Mr. Weiss
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Mr. Weiss. 1932-1933: THE GENOCIDE FAMINE IN UKRAINE. A peasant woman who has died of starvation along a road near Kiev. Peasant woman gathering spilled kernels. Mr. Weiss. 1932-1933: THE GENOCIDE FAMINE IN UKRAINE.

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Mr. Weiss

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Mr weiss

Mr. Weiss

1932-1933: THE GENOCIDE FAMINE IN UKRAINE

A peasant woman who has died of starvation along a road near Kiev

Peasant woman gathering spilled kernels


Mr weiss

Mr. Weiss

1932-1933: THE GENOCIDE FAMINE IN UKRAINE

Soviet Union before its break-up. This is the western part of the Soviet Union. The Ukraine was a part of the Soviet Union.

Ukraine as a part of the Soviet Union


Mr weiss

Mr. Weiss

1932-1933: THE GENOCIDE FAMINE IN UKRAINE

Ukraine Today - An independent country as a result of the break-up of the Soviet Union.


Mr weiss

Mr. Weiss

Major Genocides of the 20th Century – The Century of Genocide


Mr weiss

  • Convention on thePrevention and Punishmentof the Crime of Genocide

  • Adopted by Resolution 260 (III) A of the United Nations General Assembly on 9 December 1948.

  • Article 1

  • The Contracting Parties confirm that genocide, whether committed in time of peace or in time of war, is a crime under international law which they undertake to prevent and to punish.

  • Article 2

  • In the present Convention, genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:

    • (a) Killing members of the group;

    • (b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;

    • (c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;

    • (d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;

    • (e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.


Mr weiss

Mr. Weiss

Genocide

There are four kinds of people in every genocide:

1. Perpetrators:people committing genocide

2. Victims:the people who the perpetrators are committing acts of genocide on

3. Bystanders:the people who stand by and just watch the genocide.

4. Upstanders:the people who stand up to the perpetrators and try to stop the genocide. (One of the key questions is how do we turn bystanders into upstanders.)

Dr. Roger Smith


Mr weiss

Mr. Weiss

1932-1933: THE GENOCIDE FAMINE IN UKRAINE

An Independent Ukraine Is Forced To Become A Part Of The Soviet Union

Russian Empire Collapses - 1917

Austro-Hungarian Empire Collapses - 1918

Ukraine declares independence – 1919

Chaos of Russion Revolution leads to a divided Ukraine, part in Poland and part in the Soviet Union

http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?frd/cstdy:@field(DOCID+su0095)


Mr weiss

Mr. Weiss

1932-1933: THE GENOCIDE FAMINE IN UKRAINE

  • Initially the Communist Soviet Union gave a great deal of freedom to the people of Ukraine

  • The Ukrainian Church and the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, all non-Communist institutions, were allowed to continue til the end of the 1920’s


Mr weiss

Mr. Weiss

1932-1933: THE GENOCIDE FAMINE IN UKRAINE

  • All of this changed once Stalin came to power. Stalin wanted to consolidate the new Communist empire and to strengthen its industrial base.

  • Ukrainian Church was put under control of the Communist controlled Russian Orthodox Church

  • Over a million leaders of the church, intellectuals, scientists, professors, etc were either sent to labor camps (Gulag) or liquidated.


Mr weiss

Mr. Weiss

1932-1933: THE GENOCIDE FAMINE IN UKRAINE

http://www.ukrainiangenocide.com/

  • 1932-33: About 10 million Ukrainians in the USSR died of forced starvation. This was engineered by the Soviet Union and had 3 objectives:

  • Kill a significant portion of the Ukrainian population who had opposed Soviet rule

  • Terrorize the remaining Ukrainian population to submit to Soviet rule

  • Provide funds for Soviet Industrial Expansion (selling wheat, etc.)


Mr weiss

Mr. Weiss

1932-1933: THE GENOCIDE FAMINE IN UKRAINE

  • Hardest hit by Stalin's policies were Ukraine's independent landowners, the so-called "kulaks" (Kurkuly in Ukrainian).

  • In reality anyone who owned a little land, even as little as 25 acres, came to be labeled a kulak.

  • Stalin ordered that all private farms would have to be collectivized.  

  • By the summer of 1932, 69.5% of all Ukrainian farm families & 80% of all farm land had been forcibly collectivized.


Mr weiss

Mr. Weiss

1932-1933: THE GENOCIDE FAMINE IN UKRAINE

  • Historians debate whether or not this was a genocide, based on the strict definition of genocide.

  • Many historians conclude that millions of Ukrainians did die during the period, but that the same proportion of other ethnic groups also died during the same time period, because they were also target by Stalin and the Communist Government.


Mr weiss

Mr. Weiss

1932-1933: THE GENOCIDE FAMINE IN UKRAINE

"They were horrible years! Mothers were slicing their children and sticking them in pots to cook them, and then ate them. My mother went into the field where some horses were dying and brought back a horse's head. About five women bit into this horse's head. What a horror it was; people were dropping dead on the road. If you pierced them the blood was like water. So many people died. I remember every thing in the village, including the time they took the crosses off the churches. Two members from the Komsomol (Communist Youth Organization) went up and took the crosses down. They buried them two meters into the ground and old women would go to kiss that plot of ground...

Nina Popovych, born 1925, LysychaBalka, Ukraine - from Irene Antonovych and LialiaKuchma'sGenerations: A Documentary of Ukrainians in Chicago, p. 32


Mr weiss

Mr. Weiss

1932-1933: THE GENOCIDE FAMINE IN UKRAINE

Then they filled the wooden church full of wheat. During the night mice made their way through the walls, leaving little holes from which women filled their buckets with the wheat. The Komsomol took the wheat from the church, and afterward it stood empty. So many people died in the village that in the cemetery they stopped putting up crosses. During the winter an old woman would take a cross from the cemetery to make a fire in her house so that her children would not freeze."Nina Popovych, born 1925, LysychaBalka, Ukraine - from Irene Antonovych and LialiaKuchma'sGenerations: A Documentary of Ukrainians in Chicago, p. 32


Mr weiss

Mr. Weiss

1932-1933: THE GENOCIDE FAMINE IN UKRAINE

"... On one side, millions of starving peasants, their bodies often swollen from lack of food; on the other, soldiers, members of the GPU carrying out the instructions of the dictatorship of the proletariat. They had gone over the country like a swarm of locusts and taken away everything edible; they had shot or exiled thousands of peasants, sometimes whole villages; they had reduced some of the most fertile land in the world to a melancholy desert."Malcolm Muggeridge - British foreign correspondent - May 1933


Mr weiss

Mr. Weiss

1932-1933: THE GENOCIDE FAMINE IN UKRAINE

" I saw ravages of the famine of 1932-1933 in Ukraine - hordes of families in rags begging at the railway stations, the women lifting up to the compartment windows their starving brats, which, with drumstick limbs, big cadaverous heads and puffed bellies, looked like embryos out of alcohol bottles."Arthur Koestler, The God That Failed p. 68


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