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What the behavioural approach is.
What are its key points.
What are its evaluation points including strengths and Weakness.
Behavioural approaches application to abnormal behaviour
Classical –A Good explanation of phobia's or a fear of objects that has been associated at sometime in the past with an anxious response.
May be functional for the individual, but this kind of learning through reinforcement isn’t healthy in the long run
eg; panic attacks with children demanding extra attention can lead to being over nurtured or spoilt.
Eg; Kendali + Hammen (1995) said its difficult to distinguish between gentic and SLT.
Task: Discuss in pairs this question?
Is depression, OCD, phobia's genetic or inherited through watching the behaviours? Nature vs Nurture Debate.
We can only concern ourselves with what we can see or measure, to understand the world. Therefore behaviourist focus on external behaviours. They argue anything else is or could be biased and subjective to the person looking at it.
2. Abnormal behaviours are acquired
From whatever acquisition process, such as television, media, parents, peers.
The learning environment may reinforce problematic behaviours, eg; avoidance lawyers anxiety, depressive behaviours may elicit help; society may provide maladaptive models as a source of indirect reinforcement.
The behavioural approach can provide convincing explanations of some psychological disorders, including the role of classical conditioning.
Its also lead to successful
therapies being made.
A limited View.
Seligman (1970)Suggests we are Bio logically hardwired from a basic instinct to fear certain small dangerous animals, so even thought where not cave men anymore where cant stop the behaviour.
- It does provide the basis for a range of therapies, their effectiveness is variable and may not provide long term solution. This may be because the treatments are only are only addressing symptoms.
AO1 = 6 marks Outline of features of the psychodynamic approach to psychopathology
Features may refer to assumptions, causes/explanations, concepts of abnormal
• focus on the role of the unconscious in motivating behaviour
• abnormality arises out of unresolved conflicts of childhood, early
• defence mechanisms, repression, tripartite personality, stages of development and fixation