Forms of energy
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Forms of Energy. Unit 5 . Energy. Is the ability to cause changes in matter. Energy can transform, or change, from one form into another. Energy is never used up. Potential Energy. The energy an object has because of its position or condition. Kinetic Energy.

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Energy
Energy

  • Is the ability to cause changes in matter.

  • Energy can transform, or change, from one form into another.

  • Energy is never used up.


Potential energy
Potential Energy

  • The energy an object has because of its position or condition.


Kinetic energy
Kinetic Energy

  • The energy an object has because of its motion.


Sound energy
Sound Energy

  • A form of energy that is carried as waves in a vibrating manner.

  • A type of kinetic energy, because particles of matter are moving.

  • The cause of all sound you hear.


Thermal energy
Thermal Energy

  • Is the total kinetic energy that makes up a substance.

  • Thermometers measure thermal energy.


Light energy
Light Energy

  • Is a form of energy that can travel through space.

  • It can also pass through some types of matter.

  • Travels as waves


Chemical energy
Chemical Energy

  • Energy that is stored in matter and that can be released by a chemical reaction


Mechanical energy
Mechanical Energy

  • The total energy of motion and the position of an object.


Electrical energy
Electrical Energy

  • Energy caused by the movement of electric charges.

  • When you use electricity you are using electrical energy.


Static electricity
Static Electricity

  • The buildup of electric charges on an object

  • Objects with the same charge repel each other

  • Objects with opposite charge attract each other


Electric current
Electric Current

  • The flow of electric charges along a path.


Electric motor
Electric Motor

  • A device that changes electrical energy into mechanical energy.


Electromagnet
Electromagnet

  • A device in which electric current is used to produce magnetism.


Generator
Generator

  • A device that makes an electric current by converting kinetic energy to electrical energy.


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