Welcome to Psychology 130: Personal Adjustment

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The Psychology of Group Development. FormingNormingStormingPerforming. Goals for this week:. Introduce class and our assistant JessilynMaster the syllabus, google

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Welcome to Psychology 130: Personal Adjustment

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1. Welcome to Psychology 130: Personal Adjustment!

2. The Psychology of Group Development Forming Norming Storming Performing

3. Goals for this week: Introduce class and our assistant Jessilyn Master the syllabus, google “Lee’s site” and chapter one

4. 130 Chapter One: Self-Disclosure

5. Socrates “The unexamined life is not worth living”

6. Paul Tournier “No one can develop freely in this world and find a full life without feeling understood by at least one person.”

7. Self-Disclosure helps with the following: Defining yourself Knowing yourself Getting acquainted with others Developing intimacy

8. Advantages of Self-Disclosure Improves relationships Promotes mental health Produces self-validation Promotes impression management

9. 130 Chapter One: Self-Disclosure “Nobody stands taller than those willing to stand corrected.” —William L. Safire (b. 1929), American journalist, speechwriter

10. Advantages of Self-Disclosure Improves relationships Promotes mental health Produces self-validation Promotes impression management

11. Self-Actualization 1. An ability to accept oneself and others 2. An efficient perception of reality 3. Close, caring interpersonal relationships 4. Autonomy and independence 5. A strong sense of ethics 6. Willingness to grow as a person

12. Interview Questions for Thursday PAGE 41: Write 5 questions you would like to be asked on Thursday. Prepare to exchange questions and ask each other your choices. Goal: to write about how YOU feel as you answer and tell the truth about how honest you were!

13. Today’s agenda: Complete portfolio exercises 1-1 through 1-4 Finish lecture on chapter one Take chapter one quiz Portfolio due dates

14. Exercises 1-1 Reflections questions 7,8,9 1-2 Getting to Know You, complete today 1-3 Getting Acquainted Interview, complete today 1-4 About Others, complete today 1-5 Where does it come from?

15. 1-2: Getting to Know You Type your own answers to the interview questions in your portfolio later at home. You do not have to write anything else down at the time, focus on connecting with your classmates. Use only 3 of the questions from the bottom of page 39. Ask each other to answer 3 different questions.

16. Exercise 1-3 Getting Acquainted Interview Write five questions you would like to be interviewed with and put your own answers to these in your portfolio.

17. 1-3:Getting Acquainted Interview, example questions What would you like your life to be like in five years? Give details on your career, relationship, location, use of free time. What do you do for fun now that you really look forward to doing? Is there something you are really passionate about doing? Why are you going to college? What is something unique about you?

18. 1-3:Getting Acquainted Interview, example questions What really makes you happy? What accomplishments are you most proud of so far in your life? How do you feel when you are asked these kinds of questions? I.e., is it fun to talk about yourself or do you find it uncomfortable? If uncomfortable, why?

19. Exercises 1-1 Reflections questions 7,8,9 1-2 Getting to Know You 1-3 Getting Acquainted Interview 1-4 About Others 1-5 Where does it come from?

20. Directions for Exercise 1-4: About Others, About Self Discuss your impressions of each other Write in your portfolio: Surprises you experienced How easy or difficult this exercise was for you and why. How does this information apply to your everyday interactions with others? What would you like to do to change?

21. 1-4:About Others, About Self Pick a partner you do not know Without discussing anything with them, answer these questions. How willing is this person to participate in this activity? Not very Little Moderate Very ---------------------------------------------------------- Degree of anxiety about participating in this exercise? Not very Little Moderate Very

22. 1-4:About Others, About Self continued Estimate their age ____ Place of birth _____ Marital status _____ Children? Education so far? Nationality _____ Future occupation?

23. 1-4: Interests

24. 1-4: This person is:

25. Portfolio Entry 1-5: Where does it come from? 1). Explain where you receive your emotional attachments and how you, or someone else, might increase these if needed. 2). Explain where you receive your social ties and how you or someone else, might increase these if needed. 3). Not needed.

