North africa
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North Africa PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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North Africa. People and Dances. North Africa and Mediterranean. El Maghrib (The Islamic West). Ancient History . Settlement by Phoenicians from the 10 th century BCE : Carthage (Gades in Spain) Greek presence from 6 th century BCE; intermarriage with local “Libyans” but distinct culture

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North Africa

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North africa

North Africa

People and Dances


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North Africa and Mediterranean


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El Maghrib (The Islamic West)


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Ancient History

  • Settlement by Phoenicians from the 10th century BCE : Carthage (Gades in Spain)

  • Greek presence from 6th century BCE; intermarriage with local “Libyans” but distinct culture

  • Roman domination from 2nd century BCE onward

  • Invasion by Visigoths and other late Roman presences in 5th century BCE

  • Longstanding distinct Jewish presence

  • Islamicized in 7th century BCE

  • Berber population only nominally Islamic


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Berbers

Ancient origins

Not Arabic speakers

Culturally distinct from Arab world but must fit in with it

Both nomads and farmers


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Focus on:

Morocco

Algeria

Tunisia

Libya

French influence

French colonial domination in 19th and early 20th centuries

Sahara desert and desert nomads: Tuareg and Berber

Kabyle peoples – from the mountains


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Morocco’s Atlas Mountains


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Sahara Desert


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Morocco’s Coast


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Urban produce markets


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or not ...

Orientalizing ...


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Presentation of women as exotic others in Western travel images

Malik Alloula, The Colonial Harem


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Many images showed women minus key elements of their clothing, and had a frankly sexual quality

Eastern women as “owned” by the Western, male gaze


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La Danse du Ventre


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Ouled Nail Dancers


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Depiction of Ouled Nail in Art

Tribal site


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Etienne Dinet


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More Dinet


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