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Medieval Architecture. Romanesque and Gothic. Romanesque. First pan-European style of architecture since Imperial Rome. Starts between 6 th and 10 th centuries and ends in the 12 th century. Romanesque (Cont.). Characteristics: Thick Walls Symmetry Large Towers Round Arches

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Medieval Architecture

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Medieval architecture

Medieval Architecture

Romanesque and Gothic


Romanesque

Romanesque

  • First pan-European style of architecture since Imperial Rome.

  • Starts between 6th and 10th centuries and ends in the 12th century.


Romanesque cont

Romanesque (Cont.)

  • Characteristics:

    • Thick Walls

    • Symmetry

    • Large Towers

    • Round Arches

    • Semicircular Protrusions

    • Groin Vaults


Groin vaults

Groin Vaults


Gothic style

Gothic Style

  • Flourished from 12th century - 16th century

  • Originated by the French

  • Much more complex

    • Less symmetry

    • Higher structures

    • Bigger windows

    • Higher Spires


Characteristics

Characteristics

  • High Pointed Vaults

  • Multiple Smaller Towers

  • Notice the skeleton-like structure

Flying Butrusses

  • Pointed Arches


High walls full of windows allows light to enter the interior

High Walls Full of Windows Allows Light to Enter the Interior


Flying buttresses

Flying Buttresses

  • Allowed builders to make higher, thinner walls while maintaining support.


Gargoyles

Gargoyles

  • Warded off evil spirits

  • Some people believed they came alive at night


Notre dame cathedral 1345 c e paris france

Notre Dame Cathedral – 1345 C.E. Paris, France

  • Construction lasts from 1163 – 1345 C.E.

  • The Symbol of Paris long before the Eiffel Tower

  • High point of Gothic Architecture


Chartres cathedral 1260 chartres france

Chartres Cathedral – 1260 Chartres, France

  • Notice the lack of symmetry, architectural detail

  • Dominates the skyline

    • Cathedrals served as the center of the community


Gothic revival in america

Gothic Revival in America

  • Trinity Church - 1846 in N.Y.C. near Ground-Zero

    • 9-11-2001 the church was almost destroyed by the 1st tower collapsing. Trees over a century in age protected the church from serious damage.


St patrick s cathedral 1878 n y c

St. Patrick’s Cathedral 1878 - N.Y.C.


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