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Brian Holdmeyer. Economic Forces and Sustainability. Maslow’s Pyramid. “Sustainable Business”. Sustainability & Financing. Fewer constraints on Financing Better Stakeholder engagement Reduces likelihood of short-term opportunistic behavior

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Economic Forces and Sustainability

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Brian holdmeyer

Brian Holdmeyer

Economic Forces and Sustainability


Maslow s pyramid

Maslow’s Pyramid


Sustainable business

“Sustainable Business”


Sustainability financing

Sustainability & Financing

  • Fewer constraints on Financing

    • Better Stakeholder engagement

    • Reduces likelihood of short-term opportunistic behavior

    • More likely to report Corporate Social Responsibility actions to public

      • Increases transparency

      • More available data for investors


Optimal level of sustainability

Optimal Level of Sustainability

  • Portfolio Approach

  • Diminishing Returns

  • Optimal level is being raised

    • New Government Regulations

    • Changing Social Expectations

    • Innovation

  • Sustainability is directly determined by executives and board

    • Highly sustainable companies have incentives tied to sustainability targets


Leading and lagging countries

Leading and Lagging Countries

Integrated Reporting by Countries

Low

High

Investor Interest

High

Low


Regulations

Regulations

  • Incentives

    • Needed if there are high economies of scale

    • “Learning by doing”

  • Not necessarily effective

    • Fails to induce the socially optimal level of investment

    • Over-invest in socially attractive projects, under-invest in less attractive but more practical opportunities


Market interest

Market Interest

  • Growing interest from investors and stakeholders

  • Environmental and Governance more of an interest than Social

    • Environmental is easier to quantify

    • More data available on Governance


Incentives

Incentives

  • Reduce bribery and corruption

  • Increase in managerial credibility

  • Stronger financial performance

  • Availability of capital

  • Government Incentives

    • Tax credits

    • Cap and Trade

  • Savings can outweigh costs

    • Not always the case though


Resources

Resources

  • Public attitudes toward climate change: findings from a multi‐country poll

    • http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2009/12/11479932/public-attitudes-toward-climate-change-findings-multi-country-poll

  • Corporate Social Responsibility and Access to Finance

    • http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/6766.html

  • Corporate Sustainability Reporting: It’s Effective

    • http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/6701.html

  • Essay: Is there an optimal degree of sustainability?

    • http://www.ethicalcorp.com/governance-regulation/essay-there-optimal-degree-sustainability

  • Is sustainability now the key to corporate success?

    • http://www.guardian.co.uk/sustainable-business/sustainability-key-corporate-success?newsfeed=true

  • Leading and Lagging Countries in Contributing to a Sustainable Society

    • http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/6716.html

  • Market Interest in Nonfinancial Information

    • http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/6841.html

  • Regulatory design and incentives for renewable energy

    • http://econpapers.repec.org/article/kapregeco/v_3a41_3ay_3a2012_3ai_3a3_3ap_3a315-336.htm

  • Sustainability and Capital Markets: How firms can manage the crucial link

    • http://www.europeanbusinessreview.com/?p=3588

  • The Consequences of Mandatory Corporate Sustainability Reporting

    • http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/6691.html

  • The Impact of Corporate Social Responsibility on Investment Recommendations

    • http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/6484.html

  • The Impact of a Corporate Culture of Sustainability on Corporate Behavior and Performance

    • http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/6865.html

  • The Rise and Consequences of Corporate Sustainability Reporting

    • http://www.europeanbusinessreview.com/?p=4538

  • The growing power of non-financial reporting

    • http://bsr.london.edu/lbs-article/611/index.html

  • VIEWPOINT – The role of the board in creating a sustainable strategy

    • http://www.trust.org/trustlaw/news/viewpoint-the-role-of-the-board-in-creating-a-sustainable-strategy/

  • When do firms support environmental agreements?

    • http://econpapers.repec.org/article/kapregeco/v_3a41_3ay_3a2012_3ai_3a3_3ap_3a380-401.htm

  • Why Sustainability Is Winning Over CEOs – BusinessWeek

    • http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/11_15/b4223025579541.htm

  • How to understand and measure environmental sustainability: Indicators and targets

    • http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1470160X11001282


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