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Wheelock Caput XIX. Perfect Passive Interrogatives. Formation. 1. fourth principal part of verb plus 2 a form of esse. Contrasts with English. laudatus sum I am in the state of having been praised. Past Perfect. Future Perfect. The Perfect Passive System. For all verbs

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Wheelock caput xix

Wheelock Caput XIX

Perfect Passive



1. fourth principal part of verb plus

2 a form of esse

Contrasts with english
Contrasts with English

laudatus sum

I am in the state of having been praised.

The perfect passive system
The Perfect Passive System

For all verbs

perfect passive participle (the fourth principal part)

and add a form of sum

The perfect passive system1
The Perfect Passive System

perfect passive,

pluperfect passive



amātus, a, um sum

amātus,a, um eram

amātus,a, um erō

The perfect passive system2
The Perfect Passive System

participle agrees with the subject of the verb

gender, number, and case

Puer amātus est.

Puellae amātae sunt.

amātus sum = I have been loved (or I was loved)

amātus eram = I had been loved

amātus erō = I will have been loved

Interrogative pronouns
Interrogative Pronouns

Who, whose, whom?


interrogative pronouns are : quis, quid.

Interrogative pronouns1
Interrogative Pronouns

Plural same as the relative pronoun.

Interrogative adjectives
Interrogative Adjectives

Which? What? What kind of?

quī, quae, quod --identical to the relative pronoun in all forms.

Interrogatives v relatives
Interrogatives v. Relatives

Relative Pronoun:

Interrogative Pronoun:

Interrogative Adjective:

Relative Pronoun:

Interrogative Pronoun: asks a question about the identity of a person/or thing

Relative Pronoun: introduces subordinate clause, has antecedent

asks for more specific identification of a person or thing and both precedes and agrees in gender, number, and case with the noun

Quislibrum tibi dedit?

(Who gave the book to you?)

Interrogative Pronoun!

Vir quī librum tibi dedit te laudavit.

(The man who gave the book to you praised you.)

Relative Pronoun!

Quemlibrum tibi dedit?

(Which book did he give you?)

Interrogative Adjective!

Cuiuslibrum Cicero tibi dedit?

(Whose book did Cicero give you?)

Interrogative Pronoun!

Cuiuslibri fuit Cicero auctor?

(Of which book was Cicero the author?)

Interrogative Adjective!

Vircuiuslibrum Cicero tibi dedit te laudavit.

(The man whose book Cicero gave to you praised you.)

Relative Pronoun!

Cuiamicōlibrum dedisti?

(To which friend did you give the book?)

Interrogative Adjective!

Cuilibrum Cicero dedit?

(To whom did Cicero give the book?)

Interrogative Pronoun!

A quōliber lectus est?

(By whom was the book read?)

Interrogative Pronoun!