H201 introduction
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H201 Introduction . How Do Militaries Change?. H 200 Military Innovation in Peace and War. TLO 7: Use historical context to inform professional military judgment. Relationship of: . HISTORY Particular Knowledge What happened - or -

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H201 Introduction

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H201 introduction

H201 Introduction

How Do Militaries Change?


H 200 military innovation in peace and war

H 200Military Innovation in Peace and War

TLO 7: Use historical context to inform professional military judgment


H201 introduction

Relationship of:

HISTORYParticular Knowledge

What happened

- or -

THEORYGeneral Knowledge

What does it mean

- or -

DOCTRINECommon Behavior

What we do about it

- or -

“What Dead Guys Did”

“What Dead Guys Thought About it”

“What We Do To Avoid Being Dead Guys”


History

HISTORY

  • “Relevant” does not necessarily mean “Recent”

  • Limitations of internet sources

  • According to Luvaas, what are the fallacies or pitfalls?


Pittfalls fallacies

PITTFALLS & FALLACIES

  • Don’t assume absolute truth

  • Avoid using “facts” to “prove” a particular idea about future

  • Practice asking questions about the data, trying to understand both sides of conflict


Focus of course

FOCUS OF COURSE

  • What is “Innovation”?

  • How easy is it for a major institution to change fundamentally?


A model of innovation

A Model of Innovation

Conceptual

(thoughtware)

Technological

(hardware)

THREAT

Logistical

(resources)

MILITARY

CULTURE

POLITICAL

FACTORS


H201 introduction

Text

  • Murray/Millett: Case studies in interwar innovation, transformation and doctrine development – provocative


H200 readings

H200 Readings

  • Point of departure for the next class

  • Contribute insights to be developed in future classes

  • Provide material for essay

  • Make you better informed about your profession


H201 introduction

H200 Evaluation Plan

  • Graded outline:pass/fail

  • 3-5 page essay60%

  • Participation40%

    _____

    Total 100%


Course requirements

COURSE REQUIREMENTS

  • Read 50-60 pages per class

  • Class preparation/involvement

  • Outline

  • Argumentative paper


Plagiarism

Plagiarism

  • “The false assumption of authorship: the wrongful act of taking the product of another person’s mind, and presenting it as one’s own” (MLA Handbook, 5th ed., p. 30)

  • Intellectual theft, an ethical and moral offense, and penalties are severe

  • Using another’s words or thoughts (within reason) is entirely permissible, as long as proper attribution is made


Plagiarism1

Plagiarism

  • When in doubt, cite

  • Submitting a paper written for a previous course is self-plagiarism and another form of cheating


Paris peace conference

PARIS PEACE CONFERENCE

  • Germany: Treaty of Versailles, 1919

  • Austria (St. Germain, 1919), Hungary (Trianon, 1920), Turkey (Sevres, 1920) etc.

  • Dismemberment, reparations for former Central Powers


Interwar period 1919 39

INTERWAR PERIOD (1919-39)

  • Germany disarmed, dismembered, vengeful

  • Democracies exhausted, pacifistic

  • Soviet Union isolated, preaching world-wide revolution (COMINTERN)

  • Unresolved ethnic minorities in eastern Europe

  • Great Depression, 1929 onward


1919 1939

1919-1939

  • Myth that only certain armies innovated and learned

  • Belated, hasty rearmament and innovation

  • New weapons accomplished little without correct doctrine and experience


H201 introduction

  • What common factors hampered military change in this postwar environment?


Common factors

Common Factors

  • Anti-military revulsion

  • Tight defense budgets-large stockpiles of aging equipment-Limited Japanese and Italian industrial plants

  • Rapid change in technology

  • Confusion of terminology

  • Disagreements among theorists, especially airpower


The 1920 s

The 1920’s

  • U.S. failed to join League of Nations

  • 1921-22 Washington Naval Conference

  • 1925 Geneva Protocol on Chem Wpns

  • 1925 Locarno Pact

  • 1928 Kellogg-Briand Pact

  • 1932-34 Geneva Arms Limitation Conferences


The road to war

THE ROAD TO WAR

  • 1931: Japanese seizure of Manchuria

  • 1934: Assassination of Englebert Dollfuss/Austrian Crisis

  • 1935: Germany restored Luftwaffe, conscription; Italy invaded Ethiopia

  • 1936: Hitler reoccupied Rhineland

  • 1936-39: Spanish Civil War


The road to war1

THE ROAD TO WAR

1937: Japan invaded China

Feb 1938: Austrian Anschluss

Sep 1938: Munich Crisis, dismemberment of Czechoslovakia

Mar 1939: Occupation of Prague

Aug 1939: Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact

Sep 1939: Invasion of Poland


Next h202 interwar mechanization

NEXT: H202: Interwar Mechanization


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