The colosseum amphitheatrum flavium
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http://powerofpositivity.net/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/colosseum-rome-europe2.jpg. The Colosseum ( Amphitheatrum Flavium ). By Chad Yip. Location. Rome Located in the region IV: Templum Pacis (Temple of Peace).

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The Colosseum ( Amphitheatrum Flavium )

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The colosseum amphitheatrum flavium

http://powerofpositivity.net/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/colosseum-rome-europe2.jpg

The Colosseum(AmphitheatrumFlavium)

By Chad Yip


Location

Location

  • Rome

  • Located in the region IV: TemplumPacis (Temple of Peace)

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/91/Municipi_di_Roma.svg/375px-Municipi_di_Roma.svg.png


Origins of the colosseum

Origins of the Colosseum

  • Built:70-80 AD

  • Built by Vespasian, but completed under his son Titus.

  • Funded by the spoils taken from the Jewish Temple after the Siege of Jerusalem.

  • Colosseum was to be the showpiece of the new Flavian dynasty of Vespasian and his sons.

  • Site was chosen because it was a flat area between the Caelian, Esquiline, and Palatine Hills.


Importance

Importance

  • The Colosseum can be interpreted as a great triumphal monument in the tradition of celebrating victories. (over Great Jewish Revolt in 70 AD)

  • Pleased the Roman people instead of returning soldiers.

  • Constructed in the heart of Rome at the city centre, unlike many other amphitheatres.

  • Over 9,000 wild animals were killed in the inaugural games.


Uses of the colosseum

Uses of the Colosseum

  • Used to host gladiatorial shows as well as a variety of other events.

  • Shows (munera): given by private individuals

    • Demonstration of power and prestige

    • Immensely popular

  • Animal Hunts (venatio):

    • Hunting wild beasts imported from Africa and the Middle East

  • Recreations of Nature scenes (sylvae):

    • Nature scenes such as forests were replicated with real animals and plants.

    • Used to display natural environment for urban population, or as a backdrop for hunts and dramas.


Damage

Damage

  • In 217 AD the Colosseum was damaged in a major fire which destroyed its upper levels.

  • Was not fully repaired until 240 AD, and continued to suffer damage from other natural disasters such as earthquakes.

  • Used throughout the centuries despite its age.


The colosseum today

The Colosseum Today

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/18/Binnenzijde_Colosseum.jpg


The colosseum in ancient times

The Colosseum in Ancient Times

http://www.bible-history.com/archaeology/rome/colosseum-sketch-piranesi-19.jpg


Bibliography

Bibliography

  • http://romancolosseum.org/roman-colosseum-history/

  • http://www.rome.info/colosseum/

  • http://www.the-colosseum.net/idx-en.htm

  • http://www.aviewoncities.com/rome/colosseo.htm

  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/romans/colosseum_01.shtml

  • http://www.italyguides.it/us/roma/colosseum.htm

  • http://www.history.com/topics/colosseum


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