Enlightenment
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 17

Enlightenment PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 40 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Enlightenment. Lesson 1: Philosophy in the Age of Reason Chapter 5.1. Objectives. Describe how scientific progress promoted trust in human reason. Explain how the social contract and separation of powers affected views on government Outline how new ideas affected society and the economy.

Download Presentation

Enlightenment

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Enlightenment

Enlightenment

Lesson 1: Philosophy in the Age of Reason

Chapter 5.1


Objectives

Objectives

  • Describe how scientific progress promoted trust in human reason.

  • Explain how the social contract and separation of powers affected views on government

  • Outline how new ideas affected society and the economy


Big idea

Big Idea

  • Enlightenment thinkers tried to apply the law as of nature to human society. Their political ideas included the concepts of natural rights, separation of powers, checks and balances, and Freedom of thought. Their economic ideas included the policies of laissez faire and a free market.


Warm up

Warm up

  • Please complete the “Do Now” activity on your daily notes sheet.


Focus questions

Focus Questions

  • What is the role of government in our life?

  • How did government change throughout modern history?


Government during the middle ages

Government during the Middle Ages

  • Absolutism

  • The “divine right of rule”

  • The feudal system


Progress and reason

Progress and Reason

  • Scientific Revolution

    • 1500s & 1600s

  • Advancements in the 1700s

    • Joseph Priestley

    • Antoine Lavoisier

    • Edward Jenner- small pox

  • Natural Laws

  • Enlightenment


Think pair share

Think-Pair-Share

  • How did the achievements of the Scientific Revolution contribute to the Enlightenment?


Social contract

Social Contract

  • Hobbes

    • Leviathan

      • People are naturally cruel, greedy and selfish

    • Social contract

      • Gave up state of nature for an organized society

  • Locke

    • People are basically reasonable & moral

    • Natural Rights

      • Life, liberty, property

    • Two Treatises of Government

      • Govt to protect natural rights

      • People have the right to overthrow the govt


Think pair share1

Think-Pair-Share

  • Who do you agree with more- Locke or Hobbes? Why.


Separation of powers

Separation of Powers

  • Montesquieu

    • 1700s

    • Studied Euro govts

  • Spirit of Laws

    • 3 branches- Legislative, Executive, Judicial

      • Checks and balances


Philosophes lovers of wisdom

Philosophes (“lovers of Wisdom”)

  • Voltaire

    • Francois-Marie Arouet

    • Targeted corrupt officials and idle aristocrats

    • Battled inequality, injustice and superstition

    • Freedom of speech

    • Exiled

  • Denis Diderot

  • 28-volume Encyclopedia

    • Govt, philosophy, religion

    • Articles by leading thinkers

    • Denounced slavery, praised freedom of expression, urged edu

  • Critics

    • Govt- attack on public morals

    • Catholic Church


Philosophes

Philosophes

  • Rousseau

    • Poor upbringing

    • People in their natural state are basically good

  • The Social Contract

    • Some controls needed, but minimal

      • freely elected govts

    • Community above individual


Women

Women

  • Salon Activity

  • Women and Enlightenment

    • Limited rights

    • Excluded from Social Contract

      • Germaine de Stael

      • Catharine Macaulay

      • Mary Wollstonecraft

        • A Vindication of the Rights of Women


New economic thinking

New Economic Thinking

  • Physiocrats- focus on economic reports, looking at rational laws to define economic system

  • Laissez-Faire

    • Business operates w/little to no govt

  • Adam Smith

    • British economist

    • The Wealth of Nations

      • Manufacturing, trade, wages, profits, and econ growth linked to supply and demand

    • Govt duty to protect society, administer justice, provide public works


Activity

Activity

  • Think of ways to remember the other philosophes. The cornier the better!!!


Closure

Closure

  • How did the new economic thinking reflect Enlightenment?


  • Login