Meeting 3
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Meeting 3. Grammar III G0134. We use the present perfect simple: › with since or for, about a period of time which is still continuing: I’ve lived next door since June. (= and I still live next door now). We use the past simple: › with for, about a period of time which is finished:

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Meeting 3

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Meeting 3

Meeting 3

Grammar III

G0134


Meeting 31

We use the present perfect simple:

› with since or for, about a period of time which is still continuing:

I’ve lived next door since June. (= and I still live next door now)

We use the past simple:

› with for, about a period of time which is finished:

I lived there for four years. (=but I don’t live there now)

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Meeting 32

› with questions asking how long:

How long have you lived here? (= I know you still live here)

§ Sometimes we can also use the present perfect continuous.

› with questions asking when:

When did you move here? (=the move is in the past)

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Meeting 33

› for unfinished actions and events, often with still or yet:

I still haven’t finished it.

I haven’t finished it yet.

§ Still & yet are always used with a negative in the present perfect.

› for completed actions and events in the past, often with ago:

I finished it half an hour ago.

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Meeting 34

› for events repeated over a period of time until the present (they may continue):

You’ve played the saxophone every night. (=until now, and you will probably continue to play every night)

› for events repeated over a period of time in the past (they are now finished):

You played the saxophone every night. (=but you don’t any more)

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Meeting 35

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We use the present perfect simple:

› for events which happened in the past at a time which is unknown and / or irrelevant:

I’ve started my essay. (=we don’t know when)

I’ve lost my new camera. (=it’s not important when or where)


Meeting 36

We use the present perfect simple:

› for events that happened in the recent past (often with just):

She’s just gone to the cinema. (= and she’s there now)

We use the past simple:

› for events that happened at a particular time in the past:

She was at the cinema between midday and two o’clock. (= but she’s not there now)

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Meeting 37

› when the time stated is not finished:

I’ve spent this morning writing an essay. (= it’s still morning)

› when the time stated is finished:

I spent this morning writing an essay. (= it’s now afternoon so ‘this morning’ is in the past)

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Meeting 38

› when we talk about a period of time up to the present:

I’ve been to Bali but not to Papua. (= in my life so far – I may go to Papua in the future)

› when we talk about past events which are not connected to the present:

I went to Bali but not to Papua. (= on a particular trip which is in the past)

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Meeting 39

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  • We use the present perfect simple:

    › when we talk about how many times something has happened:

    This is the first time anyone has complained

    › with adverbs like already, before, ever and never:

    Nobody’s ever complained before. (= until now)


Meeting 310

Meeting 3

  • We use the present perfect simple:

    › Never, ever and already go between the auxiliary and the main verb. Before goes after the verb.

    › after a superlative:

    It’s the best cup of coffee I’ve had here.


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