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1. At the end of this module, participants should have a better understanding of the following:
Elements of Gender Mainstreaming
Basics of Gender Analysis (Why and What)
Conducting a Gender Analysis (When and How) Module 2: Introduction to Gender Mainstreaming and Gender Analysis
2. What is Gender Mainstreaming? Gender Mainstreaming is a process to ensure that both men and women have equal access to and control over resources, decision-making, and benefits at all stages of the development process and projects.
3. Entry Points for Gender Mainstreaming
4. A Strategy for Gender Mainstreaming Clear Policy
Assessment of past Performance
5. What is Gender Analysis? Gender Analysis is the process of analyzing information in order to ensure that development benefits and resources are effectively and equitably targeted to both women and men, and to successfully anticipate and avoid any negative impacts development interventions may have on women or gender relations.
A methodology for collecting and processing information about gender. It provides disaggregated data by sex, and an understanding of the social construction of gender roles, and how labor is divided and valued. (UNDP)
Gender Analysis is conducted through a variety of tools and frameworks.
6. When Do You Conduct a Gender Analysis? Gender Analysis should be undertaken at all stages of a program/project cycle, including:
Identification of the project or activity;
Planning or design of the activity;
Monitoring and evaluation.
7. How Do You Conduct a Gender Analysis? Collect relevant data;
Identify relevant gender issues; and
Integrate relevant gender considerations into planning, design and implementation of a proposed development intervention.
8. What Information Do You Need for a Gender Analysis? Collection of Relevant Data: Sexdisaggregated information for analysis (What is the current situation?)
Identification of Relevant Gender Issues: Understand the institutional, economic, social, and political contexts (What are the differentials and what are the constraints?)
Integration of Gender Considerations into Design and Implementation of a Proposed Intervention: Understand the priorities and needs of both men and women affected by the project (what do they need/want?)
9. Key Questions in Conducting a Gender Analysis Who does what? Are the roles, responsibilities, and priorities of men and women, both within and outside the household, different?
Who owns what? Who controls what? Who has access to what? Are there differences among women and men?
If there are differentials in the above two areas, what are the institutional, economic, and social factors that underlie, support, or influence them?
Will failure to consider these differences in formulating development policies or designing interventions and implementing programs or projects impact negatively in terms of causing undesirable outcomes for males and/or females? If so, how, and what response is appropriate?