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Gender and adjective agreement. Gender and Adjective Agreement. Nouns and pronouns in Spanish are divided into genders. Nouns for men and boys are masculine . Masculine : amigo, Juan, él Nouns for women and girls are feminine . Feminine : amiga, Maria, ella.

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Gender and adjective agreement1
Gender and Adjective Agreement

  • Nouns and pronouns in Spanish are divided into genders.

  • Nouns for men and boys are masculine.

    • Masculine: amigo, Juan, él

  • Nouns for women and girls are feminine.

    • Feminine: amiga, Maria, ella


Gender and adjective agreement2
Gender and Adjective Agreement

  • Adjectives describe nouns.

  • They have different forms that match or agree with, the noun or pronoun in gender.

  • The masculine form of most adjectives ends in o, while the feminine form ends in a.

  • Raul es romántico.

  • Maria es romántica.


Gender and adjective agreement3
Gender and Adjective Agreement

  • Adjectives that end in e have the same masculine and feminine forms.

  • Rafael es inteligente.

  • Carmen es inteligente.


Gender and adjective agreement4
Gender and Adjective Agreement

  • Adjectives ending in consonants do not an a unless they end in or or are adjectives of nationality.

  • Lorenzo es intelecutal y trabajador.

  • Gloria es intelectual y trabajadora.

  • Sergio es español.

  • Sara es española.


Gender and adjective agreement5
Gender and Adjective Agreement

  • Adjectives also agree with nouns in number.

  • An adjective that describes one person or thing is in singular form.

  • When it describes more than one person or thing, its form is plural.

  • If the singular form ends in a vowel add s to make it plural.

  • If it ends in a consonant add es.

    Joaquin es alto. Paco y Luis son altos.

    Rosa esintelectual. Mis amigos son intelectuales.


Gender and adjective agreement6
Gender and Adjective Agreement

  • To describe a mixed group of men and women or boys and girls, use the masculine plural form of the adjective.

  • Carlos y Ana son románticos.


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