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Evaluation of the NASA Land Information System using the Rapid Prototyping Capabilities. Valentine Anantharaj * on behalf of LIS Evaluation Team Paul Houser † , Christa Peters-Lidard ** , Georgy Mostovoy * , LIS Team ** * Mississippi State university - GeoResources Institute

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Evaluation of the nasa land information system using the rapid prototyping capabilities

Evaluation of the NASA Land Information System using the Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

Valentine Anantharaj*

on behalf of LIS Evaluation Team

Paul Houser†, Christa Peters-Lidard**, Georgy Mostovoy*, LIS Team**

* Mississippi State university - GeoResources Institute

† George Mason University

** NASA Goddard Space Flight Center

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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Outline
Outline Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

  • The identified federal partner and their decision support needs; and how NASA can meet those needs

  • Land data assimilation at NASA

  • Purpose and goals of RPC experiment

  • Proposed LIS evaluation activities

  • Expected societal benefits

  • LIS evaluation team

  • Risk Analysis

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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Federal partner and decision support needs
Federal Partner and Decision Support Needs Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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About our federal partner usda nrcs
About our federal partner: USDA NRCS … Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

  • NRCS Vision:

    • “Harmony between people in the land”

  • Future Goal:

    • “A globally recognized source for top quality spatial snow, water, climate, and hydrologic network of information and technology”

  • Mission

    • Natural resource conservation

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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About nasa applied sciences
About NASA Applied Sciences … Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

  • NASA's vision is "to improve life here" and our mission is "to understand and protect our home planet".

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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About nasa applied sciences1
About NASA Applied Sciences … Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

  • NASA's vision is "to improve life here" and our mission is "to understand and protect our home planet". Applications extend the NASA vision and mission by enabling and facilitating the assimilation of Earth observations and prediction outputs into decision support tools. The purpose is to enhance the performance of the decision support resources to serve society through Earth exploration from space.

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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Partner activities

  • irrigation Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

  • water supply

  • nutrients

  • animal waste

  • pests

  • salinity

  • water quality

Partner Activities

  • Assessment, decision support, management, and conservation natural resources:

  • Water

  • Soils

key drivers

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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Identified partner need
Identified Partner Need Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

  • Routine analysis soil moisture over the continental needs

  • water

  • soils

  • sun

  • weather

  • climate

  • vegetation

  • terrain

observe, model, assimilate

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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Identified decision support tool
Identified Decision Support Tool Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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Usda nrcs scan dst
USDA-NRCS SCAN DST Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

  • 115 stations across the United States

  • real time and near real time observations

  • meteor burst technology for communications

  • primarily near agricultural regions

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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Scan dst a national priority
SCAN DST: A National Priority Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

  • National Research Council recommended priority

  • NASA and USDA-NRCS are principal partners in National Integrated Drought Information System

  • NIDIS is envisioned to be a “drought early warning system”

  • Identified by USGEO as significant component of NIDIS

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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Relevant nasa capabilities data and research results
Relevant NASA Capabilities, Data, and Research Results Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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Nasa assets and capabilities
NASA Assets and Capabilities Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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Nasa data products useful for lis
NASA Data Products Useful for LIS Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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Land data assimilation
Land Data Assimilation Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

  • Energy and moisture fluxes, at different spatial and temporal scales, at the land-atmosphere interface is modulated by the land surface conditions

  • Hence, accurate initialization is critical

  • Remotely sensed and in-situ data provide key initial conditions

  • Land models provide information about land-surface state, essential for improving environmental assessment and prediction and decision support

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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Land surface model physics
Land Surface Model Physics Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

(Houser)

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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An integrated framework for land data assimilation system

Inputs Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

Outputs

Physics

Water

Supply &

Demand,

Agriculture,

Hydro-

Electric

Power,

Endangered

Species,

Water

Quality

Improved

Short Term

&

Long Term

Predictions

Land Surface Models (LSM)

Physical Process Models

Noah, CLM, VIC, SiB2,

Mosaic, Catchment, etc.

Energy

Fluxes:

Le & H

Topography,

Soils

Land Cover

and Vegetation

(MODIS, AMSR,

TRMM, SRTM)

Biogeo-chemistry:

Carbon, Nitrogen, etc.

