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Review Questions. The first man to translate the Bible into his own common language was Queen Elizabeth King Henry VIII John Calvin Martin Luther. Martin Luther did a very humanist thing by translating the Bible into German. Review Questions.

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Review Questions

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Review questions

Review Questions

  • The first man to translate the Bible into his own common language was

    • Queen Elizabeth

    • King Henry VIII

    • John Calvin

    • Martin Luther

Martin Luther did a very humanist thing by translating the Bible into German

Review questions1

Review Questions

  • The route depicted on this map was first travelled by

    • Ferdinand Magellan

    • Vasco da Gama

    • Erasmus

    • Christopher Columbus

Vasco da Gama explored for Portugal and was the first to round the horn of Africa

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2. A Spanish explorer learning Aztec languages, an Incan becoming Christian, a European eating new foods like potatoes, slaves being taken to the New World, and an Englishman marrying a Native American woman are all examples of

  • Slave trade

  • New inventions

  • Atlantic Trade

  • Columbian Exchange

The Columbian Exchange brought cultures all over the world in contact with each other’s customs, beliefs, and goods.

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3. He believed that India could be reached by sailing west and discovered what would be known as the Americas.

  • Vasco do Gama

  • Samuel de Champlain

  • Ferdinand Magellan

  • Christopher Columbus

Columbus discovered the “new world’ but thought he landed in India; thus that area of the Caribbean was called the “West Indies”

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4. The invention that had the greatest impact on exploration was the

  • Smaller ships

  • astrolabe

  • compass

  • Printing press

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5. If you were a native American living in the new world, you would probably feel ______ about/by the Columbian Exchange

  • Apathetic

  • Elated

  • Dismayed

  • Amused

The Columbian Exchange killed off most of the native Americans and those who survived were often taken as slaves

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6. Which country was the first to successfully embark on long range voyages during the age of exploration?

  • Portugal

  • France

  • Spain

  • England

Portuguese Prince Henry the Navigator started a school for navigation and successfully explored the West Coast of Africa

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Choose the name for the government that ruled a “free” France for 2 years after Hitler attacked.

  • Vichy

  • Verdun

  • Venice

  • Versailles

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Who was the American commander of the Pacific campaign?

General Douglas MacArthur

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Pick the reason that is NOT a cause of WWII

  • nationalism

  • Hitler

  • The Russian Revolution

  • Treaty of Versailles

The Russian revolution caused suffering in Russia but didn’t affect the rest of Europe as much

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Who was not a member of the ‘allied’ nations

  • Italy

  • Russia

  • Japan

  • France

Italy dropped out two years into the war.

Russia joined because Hitler attacked them.

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Who was the dictator of Russia during WWII?


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What is the name of the plans that Stalin undertook to industrialize his country and where he moved all the peasants onto collective work farms?

The Five Year Plans

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What is the vocabulary word that means “hatred of Jews”, which many people in Europe felt even before Hitler starting talking about eliminating them?


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What is the name of the battle where Hitler’s 9th Army attacked the Russian capital city, named after its dictator, and completely demolished it?

Battle of Stalingrad

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What is the “discovery” that U.S. troops found in Germany when they crossed the Rhine River?

Concentration camps

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What is the largest concentration camp in Poland?


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The Potsdam Conference is important because it

  • Created the conditions for the Cold War to happen

  • Made Stalin angry because he thought the Soviet Union should get more land

  • Was the third major conference between the Big Three

  • None of the above

It put the U.S. and Soviet Union in control of different parts of Germany

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T or F: China was a member of the AXIS powers in WWII.


China was attacked and controlled by Japan before and during WWII

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Where did U.S. troops attack first in WWII?

  • N. Africa

  • Japan

  • Germany

  • Russia

They weren’t prepared for the hot and arid conditions they would face fighting in the Sahara Desert but Germany had troops there too

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Caused joining WWI

Pick the reason that the United States joined the war?

