State of ESMF
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State of ESMF. Cecelia DeLuca NOAA ESRL/University of Colorado ESMF Executive Board/Interagency Meeting June 12, 2014. Common Model Infrastructure. C ommunity reports and papers calling for common modeling infrastructure in the Earth System sciences span more than a decade, for example:

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State of ESMF

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State of esmf

State of ESMF

Cecelia DeLuca

NOAA ESRL/University of Colorado

ESMF Executive Board/Interagency Meeting

June 12, 2014


State of esmf

Common Model Infrastructure

Community reports and papers calling for common modeling infrastructure in the Earth System sciences span more than a decade, for example:

  • NRC 1998: Capacity of U.S. Climate Modeling to Support Climate Change Assessment Activities

  • NRC 2001: Improving the Effectiveness of U.S. Climate Modeling

  • Dickinson et al 2002: How Can We Advance Our Weather and Climate Models as a Community?

  • NRC 2012: A National Strategy for Advancing Climate Modeling

    Goals:

  • Foster collaborative model development and knowledge transfer

  • Lessen redundant code development

  • Improve available infrastructure capabilities

  • Support controlled experimentation

  • Enable the creation of flexible ensembles for research and prediction


State of esmf

The Earth System Modeling Framework

The Earth System Modeling Framework (ESMF) was developed as a multi-agency response to calls for common modeling infrastructure.

ESMF delivered:

  • Standard interfaces for model components

  • High performance libraries and tools for time management, data communications, metadata and I/O, and parallel grid remapping

Metrics:

~5500 downloads

~3000 individuals on info mailing list

~40 platform/compilers regression tested

~6400 regression tests

~800,000 lines of code

http://www.earthsystemmodeling.org


Esmf grid remapping

ESMF Grid Remapping

Somesupportedgrids …

HOMME Cubed Sphere Grid with Pentagons

Courtesy Mark Taylor of Sandia

Regional Grid

FIM Unstructured Grid

  • Uniquely fast, reliable, and general – interpolation weights computed in parallel in 3D space

  • Supported grids:

  • Logically rectangular and unstructured grids

  • Global and regional grids

  • 2D and 3D grids

  • Supported interpolation methods:

  • Nearest neighbor, higher order patch recovery, bilinear and 1st order conservative methods

  • Options for straight or great circle lines, masking, and a variety of pole treatments

  • Multiple ways to call ESMF grid remapping:

  • Generate and apply weights using the ESMF API, within a model

  • Generate and apply weights using ESMPy, through a Python interface

  • Generate weights from grid files using ESMF_RegridWeightGen, a command-line utility


State of esmf

Types of ESMF Use and

Associated Capabilities

1. Wrap components

  • ESMF must represent model grids, fields, and time quantities

    2. Remap grids

  • ESMF generates and may apply interpolation weights

    3. Construct couplers and coupled systems

  • ESMF performs data communications and operations

  • Time, I/O, and utility operations, and

  • Component operations and interactions

Modeling applications

more …

atm

ice

COUPLER/DRIVER

Sequence components Transform and communicate data among components

ocean

ESMF interpolation weight generation

Data analysis and visualization applications

NCL, PyFerret, DOE Ultrascale Visualization Climate Data Tools (UV-CDAT), IRIS (U.K. Met Office), GrADS team, Community Surface Dynamics Modeling System …

ESMF interpolation weight generation


State of esmf

Types of ESMF Use and

Associated Capabilities


State of esmf

Research Inputs andFeedbacks

  • The ESMF team must innovate to support emerging research requirements and new computational platforms in order for the framework to remain technically viable for any non-trivial use.

  • ESMF works with research teams that provide cutting-edge requirements, and that test, evaluate, and provide feedback on ESMF capabilities within their applications.

  • ESMF active research partners are mainly outside of NOAA. They include:

    • CESM and DOE modelers (for grid remapping, coupling architecture)

    • Navy modelers (for optimization, coupling architecture)

    • NASA modelers (for data assimilation, very high resolution grids)

    • Many users of ESMF grid remapping tools (including U.K. Met Office)

  • These interactions (often funded through research calls) make it possible to create ESMF infrastructure that is sufficiently flexible and powerful to efficiently couple components from NOAA research labs and other centers.


State of esmf

Types of ESMF Use byMajor Model/Modeling Center

Yes

Planned or in progress


State of esmf

Sample of ESMF Uses

User Metrics

Sampling of reasons for download (present -> May 20)

Scientific or Technical Interest (Organization, Location)

To be used with RASM model (NPS, Monterey, CA)

Porting GMI (GSFC, Greenbelt, MD)

WRF-chem modelling, HPC: mpi ; coarray; parallel-IO (Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics, Vienna, Austria)

Land Model Coupling (JPL, Pasadena, CA)

This is used by many of our users (climate researchers) with NCL (Deutsches Klimarechenzentrum Gmbh, Hamburg, Germany)

Pollution Modeling (JICS, Knoxville, TN)

Climate change impact on agriculture (LBNL, Berkeley, CA)

Regridding of CMIP5 models (IMR, Norway)

Modelamientos y analisis meteorologicos (Meteorologistic, Villaalemana, Chile)

Regridding weather and climate model output for comparison with observations (UNSW CCRC, Sydney, Australia)

Running CLM for biogenic emission (PNNL, US)

Global electric circuit, massive parallel numeric computation (Institute of Physics of the Earth, Borok, Nekouz district, Yaroslavskaya oblast, Russia)

Atmospheric chemistry modeling (Berkeley, CA)

Make a new grids in CESM 1.0.2 (Princeton University, NJ)

Only downloaders that included reasons are listed here (most do not!)


