Jane c schaffer
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Jane C. Schaffer-. High School Writing Process. Terminology. Thesis Sentence with a subject/topic- in science writing this is not an opinion but a statement that can be backed up with facts or data Pre-Writing Getting ideas down BEFORE writing your paragraph- Use graphic organizers here

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Jane c schaffer

Jane C. Schaffer-

High School Writing Process


Terminology

Terminology

  • Thesis

    • Sentence with a subject/topic- in science writing this is not an opinion but a statement that can be backed up with facts or data

  • Pre-Writing

    • Getting ideas down BEFORE writing your paragraph- Use graphic organizers here

  • Concrete Detail- Specific Details or facts (example- use data or evidence here)

  • Commentary- Explanation of the concrete detail


Terminology1

Terminology

  • Concluding Sentence

    • Last sentence in body paragraphs

  • Statement/Assertion- Introduces concrete detail- who, what, when, where, why

  • Shaping your essay- write the thesis and topic sentence of each paragraph before starting your essay

  • Conclusion- last paragraph which is all commentary. In science this is the point in which you would summarize you information or data


  • Terminology2

    Terminology

    • Ratio- One part concrete detail to 2 parts commentary

    • Peer Response- written responses to a partner’s paper


    Always go from general to specific

    Always go from General to specific


    Step 1 pre writing

    Step 1- Pre-Writing

    • What is our topic?

    • Do your research and gather information here!

    • Use graphic organizers to organize your information.

      • What are some examples of graphic organizers?

      • How do we use graphic organizers?


    Get ready to color your world

    GetReadytoColorYourWorld!

    • Materials: When we write, we will use blue, red, and green pens.

    • BLUE is for Topic Sentences (TS)

    • and Concluding Sentences (CS).

    • RED is for Concrete Details (CD).

    • GREEN is for Commentary Sentences (CM).


    Step 1 topic sentence

    Step 1: TOPIC SENTENCE

    • A Topic Sentence (TS) is the top bun of a hamburger.

    • TS = first sentence of the paragraph.

    • It shows the main idea.

    • Usually something that you have to

    • prove.


    Example topic sentence ts

    Example Topic Sentence (TS)

    1) Rising temperatures due to global warming are negatively impacting many organisms on our planet.


    Step 2 concrete details

    Step 2: CONCRETE DETAILS

    • Concrete Details (CD) are the meat of the hamburger.

    • CDs = facts, quotes, examples, etc. from resources or your experiment.

    • CDs can’t be argued with—a CD is evidence that supports your point!


    Example concrete detail cd

    Example Concrete Detail (CD)

    2) Since 1880 the average temperature around the world has climbed 1.4 degrees Fahrenheit.


    Step 3 commentary

    Step 3: COMMENTARY

    • Commentary Sentences (CM) are the “extras” on the hamburger—the tomato, cheese, lettuce, mayo—they make it delicious!

    • CMs = your analysis, interpretation, explanation, or insight into the text.


    Example commentary sentences 2 cm s

    Example Commentary Sentences (2 CMs)

    1) This is causing arctic ice to melt rapidly and the Arctic region may lose all ice by the year 2040 if global warming continues at this rate. 2) This is having negative impacts on many organisms, including polar bears and corals.


    Step 4 concluding sentence

    Step 4: CONCLUDING SENTENCE

    • A concluding sentence (CS) is the bottom bun of the hamburger.

    • A CS wraps up the paragraph.

    • It rephrases the main idea.


    Example concluding sentence cs

    Example Concluding Sentence (CS)

    • If something is not done to change the rate of rising temperatures due to global warming many organisms may go extinct from our planet.


    Ts cd cm cs now what

    TS, CD, CM, CS—Now What?

    • CHUNKING

    A combination of CDs and CMs is called a “chunk.”

    In Science, we will mostly use a combination (or “ratio”) of 1:3. That is, for every 1CD, you will have 3CMs.


    Jane c schaffer

    One Chunk: 1 CD + 3 CM

    Since 1880 the average temperature around the world has climbed 1.4 degrees Fahrenheit.

    This is causing arctic ice to melt rapidly and the Arctic region may lose all ice by the year 2040 if global warming continues at this rate. This is having negative impacts on many organisms, including polar bears and corals.

    Ratio = 1:3


    Let s eat

    LET’S EAT!

    Now you know how to write a one-chunk paragraph!

    Let’s read it all together:


    Step 6 a whole paragraph

    Step 6: A Whole Paragraph

    Rising temperatures due to global warming are negatively impacting many organisms on our planet.Since 1880 the average temperature around the world has climbed 1.4 degrees Fahrenheit. This is causing arctic ice to melt rapidly and the Arctic region may lose all ice by the year 2040 if global warming continues at this rate. This is having negative impacts on many organisms, including polar bears and corals. If something is not done to change the rate of rising temperatures due to global warming many organisms may go extinct from our planet.


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