Manga in the United States - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Manga in the united states
1 / 32

  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Tracing factors leading to the rise of manga in the US. Manga in the United States. Anime/ manga in the U.S. The popularity of anime/ manga in the U.S. today. Unpromising beginnings. WWII, negative preconceptions, and the difficulty of marketing manga in the West.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.

Download Presentation

Manga in the United States

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript

Manga in the united states

Tracing factors leading to the rise of manga in the US.

Manga in the United States


  • Anime/manga in the U.S.

    • The popularity of anime/manga in the U.S. today.

  • Unpromising beginnings.

    • WWII, negative preconceptions, and the difficulty of marketing manga in the West.

  • The rise of manga.

    • Factors contributing to the rise of manga in the U.S.

  • A mutual relationship.

    • How the popularity of manga in the U.S. has affected the literature produced.

  • Overview

    Anime manga in the u s

    anime/manga in the U.S.


    In what state is the largest anime convention in the United States held?


    Anime conventions

    Anime conventions

    • 1990: Project A-Kon (Dallas, TX)

      • 2011 Attendance: 18,447

    • 1992: Anime Expo(Los Angeles, CA)

      • 2011 Attendance: 47,000

    • 1994: Otakon (Baltimore, MD)

      • 2011 Attendance: 31,348

    • 1998: Sakura-Con (Seattle, WA)

      • 2011 Attendance: 19,040

    Comparative Number: UW has around 42,000 students (graduate and undergraduate).

    Comic book convention

    Comic-book Convention

    • 1970: San Diego Comic-Con International (San Diego, CA)

      • 2010 Attendance: 130,000

    • 2006: New York Comic Con

      • 2010 attendance: 96,000

    Compare to 47,000 for Anime Expo.

    Manga sales


    • In the “…Diamond Comic Distributors back list, about 43% are manga.”

      • "ICv2 Graphic Novel White Paper" by Mikhail Koulikov (2-5-2009)

    • "Overall, manga still makes up the majority of the North American graphic novel releases“

      • "ICv2 Estimates U.S. Manga Sales Were Down 17% in 2008" (2-5-2009)


    In 2011, what was the top selling manga in Japan? In the US?


    2011 top selling mangas

    2011 Top Selling Mangas

    Japan United States

    Unpromising beginnings

    Unpromising beginnings

    World war ii anti japanese sentiments

    World war ii: Anti-Japanese sentiments

    But to be fair

    (But to be fair…)

    • To compete with the “gung-ho patriotism” in American comics…

      • “Perhaps the earliest manga to appear in English were the bilingual colour comic-strip leaflets issued during World War II by the Japanese military to undermine enemy morale. One example showed a Western soldier’s wife back home enjoying the advances of a leering stranger after being informed that her husband would never return…”

        • Manga: Sixty Years of Japanese Comics by Paul Gravett

    Negative preconceptions

    Negative Preconceptions

    • “Westerners often have … preconceptions about [manga]: ‘All the characters have big, Bambi-like eyes’; ‘The magazines are as thick as phone directories’; ‘Businessmen devour them in public on trans’; ‘They are full of sex and violence’…’tits and tentacles’…”

      • Manga: Sixty Years of Japanese Comics by Paul Gravett

    Negative preconceptions1

    Negative Preconceptions

    • “Otaku is extremely negative in meaning as it is used to refer to someone who stays at home all the time and doesn't have a life…they pass the time by watching anime, playing videogames, surfing the internet.”


    • 1989: Tsutomu Miyazaki “The Otaku Murderer”

    Negative preconceptions2

    • “weebo: Someone not of the oriental race that tries impersonate or emulate the japanese or japanime culture.”


    • Saturday Night Live skit: “J-Pop America Fun Time Now”



    Negative Preconceptions

    Difficulty of marketing

    Difficulty of marketing

    • Xenophobia

    • Trade protectionism

    • Difficulty of page layout (flipping) and translation.

    The rise of manga

    The rise of manga

    Tv economic considerations

    TV & Economic considerations

    • Rise of television.

    • Considerably less costly and uncomplicated to import Japanese animated cartoons.

    • “…anime broadcasts…primed viewers for eventual manga consumption…”

      • Manga: Sixty Years of Japanese Comics by Paul Gravett

    • "Manga made their way only gradually into U.S. markets, first in association with anime and then independently“


    Decline of the american comic

    Decline of the American comic

    • Slim profit margins on comic books.

    • Censorship.

    • Subject considered juvenile.

    • Disconnect with youth culture.

      • “The early 1960s saw a major reevaluation of youth culture…[that] most comic books…had not kept up with…[they] failed to speak to the social and emotional disorientation of young people.”

    The female audience

    The Female Audience

    • Shojo, Josei, Shojo-Ai, Shonen-Ai, Yuri, Yaoi.

    • “Teen anguish was once a staple of many 1970s British girls’ weeklies that have now completely vanished. In contrast, girls’ manga thrive because authors are not prevented from confronting difficult issues…”

      • Manga: Sixty Years of Japanese Comics by Paul Gravett

    Ideological theories the cold war

    Ideological theories: The Cold War

    • Re-imagination of Asian figures driven by economic considerations…

      • The rehabilitation of Japan in the US helped paved the way for economic exchange.

    • …and Cold War politics.

      • “During the…Cold War, the United States distinguished itself from Communist nations…by emphasizing its democratic impulse towards” cultural difference.

      • “…interest in Japanese style became an expression of the principle of freedom of choice, helping to distinguish American democracy from its Soviet counterpart.”

        • Virtual Orientialism: Asia Religions and American Popular Culture by Jane Naomi Iwamura

    A mutual relationship

    A Mutual Relationship

    Avatar 2005 2008 heroman 2010

    Avatar (2005-2008) & Heroman (2010)

    Tiger bunny 2011

    Tiger & Bunny (2011)


    What do you notice about the main characters of Japanese manga/anime over time?


    Pre 1990


    Early 1990s

    Early 1990s

    Late 1990s

    Late 1990s



    2005 and on

    2005 and on

  • Login