26. 1-5: Where Does Your Emotional Attachment Come From? Emotional Attachment: A connection with others that contains acceptance and the ability to share your thoughts and emotions and to receive their sharing of themselves with you. Social ties: A feeling of belonging to a group such as your family, school, church, gang, club, or friends.

27. 1-5: Where Does Your Emotional Attachment Come From? Write how much emotional attachment and social tie you get from the following by placing a 0, 1, or 2 next to each Emotional Attachment Social Tie 0,1,2 0,1,2 Significant Others such as boy or girlfriend, husband or wife, parents

28. 1-5: Emotional Attachment and Social Ties (0,1,2) Friends (school peers, co-workers, close friends, neighbors) Extended Family (grandparents, uncles, aunts, brothers, sisters) Support Groups (12 step, weight control, etc.) Teams (sports, hobby groups, singing groups, band, etc.)

29. 1-5: Emotional Attachment and Social Ties (0,1,2) Service Groups (Rotary, Scouts, Habitat for Humanity) Racial, Ethnic, and Nationality Groups Vocational Groups (unions, associations, societies) Religious Organizations Community Groups (neighborhood groups, homeowner’s associations)

30. 1-5:Scoring Add your total for emotional attachments Add your total for social ties If your score is below 5 in either category, seek help

31. Loneliness Most prevalent in teens, single, divorced, widowed, not seniors Causes depression Living together loneliness: difference between expected and achieved emotional connection

32. Overcoming Shyness The book says: Analyze your shyness, learn what situations cause your discomfort Build your self-esteem Improve your social skills I say: manage the imagined risk

33. People Perception Primacy effect: first impression is more powerful than all later interactions Interactional possibilities: your estimate of the chances that you would get along well Prejudice: Pre-judging Stereotyping: preconceived, inaccurate, rigid beliefs Ex. Darkened windows in cars

34. Self-fulfilling Prophecy Expectations become real The repeated thoughts you rehearse in your mind influence your beliefs about yourself Others expectations become your reality

35. Initiating New Relationships Communication: listen actively and plan creative conversation Self-disclose so they get to know you Go where you share interests with people Manage your ideas of risk

36. Ch. 1 Review: What have I learned about myself in terms of my: Self- actualization and growth Self-disclosure Loneliness Shyness People perception Developing new relationships

37. Test Answers Chapter 1 1.Self-awareness is not necessary in order to fully understand others. FALSE 2. Males are unable to be as communicative as females. FALSE, page 5

38. 3. Loneliness is one of the most serious problems in our society today. True, page 10 4. The primacy effect will have no influence on the potential of a relationship. False

39. 5. First impressions are easily overcome by new information. False 6. Being prejudiced and stereotyping is the same thing. False, prejudice is “that color of person is bad” and stereotyping is “all people that color do this”

40. 7. Shyness is related to anxiety, discomfort, and inhibition. True 8. Building self-esteem has nothing to do with improving your social skills. False, good social skills lead to higher self-esteem.

41. End of Chapter 1 Test! 9. People’s attractiveness is unrelated to their self-esteem. True, page 26 10. First impression techniques are universal and cross all cultural barriers. False, page 30

42. 1-2:Getting to Know You, Find a person who: Has a major similar to yours. What is a day at work going to be like? Enjoys karaoke. Where, what songs, with whom? Works at the mall. Where? Can define emotional intimacy. Likes really listening to friends. Is good really good at a sport. Which one? Has a phobia. Which one? Has four or more siblings. What’s it like?

43. 1-2:Getting to Know You, Find a person who: Has been to an amazing concert. Has a spiritual commitment. What does it mean to them? Who is in love. What does “in love” feel like? Loves to cook. What are their specialties? Has traveled to Europe. What did they learn about another culture? Speaks a language other than English or Spanish.

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