Chapter 7
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Chapter 7. Physical Geography of Africa South of the Sahara. Name ___________________ #___ Chapter 7 Section 1 (p. 206 – 211) Physical Features. Key Terms: escarpment – steep cliff rift valley – large break in the Earth’s surface formed by shifting tectonic plates

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Chapter 7

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Chapter 7

Chapter 7

Physical Geography of Africa South of the Sahara


Name chapter 7 section 1 p 206 211 physical features

Name ___________________#___ Chapter 7 Section 1 (p. 206 – 211) Physical Features

Key Terms:

  • escarpment – steep cliff

  • rift valley – large break in the Earth’s surface formed by shifting tectonic plates

  • gorges – steep-sided valleys formed when rivers cut through the land

  • industrial diamonds – used to make drills, saws, or grinding tools rather than as a gemstone


Chapter 7

Plateaus

Mountains

Landforms

Lowlands

Great

Rift Valley


1 name the 5 regions of africa which one have we already studied

1. Name the 5 regions of Africa. Which one have we already studied?


Chapter 7

Waterways

Rivers

Lakes

Lake Victoria

Lake Tanganyika

Lake Superior

Lake Tana

Lake Chad

Nile River

Zambezi River

Congo River

Niger River


Chapter 7

How are rivers used?


Chapter 7

petroleum

natural gas

gemstones

Resources

hydroelectric power

gold

metals


Chapter 7 1 questions use text pages 207 211

Chapter 7 – 1 Questions(use text pages 207 – 211)

  • How was the Congo Basin formed?

  • How do waterways affect Africans living south of the Sahara?

  • How large is Lake Chad in the rainy season? How large is Lake Chad in the dry season?

  • What percentage of Lake Chad disappears in the dry season?

  • How do some rivers shape the land?

  • Why do you think oil has replaced agricultural (farm) products as the main export in many countries?


Chapter 7 1 answers

Chapter 7 – 1 Answers

  • The Congo Basin was formed when tectonic activity lifted up the land surrounding it.

  • Waterways provide transportation, fresh water, and electricity.

  • Lake Chad is 10,000 square miles in the rainy season. Lake Chad is 3,800 square miles in the dry season.

  • 10,000 – 3,800 = 6,200 square miles

    6,200 / 100 % = 62%

  • Some rivers cut through the land and form deep gorges.

  • Oil has replaced agricultural products because African countries can get more money for oil than they can for agricultural products.


You decide water resources who should control them text p 212 213

You Decide Water Resources: Who Should Control Them? (text p. 212 – 213)

  • What does “privatization” mean?

  • Create a “T-Chart” for and against “privatization.”

    advantages disadvantages

    - -

    --

    3. Do you think privatization is a good idea? Explain why or why not in a quality paragraph. (5 – 7 sentences)


Name chapter 7 section 2 p 214 218 climate regions

Name ______________#_____ Chapter 7 Section 2 (p. 214 – 218)Climate Regions

Key Terms:

  • drought – period of time when there is no rain at all

  • rain forest – dense areas of trees and plants that receive more than 80 inches of precipitation per year

  • canopy – tops of the highest trees form an umbrella-like covering of the rain forests


Chapter 7

Key terms continued…

4. deforestation – widespread clearing of forests without planting new trees

5. ecotourism – visiting a place without causing harm to the environment; eco-tourists go to visit a place’s natural beauty

6. savanna – grasslands with scattered trees

7. desertification – process that turns fertile land into desert


Chapter 7

Factors Affecting Climate

1. Latitude

2. Precipitation

  • Most of the region is in the tropics (close to the Equator)

  •  direct sunlight

  • - Exception = mountains  higher elevation = cooler temperatures

  • Rainforests receive 80 or more inches of rain per year

  • Deserts receive less than 10 inches of rain per year

  • Droughts  crop failures and starvation


Chapter 7

Textbook p. 215

What type of climate borders the deserts?


Tropical and dry climates p 216 217

Tropical and Dry Climates:p. 216 - 217

  • Tropical Wet

  • Tropical Dry

  • Steppe

  • Desert

  • On your poster, you will create a bubble map to describe the climate region.

    • You must have at least 4 descriptors

    • Make it colorful and creative


Moderate climates

Moderate Climates

  • Comfortable temperatures

  • Enough rainfall for farming

  • Mild winters

  • South of the Equator, the seasons are opposite of what we experience at the same time.

    • Ex: When we have summer, they have winter.


Extra credit

Extra Credit

  • Write a quality paragraph describing a typical summer day or a typical winter day where you live.

  • Write another quality paragraph describing a typical summer day or a typical winter day in the tropical dry climate region.


Chapter 7 test taking practice textbook p 220 221 1 10

Chapter 7 Test-taking PracticeTextbook p. 220 – 221 (1-10)

1.6.

2.7.

3.8.

4.9.

5.10.

Writing Assessment Practice is EXTRA CREDIT!


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