Terrorism. “On September the 11th, enemies of freedom committed an act of war against our country… Either you are with us or you are with the terrorists. ~ President George W. Bush, 20 Sep 2001
“On September the 11th, enemies of freedom committed an act of war against our country… Either you are with us or you are with the terrorists.
~ President George W. Bush, 20 Sep 2001
“…the American people should remain vigilant…. Those plotting against us seek not only to undermine our security, but also the open society and the values that we cherish as Americans.
~ President Barack Obama, 28 Dec 2009
Hassan-iSabbah, Iranian missionary who founded the Hashshashin
Radical Shiite Muqtada al-Sadr
“Terrorism constitutes the illegitimate use of force to achieve a political objective when innocent people are targeted.”
Department of Defense:
“The unlawful use or threatened use of force or violence against individuals or property to coerce or intimidate governments or societies, often to achieve political, religious, or ideological objectives.”
The unlawful use of violence or threat of violence to instill fear and coerce governments or societies. Terrorism is often motivated by religious, political, or other ideological beliefs and committed in the pursuit of goals that are usually political.
- Joint Publication 3-07.2, Antiterrorism
Guerilla vs. Terrorism
2004: Train bombings in Spain Group responsible for attack has link to Al Qaeda
“There’s nothing wrong with being a terrorist, as long as you win.”
(Paul Watson, Sea Shepherd Conservation Society)
Pre-attack surveillance and planning: Quantity and quality of data gathering increases, and usually is gathered over days to weeks
Attack rehearsal: Often includes relocation to target site, testing of security responsiveness and escape routes, and checking equipment performance
Action: Generally, goal is to get in, get the job done, and get out before security forces can react
Escape and exploitation: Escape plans well rehearsed and exploitation of successful attack vital to achieve desired effect
“Between now and 2015 terrorist tactics will become increasingly sophisticated and designed to achieve mass casualties.” (National Intelligence Council)
Egyptian President Anwar al-Sadat (top right) and Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin (below)
Sep 2004: Chechen terrorists took hundreds of school children and adults hostage in Beslan, Russia
Oct 2002: Ingrid Betancourt kidnapped by the FARC; still missing
1976: Highjacked Flight 139 out of Tel Aviv was diverted to Entebbe, Uganda. Israeli forces, led by Col Yoni Netanyahu, rescued the hostages in Operation Thunderbolt. Netanyahu was the only military casualty.
April 2005: Insurgents led a coordinated attack on Abu Ghraib prison; intended to free detainees and kill US forces… FAILED!
1995: Terror group Aum Shinrikyo released Sarin gas in the Tokyo subway, injuring thousands and killing 12 people
“Acquiring weapons (WMD) for the defense of Muslims is a religious duty.” (Osama Bin Laden)
Terrorist Attacks 1970-2007
two distinct perspectives:
heavily populated areas to an isolated base
warships in high-risk areas
“Asymmetric challenges can arise across the spectrum of conflict that
will confront US forces in a theater of operations or on US soil.”
(National Intelligence Council)
“States with poor governance; ethnic, cultural, or religious tensions; weak economies; and porous borders will be prime breeding grounds for terrorism.”
(National Intelligence Council)
“We will not tire, we will not falter, and we will not fail.” —President Bush, 20 Sep 2001