Seismology of the mor
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Seismology of the MOR. Earth’s crust is moving and faulted Earthquakes happen along belted regions In 1965, the theory of Transcurrent Faults along the MOR was challenged by Wilson. Alex Turner Dina Freedman GEOG 6950 11.22.11. Transform Faults.

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Seismology of the MOR

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Seismology of the mor

Seismology of the MOR

  • Earth’s crust is moving and faulted

  • Earthquakes happen along belted regions

  • In 1965, the theory of Transcurrent Faults along the MOR was challenged by Wilson

Alex Turner

Dina Freedman

GEOG 6950

11.22.11


Transform faults

Transform Faults

  • Earthquakes at transform faults are generally shallow

  • Cannot exist unless there is crust displacement

  • They are large enough to map (some segments 200 to 800 km)

The transform fault appears here as the long narrow bands that link the end of segments (Macdonald and Fox, 1990)


Focal mechanisms

Focal Mechanisms

  • A Focal mechanism can be derived from observing the pattern of "first motions”

  • Do the first arriving P waves break up or down?


Focal mechanisms1

Focal Mechanisms

Magnitude 5.3

NORTHERN MID-ATLANTIC RIDGE Friday, November 18, 2011 at 06:00:54 UTC


Seismicity

Seismicity

Magnitude 5.3

NORTHERN MID-ATLANTIC RIDGE Friday, November 18, 2011 at 06:00:54 UTC

  • Summery of Evidence

  • Shallow Earthquakes

  • Earthquakes confined to ridge crests and the areas in-between offset ridge crests.

  • Presence of Earthquake Swarms


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