Race, Poverty and the EnvironmentRaquel Rivera PinderhughesUrban Studies ProgramSan Francisco State UniversitySpring 2004The public has permission to use the material herein, but only if author, course, university, and professor are credited.. . Fresh Kills Landfill: New York City's Wasteland
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1. Fresh Kills Landfill: New York City’s Wasteland Stephanie Brown
2. Race, Poverty and the Environment
Raquel Rivera Pinderhughes
Urban Studies Program
San Francisco State University
The public has permission to use the material herein, but only if author, course, university, and professor are credited.
3. Introduction This presentation will focus on the environmental, social and public health impacts of Fresh Kills Landfill.
We will begin with a timeline of American waste disposal leading up to the introduction of landfills such as Fresh Kills.
We will then examine the statistics of the American waste stream.
We will then cover the location of the Fresh Kills Landfill, Staten Island, New York.
Next, we will move on to an analysis of the environmental and public health impacts of the landfill on both Staten Island and its residents due to chemicals released into the groundwater, soil, and air.
Finally, we will analyze the social impacts incurred by the residents of Staten Island as a result of the Fresh Kills Landfill and the movement that resulted in its closure in 2001.
4. How We Arrived Where We Are Today: A Timeline of American Waste Disposal
5. 1657 New Amsterdam
(now Manhattan) passes
a law against casting
waste in the streets
6. 19th c. Visitors describe New
York City as a "nasal disaster,
where some streets smell like
bad eggs dissolved in ammonia."
7. Timeline continuedTimeline continued
8. Timeline continuedTimeline continued
12. A Product of Our Society: The American Waste Stream Examined
13. The Waste Stream Examined
14. The Waste Stream Examined: Garbage By The Numbers
16. MSW Composition
17. 2000 EPA Estimates of United States MSW Generation
18. 2000 EPA Estimates of Increase in MSW Generation
19. 2000 EPA Estimates on Amount of MSW Incinerated or Landfilled
20. What is a Landfill?
21. How Do Landfills Work?
22. What Type of Landfill is Fresh Kills?
23. What Does a Landfill Look Like?
24. Questions on Solid Waste, Answered by the EPA
25. 2000 EPA Estimates of Landfill Volume
26. Fresh Kills: Outdated, Overflowing, and Dangerous
27. The Location
28. Staten Island
29. The landfill is located within yards of residential, commercial and
industrial areas of Staten Island. Staten Island… continued
30. Staten Island Demographics
31. A “Temporary Landfill”
32. From its location on Staten Island, only a short barge ride from New York City, Fresh Kills was an extremely convenient waste disposal alternative for the city.
33. Fresh Kills is Located Only Yards from Residential Neighborhoods
34. The Reality of Fresh Kills
35. A Community Reacts: Neighbors of Fresh Kills
40. Should These Chemicals Cause Concern?
41. These Chemicals Should Cause Concern
43. Chemicals Reach Neighbors of Fresh Kills
44. Landfills Are Dangerous
45. Landfills Are Dangerous
47. Fresh Kills Pollutes Water
48. Fresh Kills Pollutes Water