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Wheelock Caput XIX. Perfect Passive Interrogatives. Formation. 1. fourth principal part of verb plus 2 a form of esse. Contrasts with English. laudatus sum I am in the state of having been praised. Past Perfect. Future Perfect. The Perfect Passive System. For all verbs

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Wheelock Caput XIX

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Wheelock Caput XIX

Perfect Passive

Interrogatives


Formation

1. fourth principal part of verb plus

2 a form of esse


Contrasts with English

laudatus sum

I am in the state of having been praised.


Past Perfect


Future Perfect


The Perfect Passive System

For all verbs

perfect passive participle (the fourth principal part)

and add a form of sum


The Perfect Passive System

perfect passive,

pluperfect passive

future

passive

amātus, a, um sum

amātus,a, um eram

amātus,a, um erō


The Perfect Passive System

participle agrees with the subject of the verb

gender, number, and case

Puer amātus est.

Puellae amātae sunt.


amātus sum = I have been loved (or I was loved)

amātus eram = I had been loved

amātus erō = I will have been loved


Amātus est. = He has been loved/He was loved

Amātur. = He is loved.


Interrogative Pronouns

Who, whose, whom?

What?

interrogative pronouns are : quis, quid.


Interrogative Pronouns

Plural same as the relative pronoun.


In the singular, M&F have the same forms


Interrogative Adjectives

Which? What? What kind of?

quī, quae, quod --identical to the relative pronoun in all forms.


Interrogatives v. Relatives

Relative Pronoun:

Interrogative Pronoun:

Interrogative Adjective:

Relative Pronoun:

Interrogative Pronoun: asks a question about the identity of a person/or thing

Relative Pronoun: introduces subordinate clause, has antecedent

asks for more specific identification of a person or thing and both precedes and agrees in gender, number, and case with the noun


Quislibrum tibi dedit?

(Who gave the book to you?)

Interrogative Pronoun!


Vir quī librum tibi dedit te laudavit.

(The man who gave the book to you praised you.)

Relative Pronoun!


Quemlibrum tibi dedit?

(Which book did he give you?)

Interrogative Adjective!


Cuiuslibrum Cicero tibi dedit?

(Whose book did Cicero give you?)

Interrogative Pronoun!


Cuiuslibri fuit Cicero auctor?

(Of which book was Cicero the author?)

Interrogative Adjective!


Vircuiuslibrum Cicero tibi dedit te laudavit.

(The man whose book Cicero gave to you praised you.)

Relative Pronoun!


Cuiamicōlibrum dedisti?

(To which friend did you give the book?)

Interrogative Adjective!


Cuilibrum Cicero dedit?

(To whom did Cicero give the book?)

Interrogative Pronoun!


A quōliber lectus est?

(By whom was the book read?)

Interrogative Pronoun!


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