McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Assistance Act
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McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Assistance Act. Title X Part C No Child Left Behind Act - 2001. “ Our children need adults who focus on results. ” Secretary Rod Paige. Number of Children and Youth Experiencing Homelessness. 1989 - 272,773 1991 - 327,416 1993 - 744,266 1997 - 841,730

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Title X Part C No Child Left Behind Act - 2001

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Title x part c no child left behind act 2001

McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Assistance Act

Title X Part C

No Child Left Behind Act - 2001

“Our children need adults who focus on results.”

Secretary Rod Paige


Number of children and youth experiencing homelessness

Number of Children and Youth Experiencing Homelessness

  • 1989 - 272,773

  • 1991 - 327,416

  • 1993 - 744,266

  • 1997 - 841,730

  • 2000 – 930,232


Definitions of homeless children and youth

Definitions of Homeless Children and Youth

  • Lack fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence

  • Share housing (due to loss or hardship)

  • Live in hotels, motels, trailer homes, campgrounds, emergency or transitional shelters, abandoned in hospitals, awaiting foster care


Definitions of homeless children and youth1

Definitions of Homeless Children and Youth

  • Primary nighttime residence not designed or ordinarily used as a regular sleeping accommodation

  • Live in cars, parks, public spaces, abandoned buildings, substandard housing, bus, or train stations


Definitions of homeless children and youth2

Definitions of Homeless Children and Youth

  • Pre-school aged children.

  • Unaccompanied youth (youth not in the physical custody of a parent or guardian)

  • Migratory children who qualify as homeless because of their living situation


Mckinney vento homeless education assistance act

McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Assistance Act

Other Definitions

  • Enroll and Enrollment include – right to attend classes and participate fully in school activities

  • School of Origin – school that child or youth attended when permanently housed or last enrolled

  • Comparable Services – services offered to other students in the school selected


Barriers to enrollment

Barriers to Enrollment

  • Lack of transportation to or from temporary residence

  • Lack of immunization and medical

    records

  • Lack of school records

  • State guardianship/residency requirements not uniformly

    interpreted by school

  • Lack of birth certificates


Barriers to enrollment1

Youth ages 12 and up face additional

barriers to school enrollment, for example:

Attendance policies

Secondary school credit accrual

Legal guardianship requirements

Barriers to Enrollment


Barriers to school success

Barriers to School Success

  • Frequent mobility

  • Lack of staff awareness and sensitivity

  • Inability to complete school assignments

  • Lack of psychological services

  • Poor health and inadequate medical care

  • Physical needs -- food, clothing, health care


Access to special programs and services

Access to Special Programs and Services

  • Special Education

  • Head Start

  • Gifted and Talented

  • Even Start

  • Programs for English language learners

Children experiencing homelessness have difficulty accessing the following programs and services


Mckinney vento homeless education assistance act1

McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Assistance Act

Comparable Services

Homeless children and youth must receive

comparable services to those received by all

other children including

  • Transportation services

  • Educational services

  • Meals through school nutrition programs


Mckinney vento homeless education assistance act2

McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Assistance Act

Educational Stability & Continuity

  • Requires schools to keep children in the school of origin to the extent feasible, except where contrary to the wishes of the parent or guardian

  • Child or youth’s right to attend their school of origin extends to entire duration of homelessness

  • Requires removal of any barriers that contribute to exclusion or enrollment delay


Mckinney vento homeless education assistance act3

McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Assistance Act

Students’ Access to School

  • Requires schools to immediately enroll children and youth experiencing homelessness

  • Requires a Liaison in every school district

  • Requires public notice of educational rights of children and youth experiencing homelessness disseminated in every school district


