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North Africa. People and Dances. North Africa and Mediterranean. El Maghrib (The Islamic West). Ancient History . Settlement by Phoenicians from the 10 th century BCE : Carthage (Gades in Spain) Greek presence from 6 th century BCE; intermarriage with local “Libyans” but distinct culture

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North africa

North Africa

People and Dances




Ancient History

  • Settlement by Phoenicians from the 10th century BCE : Carthage (Gades in Spain)

  • Greek presence from 6th century BCE; intermarriage with local “Libyans” but distinct culture

  • Roman domination from 2nd century BCE onward

  • Invasion by Visigoths and other late Roman presences in 5th century BCE

  • Longstanding distinct Jewish presence

  • Islamicized in 7th century BCE

  • Berber population only nominally Islamic


Berbers

Ancient origins

Not Arabic speakers

Culturally distinct from Arab world but must fit in with it

Both nomads and farmers


Focus on:

Morocco

Algeria

Tunisia

Libya

French influence

French colonial domination in 19th and early 20th centuries

Sahara desert and desert nomads: Tuareg and Berber

Kabyle peoples – from the mountains






or not ...

Orientalizing ...


Presentation of women as exotic others in Western travel images

Malik Alloula, The Colonial Harem


Many images showed women minus key elements of their clothing, and had a frankly sexual quality

Eastern women as “owned” by the Western, male gaze


La Danse du Ventre clothing, and had a frankly sexual quality


Ouled Nail Dancers clothing, and had a frankly sexual quality


Depiction of Ouled Nail in Art clothing, and had a frankly sexual quality

Tribal site


Etienne Dinet clothing, and had a frankly sexual quality


More Dinet clothing, and had a frankly sexual quality


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