Cellular Respiration. ATP = A denosine T ri p hosphate. What is it? Energy molecule How? Energy stored in chemical bonds When ATP is broken apart, energy is released Why? ATP used for many activities Muscles, heart, translation, mitosis, active transport, etc….
Defined: Conversion of glucose into ATP
Performed by the mitochondria
Exergonic reaction: releases energy
Who: All life
End Result: ATP
1) Lactic Acid Fermentation: ATP created without oxygen (enzymes are used)
Byproduct: Lactic acid
Lactic acid buildup causes sore muscles
Much fewer ATP molecules are created (2 ATP)
2) Alcoholic Fermentation: ATP and alcohol are created from glucose without oxygen
Performed by plants and microorganisms
Glucose, ADP, and enzymes are joined into ATP
Oh by the way…
Alcohol waste is created
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