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The Gothic Novel. Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein. Gothic Novel. Romantics loved the idea of being terrified Eerie and supernatural tales popular Goal: “to make the readers’ blood run cold” Mary Shelley’s intention in her intro . A “little gothick Castel.”. Horace Walpole’s castle

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The gothic novel

The Gothic Novel

Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein


Gothic novel
Gothic Novel

  • Romantics loved the idea of being terrified

    • Eerie and supernatural tales popular

  • Goal: “to make the readers’ blood run cold”

    • Mary Shelley’s intention in her intro


A little gothick castel
A “little gothick Castel.”

  • Horace Walpole’s castle

    • Rustic irregularity

    • Quirky battlements (fortifications for battle)

    • Overgrown landscaping

    • Gloriously imperfect

  • Left in ruins, make it more suitable for the gothic style




Making monsters
Making Monsters

  • Walpole uses home to inspire ghost stories

    • The Castle of Otranto horror elements illustrate royal family collapse

  • Home & Writing inspired new genre

  • Gothic architecture reflected wild, unpredictable aspects of nature

  • Parallel to human aspirations & failures


Exploring unseen evils
Exploring Unseen Evils

  • Allowed people of age to express sense of helplessness

    • Revolutions abroad

    • Industrial revolution

    • Economic change

  • Share the age’s suffering,

    injustice & unseen evils

Left: child labor

Right: French Revolution


Birth of frankenstein
Birth of Frankenstein

  • Mary Shelley biography

  • Author’s introduction to the novel

  • Provide key points


Frankenstein
Frankenstein

  • Plot: protagonist desires to discover the secret of life and ends up creating a monster

  • Setting: Geneva, Swiss Alps, Ingolstadt, England and Scotland, Arctic

  • Point of view: Shifts between characters—Robert Walton, Frankenstein, monster




Frankenstein s characters
Frankenstein’s Characters

  • Victor Frankenstein

  • The monster

  • Robert Walton

  • Elizabeth Lavenza

  • Henry Clerval

  • Justine Moritz

  • Alphonse Frankenstein

  • William Frankenstein

Frankenstein’s CREATURE


Themes motifs symbols
Themes, Motifs, Symbols

Themes

  • Dangerous Knowledge

  • Influence of Nature

  • Identity of Man vs. Monster

  • Destructive force of secrecy

  • Complexity of Storytelling

  • Inability to control creation

  • Importance of Friendship

    Motifs

  • Passive Women

  • Abortion

    Symbols

  • Light & Fire


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