Meteorology

Modeled &

Observed (TRMM,

GOES, Station)

Water

Fluxes:

Runoff

Observed Land States

(Snow, ET, Soil

Moisture, Water,

Carbon, etc.)

Surface

States:

Moisture,

Carbon, Ts

Data Assimilation Modules

(EnKF, EKF)

Rule-based

(Peters-Lidard, Houser, Kumar, Tian, Geiger)

An Integrated Framework forLand Data Assimilation System

Applications

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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Land surface d ata a ssimilation

SSM/I Snow Observation Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

Theory Development

Soil Moisture Assimilation

Assimilation with

Bias Correction

Observation

No Assimilation

Assimilation

Snow Water Assimilation

Skin Temperature Assimilation

Land Surface Data Assimilation

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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Soil moisture assimilation w alnut g ulch

Tombstone, AZ Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

0%

20%

Houser et al., 1998

Soil Moisture Assimilation:Walnut Gulch

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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Nasa land information system lis
NASA Land Information System (LIS) Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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Lis introduction
LIS: Introduction Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

  • A high-resolution land surface modeling and data assimilation system based on the successful Global Land Data Assimilation System

  • High-performance parallel computing software that enables near-real time modeling at the scale of Earth Observing System-era observations (1 km2)

  • Incorporates innovative and sophisticated data management system with Internet technologies

  • High-quality software technology with a strong, expanding user base

  • Based on community standards such as ESMF and ALMA

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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Lis history and current status
LIS: History and Current Status Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

  • Funded by NASA Earth Science Technology Office (ESTO) Computational Technologies Project (CT) CAN for “Grand Challenge Applications” in 2002

  • Award Winning Technology

  • LIS team from 3 GSFC branches and UMBC GEST center

  • 4 major software releases

  • Over 150,000 lines of C/Fortran90 code

  • Over 150 registered users from over 30 countries

  • A Linux cluster with 200 nodes built as test bed

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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Lis scalability

25km Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

External

LIS

5km

Internal

1km

LIS: Scalability

200 Node “LIS” Cluster

Optimized I/O, GDS Servers

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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Wrf lis coupled modeling capabilities

Atmos. Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

Models

Ocean

Models

12-Hours Ahead Atmospheric Model Forecasts

LIS

Without

LIS

WRF-LIS Coupled Modeling Capabilities

  • Interoperability with standards:

  • The Earth System Modeling

  • Framework (ESMF)

  • Assistance for Land Modeling

  • Activities (ALMA)

Observed

Rainfall

With

LIS

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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Osse capabilities of lis mission planning

Snow Water Equivalent Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

Retrieval Error vs. Revisit Time

Horizontal

Resolution

(m)

Hypothetical Error Requirement

3

7

OSSE Capabilities of LIS – Mission Planning

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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Purpose of rpc experiments for lis evaluations
Purpose of RPC Experiments for LIS Evaluations Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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Purpose of rpc experiments
Purpose of RPC Experiments … Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

  • Goal 1:

    • Evaluate LIS capabilities and NASA data to support the enhancement USDA-NRCS SCAN decision support tool

      • Approach:

        • Evaluate LIS and identified NASA data by performing Observation Sensitivity Experiments (OSE)

        • Derive physically consistent soil moisture maps at a range of spatial resolutions from 25x25 km2 to 1x1 km2

        • Quantify uncertainties at all scales

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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Purpose of rpc experiments1
Purpose of RPC Experiments … Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

  • Goal 2:

    • Evaluate LIS capabilities and NASA data to support the extension USDA-NRCS SCAN network

      • Approach:

        • Evaluate LIS and identified NASA data by performing Observing System Simulation Experiments (OSSE)

        • For a region of interest, define and evaluate network optimization approaches by identifying network configurations for maximum impact

        • Quantify uncertainties

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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Purpose of rpc experiments2
Purpose of RPC Experiments … Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

  • Goal 3:

    • Evaluate the model coupling capabilities of LIS

      • Approach:

        • Evaluate the ESMF coupling capabilities for a couple WRF-LIS configuration

        • For a region of interest, perform case studies for one or more meteorological events

        • Quantify and qualify impacts of coupling

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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Purpose of rpc experiments3
Purpose of RPC Experiments … Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

  • Goal 4:

