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Piaget . Cognitive Developmental Stages. JEAN PIAGET. CHILD PSYCHOLOGIST HE FOUND ANSWERS TO HUMAN BEHAVIOR BY STUDYING CHILDREN INFLUENTIAL IN SCHOOL REFORM. Cognitive Development. Cognitive development – The process by which thinking changes over time

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piaget

Piaget

Cognitive Developmental Stages

jean piaget
JEAN PIAGET
  • CHILD PSYCHOLOGIST
  • HE FOUND ANSWERS TO HUMAN BEHAVIOR BY STUDYING CHILDREN
  • INFLUENTIAL IN SCHOOL REFORM
cognitive development
Cognitive Development
  • Cognitive development –The process by which thinking changes over time
  • Schemas –Mental structures orprograms that guide adeveloping child’s thoughts. It is a template for acting or thinking in similar situations.
cognitive development1
Cognitive Development
  • Assimilation – Mental process that modifies new information to fit it into existingschemas

Accommodation –Mental process thatrestructures existingschemas so that newinformation is better understood

his view of children
HIS VIEW OF CHILDREN
  • CHILDREN ARE NOT “BLANK SLATES” OR “EMPTY VESSELS”
  • CHILDREN INVENT THEIR OWN LOGIC
stage 1 sensorimotor birth to 1 2 years
STAGE 1: SENSORIMOTORBirth to 1 ½- 2 years
  • SIMPLE MOTOR RESPONSES TO SENSORY STIMULI; NO CONCEPTION OF OBJECT PERMANENCE
  • USE OF SCHEMAS
  • What is initially reflexes, the infant forms adaptive ways to act on the environment.
typical achievement
Typical Achievement
  • An infant suck, grasps, looks and reaches..this becomes organized into complex activities. Infant develops knowledge of space and objects..they begin to understand the physical world.
stage 2 preoperational
STAGE 2: PREOPERATIONAL
  • AGES 1 ½–7
  • EXHIBITS EGOCENTRIC THINKING
  • USES SYMBOLS, WORDS, and IMAGES
typical achievement1
Typical Achievement
  • Children begin to acquire language and mental representation, but thought remains unidimensional…
  • “the world revolves around me.”
stage 3 concrete operations
STAGE 3: CONCRETE OPERATIONS
  • AGES 7–11
  • BEGINS TO UNDERSTAND THE CONCEPT OF CONSERVATION
  • LOGICAL REASONING ABOUT OBJECTS, EVENTS, AND RELATIONSHIPS DEVELOPS.
typical achievement2
Typical Achievement
  • Children can reason systematically with respect to classes, number, and other characteristics.
  • Aware of the characteristics of their social world.
stage 4 formal operations
STAGE 4: FORMAL OPERATIONS
  • AGES 11–ADULT
  • UNDERSTANDS ABSTRACT IDEAS AND HYPOTHETICAL SITUATIONS
  • CAPABLE OF LOGICAL THINKING
point winning question
Point-Winning Question
  • Daniel is learning that five pennies spread out on his desk are the same number of coins as five pennies in a pile. According to Piaget, how old is Daniel likely to be?
  • 1 year
  • 2 years
  • 4 years
  • 8 years
  • 13 years
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