Wheelock Caput XIX. Perfect Passive Interrogatives. Formation. 1. fourth principal part of verb plus 2 a form of esse. Contrasts with English. laudatus sum I am in the state of having been praised. Past Perfect. Future Perfect. The Perfect Passive System. For all verbs
Wheelock Caput XIX
1. fourth principal part of verb plus
2 a form of esse
I am in the state of having been praised.
For all verbs
perfect passive participle (the fourth principal part)
and add a form of sum
amātus, a, um sum
amātus,a, um eram
amātus,a, um erō
participle agrees with the subject of the verb
gender, number, and case
Puer amātus est.
Puellae amātae sunt.
amātus sum = I have been loved (or I was loved)
amātus eram = I had been loved
amātus erō = I will have been loved
Amātus est. = He has been loved/He was loved
Amātur. = He is loved.
Who, whose, whom?
interrogative pronouns are : quis, quid.
Plural same as the relative pronoun.
In the singular, M&F have the same forms
Which? What? What kind of?
quī, quae, quod --identical to the relative pronoun in all forms.
Interrogative Pronoun: asks a question about the identity of a person/or thing
Relative Pronoun: introduces subordinate clause, has antecedent
asks for more specific identification of a person or thing and both precedes and agrees in gender, number, and case with the noun
Quislibrum tibi dedit?
(Who gave the book to you?)
Vir quī librum tibi dedit te laudavit.
(The man who gave the book to you praised you.)
Quemlibrum tibi dedit?
(Which book did he give you?)
Cuiuslibrum Cicero tibi dedit?
(Whose book did Cicero give you?)
Cuiuslibri fuit Cicero auctor?
(Of which book was Cicero the author?)
Vircuiuslibrum Cicero tibi dedit te laudavit.
(The man whose book Cicero gave to you praised you.)
(To which friend did you give the book?)
Cuilibrum Cicero dedit?
(To whom did Cicero give the book?)
A quōliber lectus est?
(By whom was the book read?)