Plains. Valleys / Plains. Indo-Gangetic Plain. Physical Geography. Two great rivers - the Ganges and Indus – rise in the mountains and drain Indo-Gangetic Plain. INDIA: Plains.
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Two great rivers - the Ganges and Indus – rise
in the mountains and drain Indo-Gangetic Plain
Narrow coastal plains lie along the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal
The peoples of these coastal plains became sea traders
deposits of soil over a wide
Hstory of South Asia
High mountain ranges cut India off from immigrants and invaders
Tawang 190C in June
550C temperature in June
Thar desert Diurnal range of temperature 300C
Jaisalmer receives 9cm rainfall
Cherrapunji & Mawsynram have 1080cm rain
Tiruvanantapuram & Chennai 200C in December night
Kerala Diurnal range of temperature 80C
MONSOON REGIME IS THE UNITY OF INDIA
The Indian Subcontinent has four climate regions: the highland climate, the subtropical climate, the tropical climate, and the desert or steppe climate.
Monsoons have a huge influence on the weather and climates in the subcontinent.
Agricultural and mineral resources are plentiful.
Monsoons - seasonal winds that blow from the NE Nov. to Mar. and from the SW June to Oct.
The NE (dry) monsoon drops moisture on the Himalayas before reaching India
The SW (wet) monsoon carries warm, moist air from the Indian Ocean and brings heavy rains
20cm = 7.9in
100cm = 39.4in
400cm = 13.2ft
800cm = 26.3ft
1000cm = 32.8ft
The wet monsoon brings most of the year’s rainfall and is important for agriculture
If the wet monsoon arrives late or brings little rain, crops fail; too much rain, flooding destroys the countryside
Temperatures can reach 120ºF in the Indo-Gangetic Plain
15 C = 59 F
30 C = 86 F
45 C = 113 F
December to March ~~~~ Cold
April to May ~~~~ Very hot (Often over 100 degrees)
June to September ~~~~ Monsoon season
October to November ~~~ less rain
Monsoons are huge rain storms that come in from the Indian Ocean. They bring enough rain to supply water for the whole year. These storms have strong winds. They can flood and destroy farms and houses. Some have even killed people.
Are there storms like these in the United States?
Monsoons are seasonal winds that bring either moist or dry air to an area.
Summer monsoons bring heavy rains and fertile growing conditions to many places on the Indian Subcontinent.
In the winter, the monsoons change direction. The winter monsoons bring dry air from the north, and little rain falls during this time of year.
2. Western Zone-Mumbai (Bombay)-Ahmadabad: This Maharashtra, Gujarat area specializes in cotton and chemicals with some engineering and food processing, automobiles, and petrochemicals.
3. Southeastern Zone- Chennai (Madras): specializing in textiles.
4. Bangalore supports diversified electrical manufacturing, machine tools, the construction industry, and food processing.