The federal parliamentary democracy of australia
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THE FEDERAL PARLIAMENTARY DEMOCRACY OF AUSTRALIA. Form of Leadership. Australia’s six states represent the six British colonies united to create the Commonwealth of Australia. Approved a constitution which gives the federal gov’t the right to pass laws on certain subjects

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Form of leadership
Form of Leadership

  • Australia’s six states represent the six British colonies united to create the Commonwealth of Australia.

    • Approved a constitution which gives the federal gov’t the right to pass laws on certain subjects

    • Land that is not claimed by the states is called a territory.

    • Territories cannot convene their own gov’t or pass laws. The Commonwealth makes laws for the territories


Form of leadership cont d
Form of Leadership cont’d…

  • Head of State= Queen

  • Hereditary

    • Signs laws, commander-in-chief of the arem, nave, & air force

    • Does approve elections

    • Australia’s prime minister selects someone to represent the Queen in Australia…aka the “governor-general” (fulfills duties and responsibilities of the Queen in Australia)


Governor general
Governor General

  • The Queen is represented by Governor General who is appointed by monarch on recommendation of Prime Minister


Form of leadership con t
Form of Leadership con’t…

  • Head of Gov’t = Prime Minister

    • NOT DIRETLY ELECTED : Leader of the political party with the most members in the Commonwealth Parliament

    • Most powerful figure in Australia


Type of legislature
Type of Legislature

  • In Australia, elected gov’t operates the country

  • Every 4 years, people 18 and older vote for members of the Parliament

  • Parliament is in Canberra

  • BICAMERAL = two houses of government

    • Senate and House of Representatives


Type of legislature1
Type of Legislature

BOTH ELECTED BY THE PEOPLE

  • After the election, the political party that has the most seats in the H.O.R. selects a Prime Minister.

SENATE

House of Representatives


Role of the citizens
Role of the Citizens

  • DEMOCRACY – voters choose lawmakers

  • Voting is compulsory meaning that everyone that is eligible to vote is REQUIRED to do so unless there is a good reason. (such as illness)

  • Australians can be fined or may have to go to court is they do not vote

  • Freedoms

    • Religion, speech, choose jobs, travel, vote

    • Very similar to level of freedom in the US


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