  • The sinking of the Lusitania

  • The bombing of oil refineries on the California coast

  • The bombing of Pearl Harbor

  • The bombing of London

Happened after pearl harbor

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What does D-Day, otherwise known as Operation Overlord, refer to in WWII?

  • When U.S. troops attacked the beaches of Japan

  • When U.S. troops stormed the beaches of Normandy, France

  • When U.S. troops finally crossed into Germany

  • When U.S. troops dropped the A-bomb on Japan

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The Marshall Plan said we should pay to rebuild Europe with the purpose, or goal, of

  • Keeping communism from taking hold there

  • Making competitive economies to ours

  • Alleviating hunger

  • Eliminating fascism

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The Japanese commander who designed the attack on Pearl Harbor and who the U.S. killed in a later air raid in the Pacific

  • Yamamoto

  • Hirohito

  • Emperor Meiji

  • Yamaguchi

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Pick the country that was the first communist country in the world

  • Germany

  • Italy

  • Japan

  • Russia

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What treaty did we make with Japan after WWII?

  • We would help pay for them to rebuild their military if they wouldn’t use it against us

  • We would bomb them again if they attack us

  • We would protect them but they can’t build up their military again

  • We would allow them to control the Pacific Ocean to facilitate trade with China

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What did the allies do with Germany at the end of the war?

  • Distributed anti-Hitler pamphlets

  • Held free elections for all Germans

  • Argued over who would rule

  • Divided it (relatively) equally among themselves

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Why is WWII truly a “world war,” whereas WWI wasn’t really a “world war.”

WWI took place mostly in Europe; WWII took place all around the Pacific, in North Africa, all over Europe, and even in the United States

Review questions2

Review Questions

  • The Industrial Revolution started in

    • France

    • Germany

    • Italy

    • England

It started there because they had more colonies and water resources, and they invented the steam engine

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2. The steam engine was revolutionary invention because it

  • Was a machine that was very easy to build

  • Made products with very little product waste in the

  • Could be attached and move any type of machine

  • Used coal as fuel

The steam engine could be used in so many different inventions that it made machines available for use in everything

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3. The Industrial Revolution can be best characterized as a time when

  • There were many new inventions created in Europe

  • Goods began to be made in factories by machine

  • European countries fought over access to resources

  • People began to move to cities

A revolution is a complete 180 degree change; hand-made goods to factory goods was a major turn-around in history

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4. One major social effect of the Industrial Revolution was that

  • People stopped believing in the Catholic church

  • People began to work more hours than before

  • People moved to crowded cities

  • People had more children

People moved closer to where the factory jobs were and cities began to get crowded

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5. The man credited with writing the document that defined what communism is was

  • Adam Smith

  • Karl Marx

  • Frederich Engels

  • Martin Luther

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6. Communisms view regarding company profits is that they should be

  • Given to the king

  • Split evenly amongst capitalist share-holders

  • Shared equally between the workers

  • Given to the owner who made the investment

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8. Capitalism says that profits should be

  • Given to the king

  • Given back to the people in the form of tax breaks

  • Shared equally between the workers

  • Given to the owner who made the investment

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9. The person who wrote a book outlining and defining capitalism is

  • Karl Marx

  • Adam Smith

  • Frederic Engels

  • Otto Von Bismark

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15. Communism’s ultimate goal is to

  • Take over capitalist companies and profits

  • Make everyone look the same

  • Put down any religious ideas

  • All of the above

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16. The Wealth of Nations talks primarily about the economic ideas involved in

  • Mercantilism

  • Communism

  • The Industrial Revolution

  • Capitalism

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17. Adam Smith said the two necessary ingredients for capitalism to work were

  • Competition and a highly involved government

  • One strong central bank and a highly involved government

  • Mercantilism with lots of gold

  • Competition and a laissez-faire government

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18. A laissez-faire government is one that

  • Intervenes in the economy

  • Stays out of the economy altogether

  • Intervenes a little in the economy

  • Completely controls the economy

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19. Industrialism leads to imperialism because it

