Spectrum of Jewish Observance. Dr. Laurence Boxer. A simplified view of the spectrum. Least traditional. Most traditional. Reform Reconstructionist Secular/Humanist Unaffiliated. Conservative. Orthodox, including Chassidim Modern Orthodox others. Prior to 18 th Century ….
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Dr. Laurence Boxer
Scholar of Torah, Talmud, secular philosophy; translated Torah into German, with commentary; author, educator, man of letters
By 1880s, more Jewish immigrants from Eastern Europe – many receptive to moderate reform, but not the radical Reform reforms.
Psalms 90, 4: For a thousand years in thy sight are but as yesterday when it is past, and as a watch in the night.
Hence, modern science does not conflict with Bible’s 6-“day” Creation.
Michaelangelo, Creation of Adam