Mckinney vento homeless education assistance act4

McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Assistance Act

  • Parental Options and Involvement

  • Requires schools to fully inform parents and guardians of

    enrollment options and educational opportunities available

  • Requires schools to fully inform parents of right to have the

    district transport children to school of origin

  • Requires schools provide written explanations to parents

    regarding disputes over school selection and enrollment

    and referral to Liaisons for dispute resolution

  • Requires schools to provide parents and guardians with

    meaningful opportunities to participate in the education of their

    children


Mckinney vento homeless education assistance act5

McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Assistance Act

  • Educational Rights of Unaccompanied Youth

  • Requires schools to fully inform youth of their enrollment

    options and available educational opportunities

  • Requires LEA Liaison to assist youth in school

    enrollment and selection decisions and transportation needs


Mckinney vento homeless education assistance act6

McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Assistance Act

  • Integration of Children and Youth Experiencing Homelessness

  • Prohibits segregation of students

  • into separate schools or separate

  • classrooms within schools

  • SEAs and LEAs must adopt policies and practices to ensure

    that children are not stigmatized or segregated on the basis

    of their status as homeless


Mckinney vento homeless education assistance act7

McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Assistance Act

  • Role of State Coordinator

  • Gather, validate, and report data on children and youth experiencing homelessness

  • Access to public preschools, elementary, and secondary

    schools

  • Special needs of students

  • Progress made by State and LEAs in addressing

    problems and difficulties

  • Success in enrolling, attending, and succeeding in school


Mckinney vento homeless education assistance act8

McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Assistance Act

  • Role of State Coordinator

  • Technical Assistance

  • Technical assistance to LEAs in coordination with LEA Liaisons

    to ensure LEA compliance

  • Inform school personnel, service providers, advocates of the

    duties of the LEA Liaisons


Mckinney vento homeless education assistance act9

McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Assistance Act

  • LEA Requirements

  • Enroll homeless child or youth immediately even if no

    records are currently available

  • Schools must contact child’s or youth’s school last attended

    for academic and other records

  • Immediate referral to LEA Liaison if immunization or medical

    records are unavailable from prior school(s)

  • Records must be kept, maintained, and available for future

    school enrollment


Mckinney vento homeless education assistance act10

McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Assistance Act

  • Enrollment Disputes

  • Admit child or youth immediately to

    school selected by parent/guardian

    or youth pending resolution of dispute

  • School must provide parent/guardian or youth with written

    explanation of decision including statement of rights

  • Referral to Liaison for dispute resolution

  • Liaison ensures unaccompanied youth is immediately enrolled


Title x part c no child left behind act 2001

McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Assistance Act

  • Role of LEA LIAISON

  • Assist unaccompanied youthwith placement, enrollment,

    and knowing their rights

  • Disseminate public notices of educational rights

  • Inform and assist with accessing

    transportation

  • Mediate enrollment disputes

  • Coordinate and collaborate


Coordination with title i

Coordination with Title I

  • Title I requires that districts must provide services for children and youth who live in homeless situations

  • Children and youth experiencing homelessness are automatically eligible to receive Title I services by virtue of their homelessness


Title i requirements

Title I Requirements

  • SEAs have to submit a Title I Part A plan coordinated with the McKinney-Vento Act - Sec. 1111

  • LEAs have to submit a Title I Part A plan to SEAs that is coordinated with McKinney-Vento and describes services and set-asides – Sec. 1112


Title i requirements1

Title I Requirements

  • Reservation of Title I Funds - a local education agency needs to reserve funds to provide comparable services for eligible homeless children who do not attend participating schools, including providing educationally related support services to children in shelters and other locations where children may live. - Sec. 1113


Contact information

Contact Information

National Center for Homeless Education (NCHE)

Diana Bowman, Director

Helpline: 1-800-308-2145 Email: [email protected] http://www.serve.org/nche

U.S. Department of Education

Gary Rutkin, Federal Coordinator

McKinney-Vento Program

Email: [email protected]

www.ed.gov/OFFICES/CEP


Title x part c no child left behind act 2001

McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Assistance Act

“We stand on the brink of comprehensive change in the culture of education .”

Secretary Rod Paige


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