Hedging the asset swap
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Hedging the Asset Swap. Jiakou Wang. of the JGB Floating Rate Notes. Presentation at SooChow University March 2009. Contents. 1. Introduction. 2. Pricing the ASW. 3. Hedging the ASW. 4. Conclusion. Bond Investor. Interest rate risk. Credit risk. Asset Swap.

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Hedging the asset swap

Hedging the Asset Swap

Jiakou Wang

of the JGB Floating Rate Notes

Presentation at SooChow University March 2009


Contents

Contents

1. Introduction

2. Pricing the ASW

3. Hedging the ASW

4. Conclusion


Asset swap

Bond Investor

Interest rate risk

Credit risk

Asset Swap

  • An asset swap enables an investor to buy a bond and then hedge out the interest rate risk by swapping the coupon payments to floating.


Asset swap1

Bond Seller

ASW Seller

Investor

Asset Swap

  • An asset swap enables an investor to buy a bond and then hedge out the interest rate risk by swapping the coupon payments to floating.

c

p

Libor + s

c


Jgb floating rate notes

JGB Floating Rate Notes

  • The cash flow structure

  • FRN coupon = Max(Reference rate – K,0)

  • Reference rate = recent issued 10 year bond yield on the coupon reset date

  • Participants bid on the level of K


The jgb frn asset swap

Lehman

Client

The JGB FRN Asset Swap

  • The FRN asset swap deal between Lehman and the client

JGB FRN floating coupon

3M LIBOR+spread


The jgb frn asset swap1

Questions for Lehman

The JGB FRN Asset Swap

How to price the FRN asset swap?

What are the risks of the FRN asset swap?

What are the proper hedging instruments?


Asset pricing key points

Asset Pricing Key Points

  • Recall the pricing formula for any traded asset and the numeraire

  • Under the risk neutral measure with the money market account as the numeraire, the pricing formula is written as

  • The interest rate curve and volatility surface are the most important concepts for the interest rate asset pricing in practice.


Asset pricing key points1

An example of interest rate curve (Bloomberg)

Asset Pricing Key Points


Asset pricing key points2

Asset Pricing Key Points

  • An example of Yen swaption ATM Volatility Surface (in %) on Sept. 1,2008.


Asset pricing key points3

Asset Pricing Key Points

What are the functions of Interest Rate Model ?

  • Interest Rate Model describes the interest rate curve dynamics as a stochastic process I(t).

  • Today’s interest rate curve and the volatility surface are fitted to get the model parameters. It is called Market Calibration.

  • If we know the interest rate curve dynamics, we know the asset payoff dynamics. Furthermore, we can calculate .

  • Interest rate discount curve gives the discount factor


Pricing frn asset swap

Pricing FRN Asset Swap

  • Denote the FRN coupon payment dates by

  • Denote the discount factor by

  • Denote the 10 year JGB yield covering the time interval by


Pricing frn asw by sabr model

Pricing FRN ASW by SABR Model

  • The SABR model is a two factor volatility model used widely to price interest rate derivatives.


Calibrating the sabr model

Calibrating the SABR Model

Fitting the interest rate curve and the volatility surface


Calibrating the sabr model1

Target 3

Fitting the swaption volatility surface to get

Target 2

Target 1

Fitting the ATM volatility trace (backbone) to get

Build the bond yield curve on today’s market to calculate the forward yield

Calibrating the SABR Model


Building the jgb cmt curve

Building the JGB CMT Curve

  • The forward yield can be calculated as


Fitting the swaption market

Fitting the Swaption Market

  • Singular perturbation techniques are used to obtain the European option price. The swaption implied volatility is given by


Fitting the swaption market1

Fitting the Swaption Market

  • The implied volatility can be approximated by

  • The ATM implied volatility has an approximated relation with the exponent :

Managing Smile Risk, Patrick S. Hagan, Deep Kumar etc.


Fitting the swaption market2

Fitting the Swaption Market

  • Fitting to the backbone of the volatility smiles

  • The interest rate is normal


Fitting the swaption market3

Fitting the Swaption Market

  • Fitting to the backbone of the volatility smiles

  • The interest rate is log normal


Fitting the swaption market4

Fitting the Swaption Market

  • Recall the implied volatility can be approximated by

  • Skew term:

  • Smile term:


Fitting the swaption market5

Fitting the Swaption Market

  • Fitting to the swaption implied volatility curve


Fitting the swaption market6

Fitting the Swaption Market

  • Alpha on Sept. 1 2008


Fitting the swaption market7

Fitting the Swaption Market

  • Correlation on Sept. 1 2008


Fitting the swaption market8

Fitting the Swaption Market

  • Vol of vol on Sept. 1 2008


Pricing frn asset swap1

Calculate the caplet

Calculate implied volatility

Fitting volatility curve

Build JGB curve

Pricing FRN Asset Swap


The risks of frn asset swap

1

2

3

Interest Rate risk

Delta

Gamma

  • Volatility Risk

  • Vega

  • Nova

  • Vol of vol

Other Risks

1.Theta

2.Other risks depending on the model

The Risks of FRN Asset Swap


The risks of frn asset swap1

The Risks of FRN Asset Swap

  • Delta: The first order derivative of the price with respect to the interest rate;

  • Gamma: The second order derivative of the price with respect to the interest rate;

  • Theta: The first order derivative of the price with respect to the time;

  • Vega: The first order derivative of the price with respect to ATM volatility

  • Sensitivity of the volatility of the volatility

  • Sensitivity of the correlation


An example synthetic jgb frn

An example: Synthetic JGB FRN

  • Assume an synthetic JGB FRN starting to accrue interests on Sept. 1, 2008 with coupon payment every 6 month.

  • Face value 100 yen.

  • The expiration date is Sept. 1, 2023.

  • The first coupon payment is on March 1, 2009.

  • The coupon will be reset every 6 month.

  • Assume strike K= 0.65.

  • Assume the asset swap is based on this synthetic JGB Floating Rate Notes.


Ir risk of frn asset swap

IR Risk of FRN Asset Swap

  • The Delta risk(cents/bp) by bumping the interest rate curve on Sept. 1, 2008

  • Solution: Hedge the Delta risk by going long or short general JGB bonds such that the hedged portfolio is Delta neutral.


The volatility risk of frn asw

The Volatility Risk of FRN ASW

  • The Vega risk(cents/bp) by bumping the volatility surface

  • Solution: Hedge the Vega risk by going long or short swaption such that the hedged portfolio is Vega neutral.


Hedging strategy and conclusion

Hedging strategy and conclusion

  • Use SABR model to price and calculate the risk of the JGB FRN asset swap.

  • Hedge the Delta risk by going long or short general JGB bonds such that the hedged portfolio is Delta neutral. Rebalance the portfolio when time is progressing.

  • Hedge the Vega risk by going long or short swaption such that the hedged portfolio is Vega neutral. Rebalance the portfolio when time is progressing.

  • A historical simulation is done for the past 5 years which shows a good hedging result.


Hedging the asset swap

Thank You !


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