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Word Analysis, Fluency, and Systematic Vocabulary Development. Denotation Connotation. Reading – Word Analysis Denotation and Connotation UNUSUAL UNUSUAL Denotation - extraordinary Connotation - bizarre. Good writers choose their words for

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Denotation connotation

Word Analysis, Fluency,

and Systematic Vocabulary Development

Denotation

Connotation


Reading – Word Analysis

Denotation and Connotation

UNUSUALUNUSUAL

Denotation - extraordinary Connotation - bizarre


Good writers choose their words for

the effects they have upon their

readers. Word choice is also a clue to

the writer’s attitude toward his/her

subject – tone.


They think about the denotation

of a word – its dictionary meaning

and the connotation – the implied

meanings and associations when

choosing words.


Denotation is the literal meaning of a word connotation is adding attitude to a word

Denotation

is the literal meaning of a word

Connotation

is adding attitude to a word


A word can have positive or negative

associations or connotations. Study the

following chart.


Here is a sample of a word that has denotative meaning and connotative associations:

“She’s my baby.”

Denotation

infant

Connotation

girl friend


Now let’s try one together:

The wordplayercan have two meanings.

The soccer goalie was a realplayer.

(discuss the denotative meaning)


The wordplayercan have two meanings.

The soccer goalie was a real player.

Denotation:

one who plays in a game

(discuss the connotative meaning)


The wordplayercan have two meanings.

The soccer goalie was a real player.

Connotation

one who uses people


Here are some words that have denotative and connotative meanings. On your paper, create a chart like the one below and identify the denotative and connotative meanings of the following words.


The word brutal can have two meanings.

The fight scene in the Two Towers between the Orcs and the travelers was brutal.

Denotation

extremely cruel

Connotation

violent to the point

of entertaining


The word commitment can have two meanings.

The couple has a commitment to each other.

Denotation

a pledge to do

Connotation

an emotional

connection to

another person


The wordtightcan have two meanings.

The dress she was wearing was reallytight.

Denotation

fixed firmly in place

Connotation

good, fantastic, awesome


  • Read each list of words below.

  • Each word has a different connotation, but has the same general denotation.

  • Decide what the general denotation is for each group.

  • Write your answer on the line provided.

  • Then, number the words in each group from most positive connotation to most negative connotation. 1 being the most positive, 5 being the most negative.


  • ___ guerilla___ freedom fighter___ mercenary___ soldier___ terrorist

  • ____________ (general denotation)


  • ___ uprising___ riot___ demonstration___ unlawful gathering ___ protest ___ disturbance

  • ____________ (general denotation)


  • ___ prisoner___ evacuee___ internee___ detainee___ inmate

  • ____________ (general denotation)


  • ___ prisoner___ evacuee___ internee___ detainee___ inmate

  • ____________ (general denotation)


Homework
Homework

  • Go back to slide 18 and write one sentence for each of the words. Make sure that your sentence reflects the connotation of the word (i.e. if it is a negative connotation your sentence should have a negative feeling.)


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