    • Evaluate and demonstrate the usefulness of LIS as a customizable and cross-cutting resource that can be readily adopted, proto-typed, and deployed

      • Approach:

        • Demonstrate the usefulness of LIS by providing LIS derived data to one or more MRC funded ISS projects

        • Document the lessons learned for future enhancements of LIS

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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Purpose of rpc experiments4
Purpose of RPC Experiments Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

  • Goal 5:

    • Help enhance the RPC Performance Metric Workbench

      • Approach:

        • Help define evaluation metrics

        • Share existing and new evaluation tools and software

        • Provide expert consultations to the PMW development team

        • Integrate relevant PMW capabilities into LIS V&V package

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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Lis evaluation activities
LIS Evaluation Activities Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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Lis evaluation activities1
LIS Evaluation Activities Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

  • LIS Performance Analysis

  • Observation Sensitivity Experiments (OSE)

  • Observing System Sensitivity Experiments (OSSE)

  • WRF-LIS Model Coupling Evaluation Experiments

  • Cross-cutting Demonstrations

  • PMW Evaluation Package

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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Lis performance analysis technical overhead supporting activities
LIS Performance Analysis Rapid Prototyping Capabilities(technical overhead & supporting activities)

  • Computational and storage requirements

  • Reliability and security

  • Identify optimal LSM configuration for RPC experiments

  • Data management activities

  • Elaboration of partner and NASA risks

  • Evaluation of the incorporation of identified NASA data into LIS (MODIS: LAI, NDVI, albedo)

  • LIS experiments integration into RPC

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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Observation sensitivity experiments for scan enhancement
Observation Sensitivity Experiments for SCAN Enhancement Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

  • Evaluation of data assimilation techniques

    • EKF, EnKF

  • Data assimilation (land state)

    • Soil moisture

      • Soil moisture stations

      • AMSR-E

    • Temperature

      • MODIS LST

  • Sensitivity studies

  • Outcomes: soil moisture analysis product, uncertainty characterization

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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Osses for scan extension
OSSEs for SCAN Extension Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

  • Identify region for pilot study

  • “Truth” run(s)

  • Open loop control run(s)

  • Selective data assimilation run(s)

  • Network optimization analysis

  • Network prioritization

  • Outcomes: evaluation report, identified ISS pathway

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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Wrf lis coupling experiments
WRF-LIS Coupling Experiments Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

  • Identification of case studies

  • Consultations with SPoRT and NOAA

  • WRF-LIS runs:

    • Uncoupled WRF

    • WRF with LIS forcing using Noah LSM

    • WRF with soil moisture assimilated LIS forcing

    • Coupled WRF-LIS run(s)

  • Outcomes: evaluation report, quantitative and qualitative assessment

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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Cross cutting demonstrations
Cross-Cutting Demonstrations Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

  • Evaluate LIS capabilities in conjunction with MRC ISS project on assessment of forest fire risk potential

  • Region of study to focus on MS Gulf coast and other forests in MS

  • Evaluate the utility of USFS station data

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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Rpc pmw evaluation package
RPC PMW Evaluation Package Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

  • Help integrate any available evaluation tools and packages

  • Provide expert advice to PMW development team

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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Deliverables
Deliverables Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

  • Evaluation report(s)

  • Peer-reviewed journal article(s)

  • ISS recommendation(s)

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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Risk analysis
Risk Analysis Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

  • System incompatibilities

  • Security issues

  • Intellectual property

  • Quality, availability, suitability of data

    • AMSR-E, in-situ data

    • Validation data

  • Technical and scientific issues

    • Data assimilation, inconsistencies

  • Personnel, political, funding risks

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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Anticipated societal benefits
Anticipated Societal Benefits Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

  • provides critical information to support drought monitoring and mitigation

  • provides critical information for predicting droughts based on weather and climate predictions

  • supports irrigation water management

  • supports fire risk assessment

  • supports water supply forecasting and NWS flood forecasting

  • supplies a critical missing component to assist with snow, climate and associated hydrometeorological data analysis

  • supports climate change assessment

  • enables water quality monitoring

  • supports a wide variety of natural resource management & research activities such as NASA remote sensing activities of soil moisture and ARS watershed studies.

