Introduction to health knowledge review
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Introduction to Health Knowledge Review. Learning Outcomes. L1:Apply the concepts of health and wellness to identify health behaviours and factors influencing choice and change in health using an holistic approach

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Introduction to Health Knowledge Review

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Introduction to health knowledge review

Introduction to Health KnowledgeReview

Learning outcomes

Learning Outcomes

L1:Apply the concepts of health and wellness to identify health behaviours and factors influencing choice and change in health using an holistic approach

L2:Discuss the social, cultural, economic and cultural influences on health behaviour and development

L3:Discuss the elements of interpersonal communication

Learning outcome 1

Learning Outcome 1

  • Health

  • Wellness

  • Health behaviours

  • Factors influencing choice

  • Factors influencing change in health

  • Holistic approach

Learning outcome 2

Learning Outcome 2

  • Social influences on health status, behaviour, and development

  • Cultural influences on health status,

  • behaviour, and development

  • Economic influences on health status, behaviour, and development

  • Cultural influences on health status, behaviour, and development

Learning outcome 3

Learning Outcome 3

  • Elements

  • Effective

  • Interpersonal

  • communication

Foundations of health and wellness

Foundations of Health and Wellness

  • Define key terms

  • Discuss the definition of health and related concepts

  • Identify the four central concepts of nursing theories

  • Discuss variables that influence health and illness beliefs

  • Define a model

  • Describe three models of health

  • Describe the three levels of preventative care

Therapeutic communication

Therapeutic Communication

  • Define communication

  • Describe the levels of communication

  • Discuss the forms of communication

  • Discuss the purpose of communication

  • Describe key aspects of communication

  • Define therapeutic communication

  • Understand the importance of communication in nursing practice

Healthy behaviour change

Healthy Behaviour Change

  • Discuss key terms

  • Discuss the influence of a healthy lifestyle in preventing disease and promoting wellness

  • Explore and discuss the health status of New Zealanders

  • Explore the significance of national strategies in NZ to address health disparities and promote health

  • Identify and explain three categories of factors which influence behaviour and behaviour change decisions

  • Identify and discuss behaviour change techniques

Socio economic determinants of health

Socio-Economic Determinants of Health

  • Define key terms

  • Discuss indicators of health status

  • Identify and discuss the main determinants of health?

  • Discuss health status in New Zealand

  • Review the National Health Committee Report and government health initiatives

Te tiriti o waitangi

Te Tiriti O Waitangi

  • What is the Treaty?

  • What was it’s relevance to health at the time it was signed?

  • What are the principles of the treaty?

Nutrition and optimum health

Nutrition and Optimum health

  • Define key terms

  • Briefly review the structures, mechanisms and processes of the gastrointestinal tract (GI)

  • Identify and explain why each major nutrient is necessary for nutrition and give examples of dietary sources for each one

  • List factors that affect dietary patterns / nutritional status

  • Describe clinical signs of altered nutrition

Human development

Human Development

  • Define key terms

  • Define human development

  • Explain the three domains of human development

  • Outline the eight stages of human development

  • Briefly describe the contextual approach to human development

Human development1

Human Development

  • Explain and give examples of Vygotsky. Bronfenbrenner, Piaget and Erikson’s theories

  • Outline milestones of motor development

  • Outline milestones of language development

The aging process

The Aging Process

  • Define key terms

  • Discuss common physiological changes of aging

  • Discuss the cognitive changes in some older adults

  • Discuss issues related to psychosocial changes of aging

  • Discuss how personal relationships change in old age and what effect this has on well-being

The aging process cont

The Aging Process (cont)

  • Describe common health problems in the older adult

  • Identify five types of elder abuse

Psychosocial health

Psychosocial Health

  • Describe the four aspects of psychosocial health

  • Describe factors influencing psychological health

  • Outline strategies to enhance psychological health

  • Discuss the mind-body connection and how emotions influence health status

  • Identify common psychosocial problems of adulthood

  • Explain the goals and methods of different health professionals and therapies



  • Define key terms

  • Examine the body’s response to stress and discuss the physiological changes

  • Discuss possible health risks associated with stress

  • Discuss causes / sources of stress and possible stressors

  • Explore strategies for coping with stress and reducing contact with stress

  • Explore techniques for using positive stressors to enhance life

Fitness and exercise

Fitness and Exercise

  • Key terms

  • Describe the distinction between physical activity for health, physical activity for fitness and physical health for performance

  • Discuss the components of physical fitness

  • Discuss health related benefits of regular exercise

  • Summarise the key components of a personal fitness programme

  • Describe guidelines for integrating physical activity into your life

Fitness related injuries

Fitness Related Injuries

  • Key terms

  • Identify and discuss common fitness injuries

  • Summarise ways to prevent common fitness injuries

  • Discuss ways to treat common fitness injuries

Creating healthy relationships

Creating Healthy relationships

  • Key terms

  • Identify types of relationships

  • Identify and discuss the characteristics and maintenance of successful relationships

  • Examine factors that affect life decisions

  • Define sexual identity and discuss its major components

  • Identify major features and functions of sexual anatomy and physiology

  • Discuss ways to communicate effectively in interpersonal relationships

Sexuality contraception pregnancy and childbirth

Sexuality, Contraception, Pregnancy and Childbirth

  • Understand the functions of the male and female reproductive systems

  • To be able to make responsible choices regarding our own sexual health

  • To be able to describe some of the contraceptive choices available

  • To be aware of reproductive options

  • To have an overview of pregnancy and childbirth

Cardiovascular disease and cancer

Cardiovascular Disease and Cancer

  • Discuss the incidence, prevalence and outcomes of cardiovascular disease in New Zealand including its impact on society

  • Review major types of cardiovascular disease, controllable and uncontrollable factors, methods of prevention and current strategies for diagnosis and treatment

Complementary and alternative medicine

Complementary and Alternative Medicine

  • Define terminology

  • Describe CAM and identify its typical domains

  • Differentiate between complementary alternative and natural therapies

  • Explain major types of complementary and alternative medicine providers and the common treatments they offer

  • Discuss the various types of complementary and alterantive medicines used today – Who is most likely to use them? Patterns of use? Potential risks and benefits?

Complementary and alternative medicine1

Complementary and Alternative Medicine

  • Understand how to evaluate testimonials and claims related to complementary and alternative products, services practitioners to ensure you are getting accurate information and safe treatment

  • Summarise the challenges and opportunities related to complementary bad alternative medicine in ensuring our health and wellness

Cardiovascular disease and cancer1

Cardiovascular Disease and Cancer

  • Explain what cancer is and describe the different types of cancer, including the risks they pose to people at different ages and stages of life

  • Discuss cancer’s risk factors and outline strategies and recommendations for prevention, screening and treatment

Infectious conditions

Infectious Conditions

  • Define key terms

  • Describe the chain of infection and the factors involved in breaking that chain

  • Identify and describe the routes of infection

  • Understand how the immune system works

  • Identify the body’s normal defences against infection

  • Discuss STI’s, modes of transmission and ways to prevent STI’s

  • Discuss non infectious diseases

Loss and grief

Loss and Grief

  • Define and understand loss

  • Define and understand grief

  • Support the patient and family in grief

  • Assess and support the dying patient and his family

  • Identify actions that promote effective end of life care

Domestic violence and injuries

Domestic Violence and Injuries

  • Describe the difference between intentional and unintentional violence and injury and discuss examples of both

  • Define violence

  • Discuss personal and societal factors that contribute to violence in NZ

  • Discuss strategies for prevention of violence and injury in NZ

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