110 th congress
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110 th Congress. Organization and Committees of Congress. U.S. Representatives. Serve only their districts More homogenous constituencies Less inclined to compromise Frequent re-elections 20% from “marginal districts” 6 committee assignments. U.S. Senators. Serve their entire state

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Organization and Committees of Congress

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110 th congress

110th Congress

Organization and Committees of Congress


U s representatives

U.S. Representatives

  • Serve only their districts

  • More homogenous constituencies

  • Less inclined to compromise

  • Frequent re-elections

  • 20% from “marginal districts”

  • 6 committee assignments


U s senators

U.S. Senators

  • Serve their entire state

  • More heterogeneous constituencies

  • Therefore, more inclined to compromise

  • 35% from “marginal districts”

  • 10 committee assignments


Committes

Committes

  • Officers

  • Committees

    • Standing

    • Select

    • Joint

  • Staffs chosen by chairs


  • Importance of committees

    Importance of Committees

    • Most of the work in Congress gets completed in committees.

    • Committees are the workshops of Congress.


    Formation of committees

    Formation of Committees

    • House:

      • Policy Committee selects standing committees and chairs

      • Speaker nominates Rules Committee.

    • Senate:

      • Steering Committee selects standing committees and chairs

      • Majority Leader nominates Steering Committee

      • Majority Leader appoints Select Committees


    Standing committees

    Standing Committees

    • Permanent status

    • Fixed membership

    • Officers from majority

      party


    Duties of standing committees

    Duties of Standing Committees

    • Divide into subcommittees

    • Receive proposals for bills

    • Receive bills on basis of subject matter

    • Kill most proposals

    • Process some into official bills

    • Base hierarchies on seniority on this committee


    House standing committees

    House Standing Committees

    • Internat’l Relations

    • Judiciary

    • Resources

    • Rules

    • Science

    • Small Business

    • Standards of

      Official Conduct

    • Transportation and

      Infrastructure

    • Ways and Means

    • Agriculture

    • Appropriations

    • Armed Services

    • Budget

    • Education and the Workforce

    • Energy and Commerce

    • Financial Services

    • Gov’t Reform

    • House Admin.


    Senate standing committees

    Senate Standing Committees

    • Finance Committee

    • Foreign Relations

    • Committee

    • Governmental Affairs

    • Committee

    • Judiciary Committee

    • Health, Education,

    • Labor and Pensions

    • Committee

    • Rules & Administration

    • Small Business

    • Veterans Affairs

    • Agriculture, Nutrition, Forestry

    • Appropriations

    • Armed Services

    • Banking, Housing, & Urban Affairs

    • Budget Committee

    • Commerce, Science & Transportation

    • Energy and Natural Resources

    • Environment & Public Works


    Budget committees

    Budget Committees

    • Appropriations: How will U.S. spend money to fund government agencies and programs?

    • Budget: How can we build a budget that balances requests from all agencies?

    • Ways and Means: How will we raise funds to pay for agencies and programs? Tax issue


    Select committees

    Select Committees

    • Intelligence (only and Senate House committees that work behind closed doors)


    Rules committee

    Rules Committee

    • Decides order in which bills come up for a vote

    • Determines specific rules governing length of debate

    • Determines if bills can be amended from floor


    House senate joint committees

    House/Senate Joint Committees

    • Economic

    • Library

    • Printing

    • Taxation

    • Conference Committees

      (Closed to public)


    Committee chairpersons

    Committee Chairpersons

    • Select subcommittee members

    • Appoint committee staffs (2000 total)

    • (Powers diluted in last decades

      • Many subcommittees

      • Each members has his/her staff

    • Help determine hearing schedules


    Senate

    Senate

    • Officers

    • Committees

      • Standing

      • Select

      • Joint

  • Staffs of the Senators


  • Budget committees1

    Budget Committees:

    • Appropriations: How will we spend money raised by taxes & other sources

    • Budget: How will money be allotted between agencies and programs?

    • Finance: How will we fund programs?


    Both houses personal staffs

    Both Houses: Personal Staffs

    • 1930

      • House 870

      • Senate 280

    • 1993

      • House 7,400

      • Senate 4,138

    • Work in Home State and D.C. Offices


    Both houses staff agencies

    Both Houses: Staff Agencies

    • Congressional Research Service (CRS)

      (Performs research for legislators)

    • General Accounting Office (GAO)

      (Congress can investigate financial and administrative affairs of any federal program/agency)

    • Congressional Budget Office (CBO)

      (Assess the economic implications and likely cost of proposed federal programs)


    Both houses caucuses

    Both Houses: Caucuses

    • Groups of members who share certain

      • Opinions

      • Interests

      • Social Characteristics

    • Strategize to advance certain causes


    Reforms

    Reforms (?)

    • 104th Congress, led by Newt Gingrich,

      • eliminated 25 of 115 House subcommittees

      • Gave committee chairs more power over subcommittees


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