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Reagan & The Cold War. What polices does Ronald Reagan use in dealing with the Communist World?. Reagan’s Foreign Policy: End of Détente. 1983: Reagan invades Grenada when Communists try to take over. 1982: In a speech Reagan calls the Soviet Union an “Evil Empire”

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Reagan the cold war

Reagan & The Cold War

What polices does Ronald Reagan use in dealing with the Communist World?


Reagan’s Foreign Policy: End of Détente

  • 1983: Reagan invades Grenada when Communists try to take over

  • 1982: In a speech Reagan calls the Soviet Union an “Evil Empire”

  • Reagan Doctrine states US will now stop communism around the world, ending the era of détente

  • Reagan starts aiding non-communists in Central America


Nicaragua:

-1980-1986: Daniel Ortega begins

socialist reforms

-US backs an anti-communist group

called the Contras

-Contras incompetent – Congress

cuts off funding

El Salvador:

1980-1992: US backs the

El Salvadoran Armed Forces

in a civil war against the pro-

Communist FMLN. US backed

ESAF funds death squads

terrorizing the country


The middle east
The Middle East

1982: US aids Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein in his war vs. Iran

1983: Reagan sends US Marines to Lebanon to help in civil war, suicide bombers hit Marine barracks, kill 241

1983: Terrorists begin kidnapping Americans in Middle East

1986: members of Reagan’s Admin were secretly selling arms to Iran (in their war vs. Iraq) to gets hostages back

Ntl Security Advisor John Poindexter & Col. Oliver North were taking profits from sales and sending them to Contras

  • Reagan claims he only knew of arms for hostages, not of illegal money to contras


Libya
Libya

1986: Disco club is bombed in West Germany

US finds out country of Libya is behind the bombing

Pres. Reagan orders airstrikes against Libya

  • Libyan leader Khadafi vows revenge

  • 1988: Libyan agents bomb Pan Am flt 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland, 243 killed


Collapse of the Soviet Union

  • Reagan spends billions a space-based defense system known as SDI or “Star Wars”

  • However, spending billions on defense along with Reagan tax cuts creates a huge deficit

  • Soviet Leader Mikhail Gorbachev who is promising reforms in his country can’t keep up w/ US spending

  • In several summits, Reagan pressures Gorbachev to allow more freedom in USSR & Eastern Bloc

  • Soviet satellites in Eastern Europe begin breaking away from Communism

  • Soviet Union collapses in 1991


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