The Oxbow, by Thomas Cole, a noted Hudson River School artist
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The Oxbow, by Thomas Cole, a noted Hudson River School artist. American Art. Early American Art. Most of early American art (from the late 18th century through the early 19th century) consists of history painting and portraits. Paul Revere by John Singleton Copley (1768).

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Early american art
Early American Art artist

  • Most of early American art (from the late 18th century through the early 19th century) consists of history painting and portraits.


Paul revere by john singleton copley 1768
Paul Revere artistby John Singleton Copley (1768)


Thomas jefferson by charles wilson peale 1791
Thomas Jefferson artistby Charles Wilson Peale (1791)


Battle of bunker hill by john trumbull 1786
Battle of Bunker Hill artistby John Trumbull (1786)


Romanticism
Romanticism artist

  • Stressed creativity and emotion

  • Inspired by nature

    • The American wilderness

  • Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

    • “Paul Revere’s Ride”


Ralph Waldo Emerson artist

  • Wanted American to "ignore the courtly Muses of Europe“

  • Define a distinct vision for American art.

  • Did not want Americans to rely on the Europeans

  • Part of the Transcendentalist movement


Hudson River School artist

  • Founded by Asher Durand

  • Influenced by Romanticism and Emerson’s call for a distinct vision for American art.

  • Painted lush landscapes

    • Many traveled west for inspiration


Asher durand
Asher Durand artist

  • 1791 – 1886

  • Founder of the Hudson River School

    "Let [the artist] scrupulously accept whatever [nature] presents him until he shall, in a degree, have become intimate with her infinity...never let him profane her sacredness by a willful departure from truth."

Self Portrait



Thomas cole
Thomas Cole artist

  • 1801 – 1848

Self Portrait


Frederic church
Frederic Church artist

1826 – 1900


N artist

I

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A

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A

F

A

L

L

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Natural artist

Bridge


John james audobon
John James Audobon artist

  • Drew birds, mammals, plants, and other subjects of nature

    • Drew them as he floated down the Mississippi River

  • His Birds of America is the most important work on birds ever published

  • Today the Audubon Society continues his spirit of protecting birds and their habitats


Influential literature
Influential artistLiterature…

  • Nathaniel Hawthorne- The Scarlet Letter

    • Inspired by the Witchcraft trials

  • Washington Irving- “Rip Van Winkle” & “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow”

    • First American writer to gain fame in Europe

  • Herman Melville- Moby Dick

    • Desire to kill a white whale

  • Edgar Allen Poe- “Murders in Rue Morgue”

    • Wrote the 1st detective stories

  • Walt Whitman- Leaves of Grass

    • Unrhymed poems about ordinary people


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