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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Lis evaluation team collaborators
LIS Evaluation Team & Collaborators Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

  • LIS Team:

    • Valentine Anantharaj and Georgy Mostovoy (MSU GRI)

    • Paul Houser (GMU CREW)

    • Christa Peters-Lidard (NASA GSFC HSB)

    • LIS Team at GSFC

  • Collaborators

    • USDA NRCS

    • NASA MSFC SPoRT (?) and NOAA

    • NASA GMAO (?)

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

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Data Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

RPC Evaluation of NASA Land Information System for Application in USDA-NRCS SCAN DST

Partners

EARTH SYSTEM MODELS

  • NASA Land Information System (Noah, Catchment LSM)

  • Forcing: [G|N]LDAS (NASA) using [G|E]DAS & CMAP (NCEP), AGRMET (AFWA), ECMWF, NCAR FNL, NARR, RUC

  • Data Assimilation: EKF, EnKF

  • Supercomputing: Project Columbia (NASA), HPC2 (MSU)

RPC EVALUATIONS, V&V

USDA-NRCS SCAN DST

Predictions

  • Soil moisture maps from 12x12 km2 to 1x1 km2

  • Sensitivity analyses using OSEs

  • AMSR-E data assimilation

  • OSSEs to help optimize DST network

  • NOAA NIDIS

  • Coupled WRF-LIS modeling applications

  • Global/Regional scale model products (1 – 50km)

  • soil moisture maps

  • Longer-term outlooks

VALUE & BENEFITS

  • Mitigate drought effects

  • Support flood analysis

  • Producer decision making – planting, production, disease, pest management

  • Crop yield modeling and monitoring

  • Improved forecasting of severe weather and climate outlook

  • Ecological forecasting

  • Policy decisions

EARTH OBSERVATIONS

  • air & land surface temperature, humidity, winds

  • precipitation

  • soil moisture, SST

  • radiation, aerosol

  • Atmosphere: ground-based measurements (WMO, ARM/CART), MPE (NOAA), NEXRAD, AMSR-E, GOES, MODIS, GPM, TRMM, GOES-R, PERSIANN, NPP, NPOESS

  • Land :SCAN (USDA), Mesonet, Producer-Cooperator

Observations

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

44

Uncertainty Analysis and Scientific Rigor

*Next Generation Missions


Estimated level of effort
Estimated Level of Effort Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

45


Discussions
Discussions? Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

46


Data Rapid Prototyping Capabilities

RPC Evaluation of NASA Land Information System for Cross-Cutting Applications

Potential

Partners

EARTH SYSTEM MODELS

  • NASA Land Information System (Noah, CLM, Vic)

  • Forcing: [G|N]LDAS (NASA) using [G|E]DAS & CMAP (NCEP), AGRMET (AFWA), ECMWF; NCAR FNL

  • Regional Models: WRF; RAMS-AROMA, COAMPS, and RUC (for evaluations)

  • Supercomputing: Project Columbia (NASA), HPC2 (MSU)

RPC EVALUATIONS, V&V

DECISION SUPPORT TOOLS

Predictions

  • DHS NARAC/IMAAC at LLNL

  • USDA USFS Firelab

  • USDA FAS PECAD

  • USDA NRCS SCAN & NIDIS

  • NSSTC SERVIR

  • Coupled WRF-LIS modeling applications

  • EPA BASINS

  • USBR RiverWare

  • Global/Regional scale model products (1 – 50km)

  • analysis, hourly & daily forecasts

  • Longer-term outlooks

VALUE & BENEFITS

  • Atmospheric assessment of emissions and air pollution

  • Fire risk modeling

  • Crop yield modeling and monitoring

  • Improved forecasting of severe weather

  • Ecological forecasting

  • Policy decisions

EARTH OBSERVATIONS

  • air & land surface temperature, humidity, winds

  • precipitation

  • soil moisture, SST

  • radiation, aerosol

  • Atmosphere: ground-based measurements (WMO, ARM/CART), MPE (NOAA), NEXRAD, AMSR-E, GOES, MODIS, GPM, TRMM, Cloudsat, GOES-R, PERSIANN, NPOESS

  • Land :SCAN (USDA), Mesonet

Observations

RPC Preliminary Design Review (5/17/06)

47

Uncertainty Analysis and Scientific Rigor

*Next Generation Missions


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