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Iowa’s Earned Income Tax Credit. A presentation to the Senate Ways & Means Committee, Iowa General Assembly. Charles Bruner, Executive Director Child and Family Policy Center February 2, 2012. Iowa Earned Income Tax Credit. Established in 1989 (third state in nation to adopt)

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Iowa s earned income tax credit

Iowa’s Earned Income Tax Credit

A presentation to the Senate Ways & Means Committee, Iowa General Assembly

Charles Bruner, Executive Director

Child and Family Policy Center

February 2, 2012


Iowa earned income tax credit
Iowa Earned Income Tax Credit

  • Established in 1989 (third state in nation to adopt)

  • Based upon the federal Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC)

  • Only applies to tax filers with earned income (and little or no other income)

  • Maximum amounts for full-time lower-wage employment

  • Benefited 252,397 Iowa working adults (13.7% of 18-64 year-olds) and their 266,557 Iowa children (37.3% of all Iowa children)


Value and Cost of Iowa EITC

  • 7% of the federal credit (Iowa income taxes approximately 30% of federal income taxes overall)

  • Maximum benefit of federal/Iowa EITC to tax filer in 2011 (income where EITC phased out)

    • Married couple with three children: $5,666 federal, $379 Iowa ($43,352)

    • Single adult: $457 federal, $32 Iowa ($13,450)

  • 2009 state value to tax filers -- $28.5 million, 94.5% to families with children


Rationale for the EITC

  • Rewards work

  • Helps reduce/alleviate poverty for those working at entry-level jobs/starting out

  • Enables married couples with young children to get by on one income, with one parent at home

  • Recognizes the cost of raising a family in the income tax code

  • Refundability offsets some of the other taxes (payroll, sales, property, gasoline) working people pay


Iowa’s EITC and Iowa’s Tax Treatment of Children

  • Recognized tax principle: income tax should be based upon household size and provide deductions/credits to account for dependents

  • EITC in Iowa is virtually the only recognition of the costs of raising children in Iowa’s income tax code

  • As a result, Iowa imposes an income taxes on most working Iowans with children with incomes between $20,000 and $40,000 in income (between 100% and 200% of poverty), while the federal government does not


Iowa s recognition of the cost of raising a family compared with the federal government
Iowa’s Recognition of the Cost of Raising a Family Compared with the Federal Government


Consequent iowa thresholds for paying iowa and federal income taxes
Consequent Iowa Thresholds Compared with the Federal Governmentfor Paying Iowa and Federal Income Taxes


A First-Step Remedy for Lower-Income Working Iowa Families: Raise the Iowa EITC from 7% to 20% of the Federal EITC


Charles Bruner Raise the Iowa EITC from 7% to 20% of the Federal EITC

[email protected]

505 5th Avenue, Suite 404

Des Moines, IA 50309

www.cfpciowa.org

515-280-9027


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