  • Creates a need for more factory workers

  • Creates a need to show a country’s power

  • Creates a need for raw materials for products

  • Creates a need for more water to run the steam engines

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20. Urbanization is a consequence of or caused by

  • The Enlightenment

  • The Reformation

  • The Scientific Revolution

  • The Industrial Revolution

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21. India was colonized by

  • Germany

  • England

  • France

  • Italy

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22. Indochina (Vietnam, Cambodia) was colonized by the

  • French

  • Dutch

  • British

  • Germans

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23. Africa was controlled by many European countries but for the most part African Imperialism resulted in

  • Racial segregation

  • Worsened conditions for the common people

  • slavery

  • All of the above

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24. Great Britain helped to improve India’s industrialization by

  • Building extensive railroads

  • Reducing crime

  • Improving the education system

  • All of the above

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27. One effect of the Industrial Revolution was that employees were no longer ____ to factory owners because the work was so ____ and workers could be replaced.

  • Considerate; hard

  • Respectful; hard

  • Valuable; easy

  • Necessary; challenging

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28. Before the Industrial Revolution most people lived on/in ____ and worked in the ____ industry.

  • Homes; home

  • Small factories; textile

  • Farms; cottage

  • Apartments; factory

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32. Which industry was the first to use machines to make its products

  • Coal industry

  • Furniture industry

  • Lumber industry

  • Textile industry

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34. The goal of Imperialism is to

  • Extend the borders of countries’ to make a country larger

  • Extend the political influence of countries’ so that other countries will see their might

  • Extend the authority of countries’ to other countries in order to control their resources

  • None of the above.

Review questions3

Review Questions

  • The first real Renaissance Man is considered to be

    • Machiavelli

    • Petrarch

    • Michelangelo

    • Da Vinci

A Renaissance man is good at everything he tries; Da Vinci was an excellent painter, sculptor, poet, musician, and inventor

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2. The Prince is a humanist book written by Machiavelli that says

  • A prince can only become king if he is a legitimate heir of the monarch

  • A ruler should use whatever means to get the desired end result

  • Not all rulers are effective but the ones who are show sympathy to their subjects

  • The most practical way for a monarch to rule is to justify the decisions he makes to his people

Machiavelli came up with the theory that the “end justifies the means”; in other words, it’s okay to ignore morals as long as the ruler holds on to his power

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3. The Renaissance can be best characterized as a time when

  • There were many new ideas created in Europe

  • Italy became the most powerful place in Europe

  • European artists and philosophers tried to imitate the works of the ancient Greeks and Romans

  • People began to focus on humans rather than on God

Renaissance philosophers tried to revive ancient texts from Rome by going on archeological expiditions

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4. Dante, Petrarch, and Erasmus were all

  • Influential Catholic humanist writers of the Renaissance

  • Influential Catholic humanist painters of the Renaissance

  • Influential Catholic humanist musicians of the Renaissance

  • Influential Catholic humanist sculptors of the Renaissance

Petrarch was the father of Humanism; Erasmus called for early reforms of the Catholic church and made a Greek Translation of the Bible; Dante wrote in his native language of Latin rather than Greek

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6. The Renaissance got its start in Italy because

  • Italians were more naturally artistic and musical than the rest of Europe

  • Other rulers tried to put down any artists who painted scenes that were humanist

  • Italy had a strategic position on the crossroads of the silk road in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea

  • Italy didn’t have mountains like Greece so it was easier to transport works of art from one city-state to another

Money from Mediterranean trade helped make Italian city-states very powerful

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5. A Renaissance humanist would most likely agree with which statement?

  • Humans are just as good as God

  • Human capabilities are limitless

  • Humans have limited abilities

  • Humans have certain rights

Petrarch was the first to combine Christianity with humanism saying that if people are created in God’s image, then why couldn’t their abilities be infinite as well? He wasn’t saying that humans had God’s powers, but they had like-powers.

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