baptized has put on Christ

  • The Candle

    • Paschal Candle - Christ has enlightened the world

      • Easter Vigil

    • Adopted child of God

  • Solemn Blessing

    • The parents are each Blessed and Strengthened to fulfill their promise


Lord god we ask to have our children baptized

Lord God We ask to have our children Baptized

The primary responsibility of a child’s faith rests upon parents

  • We accept the responsibility of training them in the practice of our faith

  • We will bring them up to keep the commandments as Jesus taught us, by loving you and one another.

  • We not only ask your help but the help of our families and our godparents.

  • May they support us along with the Christian Community as Christ claims our children by the sign of his cross.


Responsibilities

Responsibilities

  • Educate yourselves

    • Don’t just be Sunday Catholics

  • Train, teach, and live God’s love

    • Raise children as you promised

  • Adhere to Church authority/rules

    • Mass, Confession, Eucharist, teachings

  • Example in family and community


What did you receive from god s church

What Did You Receive From God’s Church

A New Creation

Incorporated

Into The Body Of Christ!

Catechism of the Catholic Church 1217-22


What did you learn

WHAT DID YOU LEARN?

  • WHY DO WE BAPTIZE?

  • WHAT DOES IT DO FOR US?

  • WHAT ARE THE TYPES?

  • DOES IT GUARANTEE SALVATION?

  • WHY BAPTIZE BABIES?

  • WHO CAN BAPTIZE, WHAT’S REQD.?

  • FIND ONE SCRIPTURE PASSAGE ABOUT BAPTISM


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