Jane schaeffer writing program
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Jane Schaeffer Writing Program. Basics for Responses to Literature. Terms to Know. Concrete Detail (CD) – stuff from the story –the what – can be quotation or paraphrase –

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Jane Schaeffer Writing Program

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Jane schaeffer writing program

Jane Schaeffer Writing Program

Basics for

Responses to Literature

Terms to know

Terms to Know

  • Concrete Detail (CD) – stuff from the story –the what – can be quotation or paraphrase –

    facts; examples; illustrations; evidence; support; plot references; citations; What really happened in the story? ; play-by-play announcer

Terms to know1

Terms to Know

  • Analysis (ANA)– stuff from your head

    - the “so what?”

    - words with feelings behind them that

    you can describe to me

    analysis; interpretation; a character’s feelings; opinion; inference; insight; reasons; color commentator

Terms to know2

Terms to Know

  • Ratio – the amount of CD:ANA in a body paragraph

  • In English the ratio is 1:2+

One chunk body paragraph

One-Chunk Body Paragraph

  • Sentence #1 -Topic Sentence – TS

  • Sentence #2 – CD –starts with “For example”

  • Sentence #3 – ANA - (This shows that)

  • Sentence #4 –ANA– (This also show that; This is because; This is important because)

  • Sentence#5 – Circle Sentence – CS – Sums it

    up and ties back to the thesis

    (As a result)

Sample one chunk paragraph

Sample One Chunk Paragraph

  • In Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone, Harry is a champion to many of the more insecure students at Hogwarts. For example, when Malfoy takes Neville’s Rememberall, Harry takes a broom and gets it back (Rowling 233). He cannot stand someone who picks on others. Harry is now a hero to those less fortunate. He has found a place where he belongs and wants to protect the vulnerable.

Two chunk paragraph

Two Chunk Paragraph

  • Used when the concrete detail are closely related to avoid repetition.

  • Has the basic of Topic Sentence at the beginning and a Circle Sentence at the end.

  • Includes two CD, ANA, ANA, structures with a transition between.



  • Opening sentence – STRONG!

    Draws the readers attention

  • At least three or four sentences

  • Thesis is usually stated at the end.

Sample introduction

Sample Introduction

  • Bravery cannot exist where defense of the weak is easy. Often, in order to help others, a hero must be willing to act in ways that are scary. In Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone, Harry risks much so that he can be a champion for the underdog.



  • Hook – Get reader’s attention


    Startling Information

    All commentary

  • Thesis Statement

    Must include the title of the book

    Must include the subject you are discussing

    Must show your opinion about an arguable topic

Sample thesis statement

Sample Thesis Statement

  • The collectivist society of Anthem, by Ayn Rand, exhibited a grave loss of individuality and innovation among the inhabitants.

Concluding paragraph

Concluding Paragraph

  • At least three sentences

  • All are ANA sentences which give your idea as an ending for the essay.



  • Reflects on what you said in the essay

  • All commentary; no concrete details

  • Does NOT repeat thesis statement or introductory paragraph

  • Should relate your knowledge of the subject matter to the world at large – outside the book

Sample concluding paragraph

Sample Concluding Paragraph

  • When faced with adversity, any of us can be a hero. When faced with someone who intimidates us, it would be to our benefit to look for creative solutions rather than running away. Each of us can stretch beyond our “little boy” programming to become a real man.

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