Czechoslovakia the prague spring 1968
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Czechoslovakia: ‘The Prague Spring’, 1968 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Czechoslovakia: ‘The Prague Spring’, 1968. Prague is the capital city of Czechoslovakia. 1948: Czechoslovakia becomes a communist state By 1967, many people felt their communist leaders were out of touch with the problems they were facing Standard of living was falling

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Czechoslovakia: ‘The Prague Spring’, 1968

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Czechoslovakia the prague spring 1968

Czechoslovakia: ‘The Prague Spring’, 1968


Czechoslovakia the prague spring 1968

Prague is the

capital city of Czechoslovakia


Czechoslovakia the prague spring 1968

  • 1948: Czechoslovakia becomes a communist state

  • By 1967, many people felt their communist leaders were out of touch with the problems they were facing

    • Standard of living was falling

    • Trade was doing badly

    • People who publically disagreed with the government were put into prison

    • Leaders of student demonstrations were beaten


Prague spring

Prague Spring

  • January 1968, new leader of the Czech communist party was elected: Alexander Dubcek

  • He replaced the cruel and repressive leader Antonin Novotny

  • Dubcek brought reform


Prague spring reforms

Prague Spring reforms

  • Relaxed government control of industry – left decision making to managers and workers

  • Ended censorship of the press

  • Czech’s were free to travel to other countries

  • Czech’s were allowed to hold political meetings inside Czechoslovakia

  • The Communist Party held meetings with non communists

  • Remained a member of Warsaw pact


Reaction of the ussr

Reaction of the USSR

  • Brezhnev (who had replaced Khruschev in October ‘64) was alarmed by what was happening

  • Soviet’s held military manoeuvres near Czech border

  • Warsaw pact countries held military exercises inside Czechoslovakia

  • Dubcek met with Brezhnev and other communist leaders, promising that the Communists would remain in control, they would remain in the Warsaw pact and that the Czech press would not criticise the USSR


Czechoslovakia the prague spring 1968

  • Brezhnev was not convinced and was afraid that Dubcek’s reforms might be copied by other Eastern Bloc countries

  • Both Romania and Yugoslavia assured Dubcek of their support


Brezhnev acts

Brezhnev acts

  • August 21st 1968, 500 000 Warsaw pact troops marched in and took control of Prague and other Czech cities

  • Dubcek was captured and sent to Moscow (in the USSR)

  • Reforms of the ‘Prague Spring’ were cancelled before Dubcek was allowed to return to Czech

  • Eventually Dubcek was replaced as leader by Gustav Husak


Tasks

Tasks

  • Complete questions on pg. 128 of ‘Understanding the Modern World’


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