Viet nam forests and agriculture
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Viet Nam Forests and Agriculture. Group Members: Adahy Lewis, Seth James , Quentin Delorme, Russel Zillgitt , Jerome Robinson Jr. What we wanted to learn. What is the situation in Viet Nam with forest vs agricultural land?

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Viet Nam Forests and Agriculture

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Viet nam forests and agriculture

Viet Nam Forests and Agriculture

Group Members:

Adahy Lewis, Seth James, Quentin Delorme, RusselZillgitt, Jerome Robinson Jr


What we wanted to learn

What we wanted to learn

  • What is the situation in Viet Nam with forest vs agricultural land?

    • Is the current direction of Vietnam’s forestry and agriculture sustainable?

    • Can a healthy ecosystem be maintained?

    • What have Vietnam’s forests looked like historically? What about now?

    • What external factors have influenced Vietnam’s land use?

    • How are endangered species being affected by land use?


Organization

  • History

  • Deforestation/Reforestation

  • Economics

  • Incentives

  • Sociological

  • Synthesis & Predictions

Organization


Location geography

Location & Geography


History part one

History, part one

  • First gained independence from China, 938 CE

  • “Colonized” by French in mid-19th century

  • Japanese occupied in WWII, Ho Chi Minh and Viet Minh fought

  • First Indochina War

    • French tried to re-establish control after WWII, essentially defeated

  • Vietnam War

    • USA tried to win against “communist insurgency,” failed


History part two

History, part two

  • Aftermath

    • Unification of North and South Vietnam in 1974, mass exodus of people

    • 1978: Cambodia invasion, removed Khmer Rouge from power

    • 1979: China incursion in response to Cambodia invasion

    • Vietnamese consider China incursion end to their Independence War

  • Reform

    • New politicians replaced “old guard” in 1986, began age of socialist-oriented market economy


Deforestation

Deforestation

Cause of deforestation

Growing population

Fuel for countries growth

Changing governing/Lack of solid policies

Agricultural expansion

Asia Forest Network


Reforestation

Reforestation

Technology

Fertilizers

Better farming practices

New seed types

Globalization

People moving to Cities

Better opportunities for trade taking stress off of countries resources


Economics

Economics

  • Socialist-oriented market economy.

  • Large investment in coffee production. Created 2.6 million jobs which lowered population in poverty from 60% in 1990s to 10% in 2013.

  • Currently the second largest exporter of coffee.

  • Among the largest exporters in rice too.


Incentives

Incentives

  • Keep the country growing economically through forestry projects.

  • With the country’s economy being largely agriculture based, the government has implemented forest planting programs

    • Benefit industries and environmental goals

    • Satisfies people’s demand for fuelwood.

  • Also planting operations create job opportunities that will be beneficial to the increasing population.


Sociological aspects of forestry

Sociological Aspects of Forestry

  • Will Vietnam soon meet standards of a “developed” country?

  • Numerous efforts to develop a sustainable and more participatory forestry sector:

    • Plantation and fuelwood consumption

    • Community Forestry program

    • Challenges remain…


Synthesis predictions

Synthesis & Predictions

  • Modern Viet Nam has a unique government from a unique history

  • Rapid changes in the economy have changed the forest and agricultural management

  • Transition to developed country will change management practices

  • Community-based forest management relatively unique in forest industry

    • Education is an important step in continuing growth and development

  • Viet Nam set to become a big player in global markets


Questions comments

Questions/Comments?


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