Key words
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 16

Key Words PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 95 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Key Words. Empire - a group of nations or peoples ruled over by an emperor, empress, or other powerful sovereign or government Bourgeoisie – The Middle Class Proletariat – Working Class. Control. Army Civil Service Church Okhrana Russification. Russification. 1898.

Download Presentation

Key Words

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Key words

Key Words

  • Empire - a group of nations or peoples ruled over by an emperor, empress, or other powerful sovereign or government

  • Bourgeoisie – The Middle Class

  • Proletariat – Working Class


Control

Control

  • Army

  • Civil Service

  • Church

  • Okhrana

  • Russification


Russification

Russification


Key words

1898

One of the Tsar’s ministers wrote to him in 1898 and said

‘Your Majesty has 130 million subjects. Of them barely half live, the rest vegetate’.


The backwardness of russian agriculture and industry

The Backwardness of Russian Agriculture and Industry

Behind Britain, Germany and France:

  • Lacked capital

  • Poor infrastructure

  • Labour force unskilled and illiterate

  • No domestic market


Key words

  • Alexander III – determined to overcome this.

  • Sergei Witte – Minister of Finance


Key words

  • Arranged loans from Britain, France and Belgium.

  • Helped to develop the textile industry – employed hundreds of thousands.

  • Trans Siberian Railway – 6,000 km. Opened the empire.


However

However...

  • Long hours, poor pay, high taxes.

  • Russian export – grain. Meant Russia’s peasants would often go hungry!

  • Industrialisation put added pressure onto those already living difficult lives.


Key words

My father and mother lived out their hard-working lives with some friction, but very happily on the whole. Of the eight children born of this marriage, four survived. I was the fifth in order of birth. Four died in infancy, of diphtheria and of scarlet fever, deaths almost as unnoticed as was the life of those who survived. The land, the cattle, the poultry, the mill took all my parent’s time. There was none left for us.We lived in a little mud house. The straw roof harboured countless sparrows’ nests under the eaves. The walls on the outside were seamed with deep cracks which were a breeding place for adders. The low ceilings leaked during a heavy rain, especially in the hall, and pots and basins would be placed on the dirt floor to catch the water. The rooms were small, the windows dim, the floors in the two rooms and the nursery were of clay and bred fleas. Leon Trotsky, My Life: An Attempt at an Autobiography.


  • Login