International Cooperation With Developing Countries OISE Advisory Committee, Oct. 28/07. Wayne Patterson Program Manager for Developing Countries Chair, Developing Countries Working Group. OISE Addressing Developing Countries Collaborations.
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International Cooperation With Developing CountriesOISE Advisory Committee, Oct. 28/07
Program Manager for Developing Countries
Chair, Developing Countries Working Group
Representative from each regional group and front office:
Wayne Patterson, Chair
Meetings open to all OISE
Status of potential partnerships
Development of strategy document
“Brain drain, brain gain, brain circulation”
Plant genome supplements in developing countries
2009 Budget proposal
Global Engagement Initiative to Increase Collaboration
Research thrust will emphasize partnerships with external agencies through co-funding or supplements (Joint Programs with External Organizations: $1.5 million) and partnerships with the directorates with a model structurally like EPSCoR (Bubble Program: $1.5 million)
Learning thrust will extend the PASI concept globally and seek to expand IRES through “IRES Mirror Programs”
Transformative Science and Engineering thrust will be implemented through a pilot (Developing Countries Ramanujan Pilot Program: $0.5 million).
Ramanujan was born in Tamil Nadu, India in 1887. With almost no formal training in pure mathematics, Ramanujan studied mathematics on his own and worked as a clerk.
G. H. Hardy, a towering figure in mathematics, had written several important research papers and influential textbooks. When Ramanujan wanted to get the opinion of British mathematicians to evaluate his discoveries, it was only natural that he close to write to Hardy.
Actually Ramanujan communicated his remarkable findings to several British mathematicians, but it was only Hardy who responded.
Realising that Ramanujan was a genius of the first magnitude, Hardy invited Ramanujan to Cambridge University, England. The rest is history. The collaboration between Hardy and Ramanujan was immense.
The two letters Ramanujan wrote to Hardy in 1913 are considered to be among the greatest in mathematical history. Hardy's initial reaction on seeing the letters was that Ramanujan was a fraud because many of the formulas were known, some were incorrect, and there were no hints of proofs. But then there were several astonishingly beautiful formulas that were correct and very deep. Only a mathematician of the highest class could write them down. So, on second thought, Hardy concluded that it was more probable that Ramanujan was a genius and unlikely that he was a fraud because no one but a true genius could have the imagination to invent such formulae.
NOT a subject of discussion
Could lead to long debates, do we really want this?
Are they developing economies, or developing science communities?
Use an accepted model
World Bank probably the best
Brazil --- mathematics
Chile --- physics
Ghana --- tropical biology
Benin --- rice research, math/physics
Niger --- atmospheric science
Ethiopia --- earth science, anthropology/archaeology
Philippines --- rice research, marine science
Indonesia --- earth and marine science
Malaysia --- marine science
Thailand --- chemistry, engineering
California State University – Northridge
California State University – Fullerton
US University in US-Brazil FIPSE/CAPES Annual Meeting
NSF Day – Tulane University
Council of Historically Black Graduate Schools
Conference of Southern Graduate Schools
US National Committee for Mathematics, The National Academies
University of Washington
Western Washington University
Pennsylvania State University
“I didn’t know NSF had international programs …”
(with the exception of scientists in “field-based” disciplines)
“The State of Science in X”
Where X = developing country
To date: Nigeria, Chile
Forthcoming: Brazil, Ghana, Philippines, South Africa
Noon – 1 pm,
Friday, February 2
G. O. S. Ekhaguere
President, International Centre for Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Professor, Department of Mathematics, University of Ibadan
Dr. Ekhaguere is a leader among African mathematicians and physicists. He also recently served in the leadership of the Association of African Universities in Accra, Ghana. His studies were at Ibadan, Imperial College (London) and the University of London where he earned his Ph.D. in mathematical physics. In addition to being a faculty member at Ibadan since his Ph.D., he has been a visiting professor at Heidelberg, Bochum, Rome, Fukuoka, Western Cape, and the International Centre for Theoretical Physics in Trieste.
Further information: Wayne Patterson, [email protected] or 8189
Noon – 1 pm,
Monday, May 7
Director of the Escuela de Ingeniería Informática
Diego Portales University
Sergio Mujica received his PhD from the Henry Samueli School of Engineering and Applied Science, University of California, Los Angeles. His main areas of interest are: the effective use of Internet, autonomous agent networks, distributed systems, grid computing, computer system security and the Open Source software impact. He has previously taught at the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, and later the Universidad de Santiago, where he contributed to the creation of Chile’s first Computer Science programs.
He has served as a consultant for major firms, such as BCI Bank, Scotiabank, Banco de chile, Banco O’Higgins, Automóvil Club de Chile, IBM, Adexus, Lever Chile, Lotería de Concepción, and others.
He is a member and Co-founder of the Sociedad Chilena de Ciencia de la Computación (SCCC), Member of the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), Member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE), and Director of MundoOS. The IEEE has awarded him a recognition diploma for outstanding services to the Chilean Section of the Institute.
Further information: Wayne Patterson, [email protected] or 8189
A “sandwich program” is normally thought of as a collaborative degree program between two institutions where the student in the program is required to complete part of the program at an institution other than the home institution --- in other words, the home institution provides both slices of bread, and the visited institution the meat in the middle.
I had conducted a preliminary study of sandwich programs in 1999 while serving as Dean-in-Residence at the Council of Graduate Schools. Because the response to my inquiries concerning the existence of sandwich programs was so meager, I didn’t write up my findings.
To my mild surprise, I have now received descriptions of literally dozens of such programs. The majority of them do NOT involve US institutions. There are North-North sandwiches (perhaps to be expected), North-South sandwiches, and also South-South sandwiches.
As part of a regular Developing Countries Working Group in the Office of International Science and Engineering, interest was expressed in having a “think tank” discussion on the potential impact of the proposed “$100 computer” for children and others in developing countries. At the same time, because of a dramatically increasing interest and commitment at the National Science Foundation in supporting cyberinfrastructure through high-performance computing, it was also decided to consider the impact of this movement on science in developing countries as well.
Consequently, we developed a series of questions on these issues, and distributed them to a group of knowledgeable and thoughtful individuals throughout the world. The responses contained herein deliberately do not reflect lengthy study --- the questions were posed one week ago. Rather they reflect the instinctive and, in this view, perceptive responses of a very diverse group of individuals.