State of esmf

ESMF Public Release6.3.0r: Jan 2014

Many features and improvements were added since the last public release, including:

  • Grids that have elements with an arbitrary number of sides can be represented and remapped in parallel during model runRequested by U.K. Met Office modelers and others to support during-run grid remapping of model components on icosahedral and pentagonal-hexagonal grids

  • Generate dual grids so that non-conservative remapping methods can be performed on grids that are defined on cell centers (already supported on corners)Requested by NASA GMAO modelers and others as a convenience

  • Add parallel nearest neighbor interpolation methodsRequested by the Community Earth System Model group to support downscaling

  • Users can select between great circle and Cartesian line paths when calculating interpolation weights on a sphereRequested by NRL radar apps and NOAA SWPC for accurate grid remapping involving the long, narrow grid cells in flux tubes, and others

  • Component interfaces support fault tolerance through a user-controlled “timeout” mechanismRequested by NCEP EMC to support fault tolerance in ensembles


State of esmf

Coming Next in ESMFand NUOPC

  • Extend ESMF data classes to recognize accelerators andextend component classes to negotiate for resourcesAdvance toward a long-term goal of more automated and optimized mapping of multi-component models to hardware platforms

  • Integrate the MOAB finite element mesh library into ESMF and compare and potentially replace ESMF’s original finite element mesh libraryInfrastructure development in collaboration with DOE and other ESPC partners

  • Enable grid remapping to have a point cloud or observational data stream destinationRequested by surface modelers for remapping to irregular regions, and by NASA GMAO and other groups engaged in data assimilation

  • Introduce higher order conservative grid remapping methodsRequested by multiple climate modeling groups


State of esmf

What Users Say About ESMF …

User feedbacks from NCAR CGD, NCAR MMM, COLA, the Navy, NASA, and other organizations are collected here (grid remapping or coupled system s):

https://earthsystemcog.org/projects/esmf/user_feedback

This task would have been impossible without the regridding capability that ESMF has provided … made it possible to access a large class of data from ocean and sea ice models that could not otherwise be handled …this ESMF interface is allowing us to provide users with much more functionality than we could before… the technical support was exemplary and invaluable …

  • Themes in these statements:

  • ESMF grid remapping allows users to work with grids that they could not work with before (e.g. some CMIP5 model grids)

  • The tools are fast and reliable.

  • Customer support is excellent.


State of esmf

New Directions

The initial ESMF software fell short of the vision for common infrastructure in several ways:

  • Implementations of ESMF could vary widely and did not guarantee a minimum level of technical interoperability among sites - creation of the NUOPC Layer

  • It was difficult to track who was using ESMF and how they were using it – initiation of the Earth System Prediction Suite

  • There was a significant learning curve for implementing ESMF in a modeling code – Cupid Integrated Development Environment

  • New development directions address these gaps…


State of esmf

New Directions

The initial ESMF software fell short of the vision for common infrastructure in several ways:

  • Implementations of ESMF could vary widely and did not guarantee a minimum level of technical interoperability among sites - creation of the NUOPC Layer

  • It was difficult to track who was using ESMF and how they were using it – initiation of the Earth System Prediction Suite

  • There was a significant learning curve for implementing ESMF in a modeling code – Cupid Integrated Development Environment

  • New development directions address these gaps…


State of esmf

The Earth System Prediction Suite

  • 2. It was difficult to track who was using ESMF and how they were using it

  • The Earth System Prediction Suite (ESPS) is a collection of weather and climate modeling codes that use ESMF with the NUOPC conventions.

  • The ESPS makes clear which codes are available as ESMF components and modeling systems.

    Draft inclusion criteria for ESPS:

  • https://www.earthsystemcog.org/projects/esps/strawman_criteria

  • Individual components and coupled modeling systems may be included in ESPS.

  • ESPS components and coupled modeling systems are NUOPC-compliant.

  • A minimal, prescribed set of model documentation is provided for each version of the ESPS component or modeling system.

  • ESPS codes must have an unambiguous public domain, open source license, or proprietary status.  If the code is proprietary, a process must be identified that allows credentialed collaborators to request access.

  • Tests for correct operation are provided for each component and modeling system.

  • There is a commitment to continued NUOPC compliance and ESPS participation for new versions of the code.


State of esmf

Model Codes in the ESPS

Currently, components in the ESPS can be of the following types:coupled system, atmosphere, ocean, wave, sea ice

Target codes include:

  • The Community Earth System Model (CESM)

  • The NOAA Environmental Modeling System (NEMS) and Climate Forecast System version 3 (CFSv3)

  • The MOM5 and HYCOM oceans

  • The Navy Global Environmental Model (NavGEM)-HYCOM-CICE coupled system

  • The Navy Coupled Ocean Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System (COAMPS) and COAMPS Tropical Cyclone (COAMPS-TC)

  • NASA GEOS-5

  • NASA ModelE


State of esmf

ESPS Code Status

Spanning major climate, weather, and ocean codes, ESPS is the most directresponse to calls for common modeling infrastructure yet assembled


State of esmf

New Directions

The initial ESMF software fell short of the vision for common infrastructure in several ways:

  • Implementations of ESMF could vary widely and did not guarantee a minimum level of technical interoperability among sites - creation of the NUOPC Layer

  • It was difficult to track who was using ESMF and how they were using it – initiation of the Earth System Prediction Suite

  • There was a significant learning curve for implementing ESMF in a modeling code – Cupid Integrated Development Environment


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