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REDD+ FOR THE GUIANA SHIELD Technical Cooperation Project. Initiatives around REDD+ in French Guiana. Fanny MISS, ONF 6 th August 2013 1 st Steering Committee, Paramaribo. The forest in French Guiana. 8 Mha of forest 2,4 Mha of permanent forest estate (developed or in progress)

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redd for the guiana shield technical cooperation project

REDD+ FOR THE GUIANA SHIELDTechnical Cooperation Project

Initiatives around REDD+ in French Guiana

Fanny MISS, ONF

6th August 2013

1st Steering Committee, Paramaribo

the forest in french guiana
The forest in French Guiana
  • 8 Mha of forest
  • 2,4 Mha of permanent forest estate (developed or in progress)
  • 1,8Mha of intermediary forest
  • 1,4 Mha PAG (French Guiana Amazonian Park)-ONF
  • 2Mha PAG
  • Reserves
  • Forests managed by indigenous communities
context

Research in French Guiana

    • Good implantation
    • Know forest resources to manage them
    • Continuous improvement of forest management
  • Why carbon?
    • Climate policy obligations: Kyoto commitment- inventories 2008-2012-…
    • Humid tropical forests = green lung of the planet
    • Only European tropical forest
Context
carbon context of french guiana
Carbon context of French Guiana
  • Kyoto
    • Deforestation in French Guiana
    • France = Annex 1 country
      • 3.3 land use change
      • 3.4 forest management
  • REDD+ in French Guiana
    • REDD+ mechanism : unclear
    • “REDD+ Inspired” or voluntary carbon market: to develop
    • Pass from a “flux” logic to a “stock” logic: to investigate
    • Regulatory framework to value sustainable forest management
    • For ONF: integrate the carbon issue in forest management
    • Sharing progress on REDD+ strategies
activity 1 assessment of forest cover and stocks
Activity 1: Assessment of forest cover and stocks
  • GUYAFOR (2000) CIRAD + ONF : Estimation of above ground forest biomass, network of plots
  • CARPAG (2009) CIRAD : Carbon from the pastures of French Guyana and greenhouse gas emissionsEvaluation of CO2 fluxes in grasslands
slide6

Activity 1: Assessment of forest cover and stocks

GUYAFLUX

  • Context:
    • Project started in 2003, INRA
    • FTH: carbon sequestration dynamics
  • Objective
    • Measurement of forest-atmosphere gas exchanges
    • Tower of 55m height
  • Results:
    • Zero carbon storage or low stock
    • Continue the analysis: relations between compartments, stock/flux and factors of influence
slide7

Activity 2: Improve the deforestation/degradation dynamic understanding

SEAS:Satellite based monitoring of the Amazonian biome

  • Context:
    • Platform for the direct acquisition and processing of SPOT and ENVISAT data
    • IRD (and other partners, including French Guiana Region, CNES), 2006-2011
  • Objectives: satellite data
  • Results:
    • Kyoto project
    • Identification and quantification of drivers of deforestation
    • Statistics to comply with the Kyoto Protocol
    • Data use
slide8

Activity 2: Improve the deforestation/degradation dynamic understanding

SEAS

  • To come:
    • Cessation of satellites SPOT 1 to 4 and ANVISAT
    • Reception of SPOT 5 (end of life at the end of 2014)
    • SPOT 6 and Pléiades images being tested
    • Covering for Antilles-French Guiana
    • Acquiring of additional images on demand and depending on additional funding
slide9

Guyasim: Simulator to explore the environmental impact of different development scenarios in French Guiana

  • Context
    • Strong socio-economic development = plan adequate and sustainable infrastructure
    • Find a compromise between territorial development and forest preservation
  • Objective: «French Guiana simulator» allowing the quantification and mapping of the likely evolution of indicators of environmental services
  • Results
    • Decision making tool to support land use planning
    • Quantify the services provided by the ecosystems
    • REDD component : reference scenarios/ alternative scenarios

Activity 3: Improve modeling capacities to help decision-making process

guyasim example of a development scenario2
Guyasim: example of a development scenario

Quantify and identify reduction or compensation modalities

slide13

MERCI /THANK YOU /DANK U / OBRIGADO

[email protected]

www.onf.fr/guyane

Photo credit: ONF Guyane

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