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REDD+ FOR THE GUIANA SHIELD Technical Cooperation Project. Initiatives around REDD+ in French Guiana. Fanny MISS, ONF 6 th August 2013 1 st Steering Committee, Paramaribo. The forest in French Guiana. 8 Mha of forest 2,4 Mha of permanent forest estate (developed or in progress)

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Redd for the guiana shield technical cooperation project

REDD+ FOR THE GUIANA SHIELDTechnical Cooperation Project

Initiatives around REDD+ in French Guiana

Fanny MISS, ONF

6th August 2013

1st Steering Committee, Paramaribo


The forest in french guiana
The forest in French Guiana

  • 8 Mha of forest

  • 2,4 Mha of permanent forest estate (developed or in progress)

  • 1,8Mha of intermediary forest

  • 1,4 Mha PAG (French Guiana Amazonian Park)-ONF

  • 2Mha PAG

  • Reserves

  • Forests managed by indigenous communities


Context

  • Research in French Guiana

    • Good implantation

    • Know forest resources to manage them

    • Continuous improvement of forest management

  • Why carbon?

    • Climate policy obligations: Kyoto commitment- inventories 2008-2012-…

    • Humid tropical forests = green lung of the planet

    • Only European tropical forest

Context


Carbon context of french guiana
Carbon context of French Guiana

  • Kyoto

    • Deforestation in French Guiana

    • France = Annex 1 country

      • 3.3 land use change

      • 3.4 forest management

  • REDD+ in French Guiana

    • REDD+ mechanism : unclear

    • “REDD+ Inspired” or voluntary carbon market: to develop

    • Pass from a “flux” logic to a “stock” logic: to investigate

    • Regulatory framework to value sustainable forest management

    • For ONF: integrate the carbon issue in forest management

    • Sharing progress on REDD+ strategies


Activity 1 assessment of forest cover and stocks
Activity 1: Assessment of forest cover and stocks

  • GUYAFOR (2000) CIRAD + ONF : Estimation of above ground forest biomass, network of plots

  • CARPAG (2009) CIRAD : Carbon from the pastures of French Guyana and greenhouse gas emissionsEvaluation of CO2 fluxes in grasslands


Activity 1: Assessment of forest cover and stocks

GUYAFLUX

  • Context:

    • Project started in 2003, INRA

    • FTH: carbon sequestration dynamics

  • Objective

    • Measurement of forest-atmosphere gas exchanges

    • Tower of 55m height

  • Results:

    • Zero carbon storage or low stock

    • Continue the analysis: relations between compartments, stock/flux and factors of influence


Activity 2: Improve the deforestation/degradation dynamic understanding

SEAS:Satellite based monitoring of the Amazonian biome

  • Context:

    • Platform for the direct acquisition and processing of SPOT and ENVISAT data

    • IRD (and other partners, including French Guiana Region, CNES), 2006-2011

  • Objectives: satellite data

  • Results:

    • Kyoto project

    • Identification and quantification of drivers of deforestation

    • Statistics to comply with the Kyoto Protocol

    • Data use


Activity 2: Improve the deforestation/degradation dynamic understanding

SEAS

  • To come:

    • Cessation of satellites SPOT 1 to 4 and ANVISAT

    • Reception of SPOT 5 (end of life at the end of 2014)

    • SPOT 6 and Pléiades images being tested

    • Covering for Antilles-French Guiana

    • Acquiring of additional images on demand and depending on additional funding


Guyasim: Simulator to explore the environmental impact of different development scenarios in French Guiana

  • Context

    • Strong socio-economic development = plan adequate and sustainable infrastructure

    • Find a compromise between territorial development and forest preservation

  • Objective: «French Guiana simulator» allowing the quantification and mapping of the likely evolution of indicators of environmental services

  • Results

    • Decision making tool to support land use planning

    • Quantify the services provided by the ecosystems

    • REDD component : reference scenarios/ alternative scenarios

Activity 3: Improve modeling capacities to help decision-making process




Guyasim example of a development scenario2
Guyasim: example of a development scenario

Quantify and identify reduction or compensation modalities


MERCI /THANK YOU /DANK U / OBRIGADO

[email protected]

www.onf.fr/guyane

Photo credit: ONF Guyane


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