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Piaget . Cognitive Developmental Stages. JEAN PIAGET. CHILD PSYCHOLOGIST HE FOUND ANSWERS TO HUMAN BEHAVIOR BY STUDYING CHILDREN INFLUENTIAL IN SCHOOL REFORM. Cognitive Development. Cognitive development – The process by which thinking changes over time

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Piaget

Piaget

Cognitive Developmental Stages


Jean piaget
JEAN PIAGET

  • CHILD PSYCHOLOGIST

  • HE FOUND ANSWERS TO HUMAN BEHAVIOR BY STUDYING CHILDREN

  • INFLUENTIAL IN SCHOOL REFORM


Cognitive development
Cognitive Development

  • Cognitive development –The process by which thinking changes over time

  • Schemas –Mental structures orprograms that guide adeveloping child’s thoughts. It is a template for acting or thinking in similar situations.


Cognitive development1
Cognitive Development

  • Assimilation – Mental process that modifies new information to fit it into existingschemas

Accommodation –Mental process thatrestructures existingschemas so that newinformation is better understood


His view of children
HIS VIEW OF CHILDREN

  • CHILDREN ARE NOT “BLANK SLATES” OR “EMPTY VESSELS”

  • CHILDREN INVENT THEIR OWN LOGIC


Stage 1 sensorimotor birth to 1 2 years
STAGE 1: SENSORIMOTORBirth to 1 ½- 2 years

  • SIMPLE MOTOR RESPONSES TO SENSORY STIMULI; NO CONCEPTION OF OBJECT PERMANENCE

  • USE OF SCHEMAS

  • What is initially reflexes, the infant forms adaptive ways to act on the environment.


Typical achievement
Typical Achievement

  • An infant suck, grasps, looks and reaches..this becomes organized into complex activities. Infant develops knowledge of space and objects..they begin to understand the physical world.


Stage 2 preoperational
STAGE 2: PREOPERATIONAL

  • AGES 1 ½–7

  • EXHIBITS EGOCENTRIC THINKING

  • USES SYMBOLS, WORDS, and IMAGES


Typical achievement1
Typical Achievement

  • Children begin to acquire language and mental representation, but thought remains unidimensional…

  • “the world revolves around me.”


Stage 3 concrete operations
STAGE 3: CONCRETE OPERATIONS

  • AGES 7–11

  • BEGINS TO UNDERSTAND THE CONCEPT OF CONSERVATION

  • LOGICAL REASONING ABOUT OBJECTS, EVENTS, AND RELATIONSHIPS DEVELOPS.


Typical achievement2
Typical Achievement

  • Children can reason systematically with respect to classes, number, and other characteristics.

  • Aware of the characteristics of their social world.


Stage 4 formal operations
STAGE 4: FORMAL OPERATIONS

  • AGES 11–ADULT

  • UNDERSTANDS ABSTRACT IDEAS AND HYPOTHETICAL SITUATIONS

  • CAPABLE OF LOGICAL THINKING


Point winning question
Point-Winning Question

  • Daniel is learning that five pennies spread out on his desk are the same number of coins as five pennies in a pile. According to Piaget, how old is Daniel likely to be?

  • 1 year

  • 2 years

  • 4 years

  • 8 years

  • 13 years


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