Learning objectives for ketone testing
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 10

Learning Objectives for Ketone Testing PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 62 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Learning Objectives for Ketone Testing. Participants will be able to understand: What ketones are Why ketones are monitored When ketones should be monitored When to contact the parent/guardian or healthcare provider Participants will be able to demonstrate: How to perform ketone testing.

Download Presentation

Learning Objectives for Ketone Testing

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Learning objectives for ketone testing

Learning Objectives for Ketone Testing

Participants will be able to understand:

  • What ketones are

  • Why ketones are monitored

  • When ketones should be monitored

  • When to contact the parent/guardian or healthcare provider

    Participants will be able to demonstrate:

  • How to perform ketone testing

KBN 2014


What are ketones

What are Ketones?

  • Acids that result when the body does not have enough insulin and uses fats for energy

  • May occur when insulin is not given, during illness or extreme bodily stress or dehydration

  • Can cause abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, much like flu symptoms

  • Without sufficient insulin, ketones continue to build up in the blood and result in diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA)

KBN 2014


Why test for ketones

Why Test for Ketones?

  • DKA is a critical emergency situation

  • Early detection and treatment of ketones prevents DKA and hospitalizations

  • Untreated, progression to DKA may lead to severe dehydration, coma, permanent brain damage or death

  • DKA is the number one reason for hospitalizing children with diabetes

KBN 2014


When should ketones be checked

When Should Ketones Be Checked?

The DMMP should specify, generally:

  • When blood sugar remains elevated

  • During acute illness, infection or fever

  • Whenever symptoms of DKA are present

    -nausea-rapid breathing

    -vomiting or diarrhea-abdominal pain

    -fruity breath odor-fatigue or lethargy

    -thirst and frequent urination

KBN 2014


How quickly does dka progress

How Quickly Does DKA Progress?

  • An isolated high blood sugar reading, in the absence of other symptoms is not cause for alarm

  • DKA usually develops over hours or even days

  • DKA can progress much more quickly for students who use insulin pumps, or those who have an illness or infection

  • Happens most often when symptoms of DKA are mistaken for flu and high blood sugar and ketones are unchecked and untreated

KBN 2014


How to test urine ketones

How to Test Urine Ketones

  • Gather supplies

  • Student urinates in clean cup (a little dab will do)

  • Put on gloves, if performed by someone other than

    the student

    4. Dip the ketone test strip in the cup containing urine.

    Shake excess urine off the strip

  • Wait the instructed amount of time, usually 15-60

    seconds, each brand varies

    6. Read results at designated time

    7. Record results, take action per DMMP

KBN 2014


Testing for urine ketones

Testing for urine ketones

Dip test strip in urine, remember to always wear gloves when handling urine or blood

Time exactly as instructions state

Read color change and document

KBN 2014


Test results color code

Test Results: Color Code

KBN 2014


Treatment for ketones

Treatment for Ketones

  • DMMP specifies treatment for ketones for the individual student

    Generally:

    -free to use the restroom as needed

    -sugar-free liquids, i.e. water

    -insulin administered as per consultation with school nurse and DMMP

    -limit physical activity

    -if vomiting or lethargic,

    -nurse/school employee should call parent/guardian

KBN 2014


Learning objectives for ketone testing

GO TO THE AMERICAN DIABETES ASSOCIATION

SAFE AT SCHOOLS VIDEO

CHAPTER 11 KETONES

on the internet at YOU TUBE:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TXYMMguSDxs&feature=share&list=EC3DE9DDE8EB2A2E56

KBN 2014


  • Login