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Developing Fuel Quality Roadmaps in Asia 22-23 May 2006 Auditorium A & B, Asian Development Bank. Introduction of FQM regulation and system -the case of Japan-. Japan Automobile Research Institute Keiko Hirota.

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introduction of fqm regulation and system the case of japan

Developing Fuel Quality Roadmaps in Asia

22-23 May 2006

Auditorium A & B,

Asian Development Bank

Introduction of FQM regulation and system -the case of Japan-

Japan Automobile Research Institute

Keiko Hirota

air quality improvement from a point of view of fuel and vehicle emission regulations
Air quality improvementfrom a point of view of fuel and vehicle emission regulations

FQMS

Fuel property reg.

Clean air

Emission regulation

I/M

Vehicle technology

Air quality monitoring

evolutions of emission regulation in japan gasoline passenger car
Evolutions of emission regulation in Japan (Gasoline Passenger car)

100

Mode change

(1010-15)

60%

CO

50%

50

45%

5%

(0.8%)

1.6%

0

100

75%

Mode change

(1010-15)

59%

HC

48%

50

2.6%

8%

(1.3%)

0

100

* IW  1,000kg

Mode change

(1010-15)

IW > 1,000kg

70%

NOx

50

27%

39%

2.6%

8%

(1.3%)

20%

0

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

1965

2005

1996

2000

1975

Regular gasoline

1986

Premium

Benzene contents

Lead phase out

5%

1%

Source (Emission) Mr.Morimitu JARI China RT, (Lead contents) PAJ, PEC

slide4

Efforts from oil industry and government

Converted as 1 UDS = 109.65 yen

Total investment from oil industry:

Source: www.cosmo-oil.co.jp/kankyo/publish/report/pdf/2001/09_p17_18.pdf

Tokyo Metropolitan government: Subsidies for sulfur free diesel 10 yen/liter to petro stations (2001,2002)

MOE: Subsidies for oil refinery plant of sulfur free diesel production : 6.2 million USD (2004)

Source: Tokyo Metropolitan Government, Official announcement Aug.16,2001,

Document of Mr. Hirabayashi at the meeting of “Asian Network of Major Cities 21 joint Project.” Oct. 11, 2002

Source: MOE documents

slide5

Law and standard of FQM

Law

Standard

Law for Quality Control of Gasoline etc.

(1977)

Amendment of Law for Quality Control of

Gasoline etc. (1996)

Mandatory standard

Japanese Industrial Standard mark (JIS)

Provider

Car safety

Environmental protection

Consumer protection

slide7

Flowchart of FQMS

Punishment

risk

Quality verify

Mandatory check

by company

Quality verify

Investigation

of cause

Incompliance

Visit without notice, Punishment

Oil company

(refinery, import)

Report duty

Distributor

Government

depot

Distributor

Mandatory check duty

By company

(Each 10 days)

Analysis fee: 3000 USDMin./ year

FQM plan,

Report duty

Petro station

47584 (2005)

Hearing, Visit without notice,

Punishment etc

Report duty

Mandatory check by appointed institute

(Once a year)

Analysis fee USD 82-182/ sampling

Sampling at Petro station

by appointed institute

slide9

Sampling and Analysis to Asian countries

Potential problems on

Adulterations

Penalty

Number

of sampling

Human resource

+ analysis facilities

Possibilityon

National standard.

AAF recommendation.

  • Obligation of control/ management by law
  • Check and improve by FQ monitoring
  • Severe penalty by government
  • Information transparency
slide10

Step by step approach for FQMS development

Government initiatives

for fuel quality monitoring

Improve detection rate

Improve FQ

At retail level

Government initiative

Skilled human resources

Efficient analysis facility

Private responsibility

1st step

Mandatory check at retail level

Severe penalty for regulation

violation

Database

FQMS program at analyze institute

Improve analytical

capacity

2nd step

Competitive and fare

market

Severer regulation

Consumer benefit

Quality certification mark

emission control level and counter measures on gasoline passenger cars

EM

Euro1

EM

TWC(13R)

EM

OBD

Euro2

TWC(13R)

Euro3

EM

OBD

Euro4

S/C(7R)

TWC(9R)

Emission Control Level and counter-measures onGasoline Passenger Cars

TYPICAL SYSTEM

g/km

HC

1.0

S<500 ppm

0.5

S<150 ppm

S<50 ppm

CO

NOx

0

1.0

0.5

3

2

1

Source: Mr. Morimitsu, JAMA FQM seminar 2005

history of japan s emission regulations diesel trucks

Source:

Mr.Ueda JAMAFQMSSeminarJan.2005,

PAJ, PEC

The information

Was composed by JARI

* Direct-injection diesel trucks, medium-duty (over 1.7t, up to 2.5t)

HISTORY OF JAPAN\'S EMISSION REGULATIONS(Diesel Trucks)

Mode 6 concentration reg

Mode 10-15 mass reg

(Unregulated)

CO

100%

Initial value

30%

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

2005

Mode 10-15 mass reg

Mode 6 concentration reg

(Unregulated)

HC

100%

Initial value

30%

6%

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

2005

1975

100%

(Unregulated)

80%

Mode 6 concentration reg

Mode 10-15 mass reg

NOx

68%

49%

100%

Initial value

40%

56%

54%

38%

19%

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

2005

Black smoke concentration reg

Mode 10-15 mass reg

100%

Initial value

PM

36%

30%

6%

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

2005

500

10

Sulfur contents standard

12000

5000

2000

50

1953

1976

1992

1997

2005

2007

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